2012 MRS Fall Meeting Tutorial Sessions

The 2012 MRS Fall Meeting will feature nine tutorials covering a variety of topics to complement the scientific sessions. The tutorials will be free of charge to all meeting attendees.

Tutorial notes can be purchased; the order can be submitted with the preregistration form, which will be available on the MRS website in September.

Tutorial notes will be available for purchase during preregistration and at the Publications Sales Booth during the meeting.

 

Tutorial P: Organic Semiconductor Crystals 101

Sunday, November 25
9:00 am - 4:15 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 207
 

Instructors:
Alejandro L. Briseno, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
John Anthony, University of Kentucky
Vitaly Podzorov, Rutgers University
Alberto Morpurgo, University of Geneva, Switzerland

The tutorial’s goal is to provide a broad overview of the state of the art in the field of organic semiconductor single crystals and related optoelectronic devices. Specifically, the tremendous progress made in the field during the recent few years will be emphasized.

9:00-10:15 am
Alejandro L. Briseno
Crystallization of Small Molecules, Oligomers, and Polymer Semiconductors

10:15-10:30 am
COFFEE BREAK

10:30 am-12:00 pm
John Anthony
Synthetic Crystal Engineering Approaches to High-Performance Organic Semiconductors

12:00-1:30 pm
LUNCH BREAK

1:30-2:45 pm
Vitaly Podzorov
Fabrication, Characterization, and Device Physics of OFETs and Photoconductors Based on Molecular Single Crystals

2:45-3:00 pm
COFFEE BREAK

3:00-4:15 PM
Alberto Morpurgo
Physics of Charge Carrier Transport in Single Crystal OFETs and Charge-Transfer Interfaces

Small-molecule and polymer organic semiconductors form the basis of the emerging field of organic electronics and photonics, promising the development of novel electronic devices such as flexible inexpensive circuits, organic solar cells, organic light-emitting displays, and molecular sensors. Despite the rapid progress in the applied research on organic electronics, our understanding of the fundamental properties of this important class of materials remained rather limited. This complication is mainly rooted in the significant disorder in polycrystalline and amorphous organic thin films that dominates their electronic properties. Recently developed electronic devices based on single crystals of organic semiconductors―the materials with unprecedented structural order and chemical purity―allowed, for the first time, experimental access to the intrinsic (that is, not dominated by disorder) fundamental electronic properties of organic semiconductor materials and devices. For this important benefit, organic single crystals have become widely recognized as an essential tool for the fundamental studies of polaronic charge transport, excitonic energy transfer, intrinsic surface, and interfacial phenomena, as well as optical properties of organic semiconductors, ultimately leading to a better understanding and better design of organic electronic materials and devices.
 


Tutorial W/WW: Graphene

Sunday, November 25
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 210
 

Instructors:
Taiichi Otsuji, Tohoku University, Japan
Pierre Seneor, Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, France
Walter de Heer, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mary B. Chan-Park, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

This tutorial is a rare and unique opportunity to receive insight from noted graphene scientists who will familiarize the audience with graphene fundamentals, as well as their visions for the future in this rapidly developing field.

9:00 am-10:30 am
Taiichi Otsuji
Device Applications

10:30 am
Coffee Break

10:45 am-12:15 pm
Pierre Seneor
Spintronics with Graphene 

12:15 pm-1:30 pm
Lunch Break

1:30 pm-3:00 pm
Walter de Heer
Growth and Processing

3:00 pm
Coffee Break

3:30 pm-5:00 pm
Mary B. Chan-Park
Solution-based Materials

The tutorial will be comprised of several primary subject areas covering a range of topics designed to provide attendees with a comprehensive understanding of the unique physical properties of graphene, the methods used to prepare various graphene systems, the techniques used to characterize these systems, and application areas of interest. Whether the attendee is a technical nonspecialist or a graphene expert, all will benefit. 


Tutorial AA: Describing and Visualizing Crystal Structures

Sunday, November 25
 8:30 am - 12:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 200
 


Instructors:
Stefan G. Ebbinghaus, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Anne Guesdon, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, France

The first part of the tutorial, presented by Stefan Ebbinghaus, will cover the basic concepts of crystallographic symmetry. This segment is aimed at scholars with little or no crystallographic experience. Starting from a general overview of symmetry elements/operations, the meaning of space group symbols is explained and training provided in the use of the international tables. Crystallographic transformations (different cell choices for the same space group, sub- and supergroups) are described and different freeware programs such as Platon or PowderCell are introduced.

The second part of the tutorial, presented by Anne Guesdon, will provide instruction in how to draw a known crystal structure in order to show its structural characteristics and to emphasize the structure-properties relationships. Following a brief general presentation, examples will be given, using different drawing software, to illustrate the possible representation modes (perspective, projection along a specific direction, coordination polyhedra, visualization of the thermal displacement parameters ellipsoids, H bonds, etc.). 


