Meetings & Events

Fall 2006 logo2006 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

November 27 - December 1, 2006 | Boston
Meeting Chairs:
 Babu R. Chalamala, Louis J. Terminello, Helena Van Swygenhoven

 

Symposium OO : Actinides---Basic Science, Applications, and Technology

2006-11-27   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Kerri Blobaum Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Elaine Chandler Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ladislav Havela Charles University
M. Brian Maple University of California-San Diego
Mary Neu Los Alamos National Laboratory
OO1: Electronic Structure and Spectroscopy
Session Chairs
Ladislav Havela
M. Brian Maple
Monday AM, November 27, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

9:15 AM - **OO1.1
Ab initio Investigations of the Electronic Structure of Ternary Plutonium, Neptunium and Uranium Compounds.

Peter Oppeneer 1 , Saad Elgazzar 2 3 , Sebastien Lebegue 1 4 , Olle Eriksson 1 , Alexander Shick 5
1 Dept. of Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden, 2 , IFW, Dresden Germany, 3 Dept. of Physics, Menoufia University, Shebin El-kom Egypt, 4 , CNRS-Universite Henri Poincare, Nancy France, 5 Inst. of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Prague Czech Republic

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9:45 AM - **OO1.2
Comparative Photoemission Study of Actinide (Am, Pu, Np and U) Metals, Nitrides, and Hydrides.

Thomas Gouder 1
1 , European Commission, JRC, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe Germany

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10:15 AM - OO1.3
On the Electronic Configuration in Pu: Spectroscopy and Theory.

J. Tobin 1 , Per Söderlind 1 , A. Landa 1 , K. Moore 1 , A. Schwartz 1 , J. Wills 2
1 , LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 2 , LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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10:30 AM - OO1.4
Probing the Localized/Itinerant Boundary in Pu Systems with ARPES.

J. Joyce 1 , J. Wills 2 , T. Durakiewicz 1 , K. Graham 1 , J. Sarrao 4 , E. Bauer 1 , D. Moore 3 , L. Morales 3 , O. Eriksson 5
1 Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 2 Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 4 Materials Physics and Applications Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 3 Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 5 Department of Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden

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10:45 AM - OO1.5
Ab initio Electronic Structure Theory of Actinide Skutterudites.

Saad Elgazzar 1 2 , Peter Oppeneer 3
1 , IFW-Dresden, Dresden Germany, 2 Dept. of Physics, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University Egypt, 3 Dept. of Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden

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11:00 AM - *
Break

11:30 AM - **OO1.6
Electronic Structure Theory of the Ground State and Photoemission Spectra of Non-Magnetic δ-Pu, fcc-Am, and Pu-Am Alloys.

Alexander Shick 1 , Ladislav Havela 2 , Jindrich Kolorenc 1 3 , Vaclav Drchal 1
1 Condensed Matter Theory, Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Prague Czech Republic, 2 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague Czech Republic, 3 Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States

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12:00 PM - **OO1.7
Nature of Non-magnetic Strongly-correlated State in Plutonium.

L. Pourovskii 1 , A. Shick 2 , L. Havela 3 , M. Katsnelson 4 , Alexander Lichtenstein 5
1 , Ecole Polytechnique, Paliaseau CEDEX France, 2 , Institute of Physics ASCR, Prague Czech Republic, 3 , Charles University, Prague Czech Republic, 4 , Radbound University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen Netherlands, 5 , University of Hamburg, Hamburg Germany

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12:30 PM - OO1.8
Observation of Dynamical Spin Shielding in Ce: Why It Matters for Pu Electronic Structure.

James Tobin 1 , Sung Woo Yu 1 , Takashi Komesu 2 , Brandon Chung 1 , Simon Morton 1 , G. Dan Waddill 2
1 CMS, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 2 Physics Dept., Univ.Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri, United States

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12:45 PM - OO1.9
Electronic Structure of AC-Clusters and High-Resolution Xray Spectra of Actinides in Solids.

Nicolay Kulagin 1
1 Physics Department, Kharkov National University for Radio Electronics, Khakov Ukraine

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OO2: 5f States and Superconductivity
Session Chairs
S.S. Hecker
Monday PM, November 27, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

2:30 PM - **OO2.1
Actinide Superconductivity: PuCoGa5 and Related Materials.

Joe Thompson 1 , Nicholas Curro 1 , Tuson Park 1 , Eric Bauer 1 , John Sarrao 1
1 , Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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3:00 PM - **OO2.2
Systematic Investigation of The Superconducting Behavior in Aged PuCoGa5.

Frederic Jutier 1 , Eric Colineau 1 , Jean-Christophe Griveau 1 , Jean Rebizant 1 , Franck Wastin 1
1 , European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Inst. Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe Germany

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3:30 PM -
Break

4:30 PM - OO2.3
Tuning of Hidden Order and Superconductivity in URu2Si2 by Applied Pressure and Re Doping.

Nicholas Butch 1 2 , Jason Jeffries 1 2 , M. Maple 1 2
1 Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States, 2 Institute for Pure and Applied Physical Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States

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4:45 PM - **OO2.4
Neutron Scattering Study on UTGa5 and NpTGa5.

Naoto Metoki 1 2
1 Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai Japan, 2 Dep. Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai Japan

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5:15 PM - **OO2.5
Recent Results on Uranium.

James Smith 1 , Jason Lashley 1 , Michael Manley 1 , Bogdan Mihaila 1 , Cyril Opeil 2 , Roland Schulze 1
1 , Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 2 Dept. of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States

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5:45 PM - OO2.6
Comparative Experimental Study of x-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy on Passivated U Surfaces.

Art Nelson 1 , W. Moberlychan 1 , R. Bliss 1 , W. Siekhaus 1 , T. Felter 1
1 CMS MSTD, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States

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2006-11-28   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Kerri Blobaum Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Elaine Chandler Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ladislav Havela Charles University
M. Brian Maple University of California-San Diego
Mary Neu Los Alamos National Laboratory
OO3: Actinide Materials I
Session Chairs
J. l. Smith
Tuesday AM, November 28, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

9:30 AM - **OO3.1
Pinning Frequencies of the Collective Modes in $\alpha $-Uranium.

Jason Lashley 1
1 , Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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10:00 AM - **OO3.2
Lattice Dynamics of f-electron Metals from High-resolution Inelastic X-ray Scattering Measurements.

Daniel Farber 1 , Michael Krisch 2 , Alexandre Beraud 2 , Daniele Antonangeli 1
1 , Lawrence Livermore National Lab. , Livermore, California, United States, 2 , European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble France

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10:30 AM - OO3.3
Evolving Magnetism from Self Damage in Pu Alloys.

Scott McCall 1 , Michael Fluss 1 , Brandon Chung 1 , George Chapline 1 , Michael McElfresh 1 , Richard Haire 2
1 , LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 2 , ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States

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10:45 AM - OO3.4
Fermi surfaces and magnetic properties of PuX3.

Yoshinori Haga 1 , Dai Aoki 2 , Tatsuma Matsuda 1 , Hiroshi