Tutorial AA: Piezoresponse Microscopy and Spectroscopy―Fundamentals and Insights into the Properties and Performance of Oxide Nanoelectronic Materials

Sunday, November 25
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 200
 

Instructor:
Sergei V. Kalinin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and spectroscopy is established as a primary method for probing polarization dynamics in nanoscale ferroelectric materials and devices. The tutorial will introduce and discuss experimental approaches for PFM, including spatially resolved spectroscopic imaging modes. Applications of these techniques to probe polarization dynamics in nanoparticles and nanodots, ferroelectric capacitors, and multifunctional oxide heterostructures will be illustrated. Additionally, mapping disorder potentials in thin films, single-defect imaging, and probing polarization dynamics of well-defined defect in oxides will be covered by the Instructors. Image formation mechanisms and practical data deconvolution techniques will also be briefly illustrated.

The second part of the tutorial will both introduce multidimensional PFM spectroscopy based on advanced band excitation methods and describe its applications for mapping piezoelectric nonlinearities in nanoelectronic capacitors and thin films. Combined PFM and conductive AFM measurements, along with a novel extension of PFM for probing electrochemical systems (referred to as electrochemical strain microscopy and spectroscopy), will be described in the context of memristive, Li-ion, and oxygen conductor material performance. 


Tutorial II: Structure, Characterization, and Modeling of Domain Interfaces and Grain Boundaries in Materials

Sunday, November 25
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 202
 


Instructors:
Richard J. Kurtz, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Donald W. Brenner, North Carolina State University

As materials scientists continue to explore the properties of nanomaterials for a wide variety of applications, it is becoming more and more important to understand the role of interfaces and boundaries in determining the functionality of these materials. Symposium II will present the most recent research in the properties of boundaries and interfaces and how they determine the properties of nanomaterials. Differences between prediction from atomic-scale modeling and theories such as coincident site lattice (CSL) will be discussed.

The first segment, presented by Richard Kurtz, discusses the fundamentals of the structures of these interfaces, including descriptions of CSL theory and associated theories for understanding boundary properties from a general perspective. In addition, descriptions of the most significant characterization tools will be provided, including transmission electron microscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, and related methods. Don Brenner will present the second part, focusing on atomic-scale methods used to computationally describe these interfaces. In particular, modeling approaches for determining the structure and properties of these interfaces will be discussed, as well as the role of atomistic simulations in understanding the properties of interfaces more generally.  


Tutorial LL: Analysis of Radioactive Nuclear Materials

Sunday, November 25
9:00 am - 12:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 203
 


Instructor:
Claude Degueldre, Paul Scherrer Institute and University of Geneva, Switzerland

The characterization of radioactive materials is vital not only to understand how materials containing radioactive elements are formed, but also how they can be improved. The analysis of radioactive material is not limited to waste form science, but is applicable to the complete fuel cycle, including analysis of reactor materials. The tutorial will cover the following main areas of radioactive materials characterization:

 

  • Passive and active techniques, including the safe handling of materials, sampling and sample treatment or separation
  • Interactive techniques based on phonon or photon interactions, such as X-ray absorption and infra-red spectroscopies
  • Interactive techniques based on particles, such as electron, neutron, and ion interactions in transmission or reflection mode
  • Comparison of the techniques with emphasis on actinide analyses


The aim of the tutorial is to update attendees who may not be fully aware of some of the new techniques available. At the same time, the tutorial will provide an introduction for those who are new to the topic, or are looking to move into nuclear materials science. 


Tutorial OO: Reactive Materials―Fundamentals, Synthesis Techniques, and Applications

Sunday, November 25
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 206
 


Instructors:
Tim Weihs, Johns Hopkins University
Priya Vashishta, University of Southern California
Charalabos (Haris) Doumanidis, University of Cyprus

This tutorial will bring together the latest information on reactive materials, methods for their fabrication and synthesis, fundamental processes associated with deflagration reactions and emerging applications. Different forms of reactive materials will be discussed, including laminate thin films, foils, plates, and compacts of elemental and composite particles that enable formation reactions.

The tutorial will begin with a general overview of reactive materials and their fundamental properties. A few methods of preparation, including vapor deposition techniques, will be discussed. The tutorial will also provide examples of structure-property relationships that highlight the advantages of nanometer-scale designs. Following this, the tutorial will turn to a discussion of multi-scale molecular modeling of reactive materials. This will include work on molecular dynamics simulations of reactive materials. The discussion will conclude with a review of applications. Emerging applications for reactive materials include microelectro-mechanical systems, in-situ welding, soldering, and chemical agent neutralization technologies.

Introduction to Reactive Materials―Weihs

  • Introduction to formation, reduction-oxidation reactions
  • Fabrication methods: PVD, mechanical methods (ball milling, rolling, CIP, swaging), powder compacts
  • Resulting microstructures
  • Heats of reactions: ranges and quantification
  • Reaction ignition: theory and measurements
  • Steady versus unsteady propagation: some continuum modeling for comparison
  • Phase transformation: in situ observations and modeling to explain phase selection


Atomistic Simulations of Reactive Materials―Vashishta

  • Molecular dynamics methods
  • Reactive force fields and their validation from Quantum mechanical calculations and experiment
  • Validation of models from Quantum mechanical calculations and experiment


Applications of Reactive Materials―Doumanidis

  • Micro-joining (welding, soldering, etc.) and micro-coating
  • Sintering and rapid prototyping
  • In-situ rapid thermal processing of semiconductors
  • Thermally actuated MEMS
  • Hyperthermias for tumor necrosis
  • Targeted drug delivery
  • Self-curing polymer matrix composites
  • Substrates for catalysis, advanced oxidation, desalination, etc. 

Tutorial VV: Neutron and X-rays―Sources, Instrumentation, and Scattering

Sunday, November 25
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 208
 


Instructors:
Klaus-Dieter Liss, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization
Rozaliya Barabash, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The intention of the tutorial is to give the attendees an awareness of and fundamental background on evolving sources, new and developing methods, unfamiliar concepts, and the ability to view diffraction methods in a larger concept.

Topics
Sources, Instrumentation, Basic Diffraction Techniques―Klaus-Dieter Liss
Advanced Diffraction: Understanding Local Structure by Probing Reciprocal Space―Rozaliya Barabash

The course will cover modern and evolving neutron and hard X-ray sources, including nuclear reactors and spallation sources, X-ray tube, synchrotrons, free-electron lasers and energy-recovery linacs. Applications and instrumentation will be focused on diffraction methods, examining overlapping or combined techniques such as simultaneous spatial or spectroscopic information. The concept of state-of-the-art diffraction will be introduced, treated in reciprocal space, and displayed on comparable scales throughout the different kinds of radiation and techniques such as powder diffraction, single-crystal diffraction, pair distribution analysis, reciprocal space mapping, etc. Interrelations between different kinds of defects and their diffraction patterns will be discussed.

Exotic cases and transition regions, such as dynamic versus kinematic theory will be explored.  


Tutorial AAA: Developing Successful Business Plans for Science and Technology Ventures

Sunday, November 25
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Hynes Convention Center, Level 2, Room 204
 


Instructors:
Padmakumar Nair, University of Texas, Dallas
Orlando Auciello, University of Texas, Dallas

The tutorial will provide hands-on techniques to high-tech entrepreneurs to define business ideas, develop business models, and prepare effective business plans for angels, venture capital (VC) investors, and other funding agencies. Both instructors are world-renowned scientists with significant experience in developing new technologies and commercializing them through successful start-ups in the field of materials science, devices, and/or systems.

PART I
Padmakumar Nair
Technology Value Proposition (TVP)

Part I of the tutorial aims to describe, in a practical manner, how to develop strong business plans and sell them to angels and VC investors, and reasons to start the company with angels as opposed to VC investors. The dos and don’ts will be carefully reviewed through real cases. This section will focus on ways to define the new technology/product/service in the context of value to customer and how it will impact customer needs. Participants will be trained to use various tools to create TVP documents.

Padmakumar Nair
Business Environmental Analysis (BEA)

This section will focus on introducing seven factors―demographic; socio-cultural; political-legal; technological; economic; essential resources; global―which are important for the new product/service to effectively create value for the market, and for return on investment (important in order to get funding from investors).

PART II
Orlando Auciello
Examples of Commercialization of Technologies with Great Technological and Societal Impact, and the Current State in the Commercialization Pathway and the Barriers to be Overcome

Part II of the tutorial will be devoted to the best strategies to win and manage projects from the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program, and to win and manage large grants from agencies such as the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA). Real cases of startup companies that took off, thanks to those programs, either alone or in combination with funding from angel and venture VC investors, will be described.

The subsection of the tutorial related to implantable biomedical devices will also feature a brief discussion on how to address regulatory issues and conduct preclinical trials in animals and clinical trials in humans to obtain approvals from the regulatory agencies in different countries.

The road leading brilliant laboratory concepts to commercially viable products requires talents from researchers that go far beyond their initial scientific training. Becoming an entrepreneur means mastering skills that can convince funders and decision-makers to support the startup company vision. Understanding the logic and the constraints of investors, whether from the private or public sector, is a prerequisite to design-winning business plans.


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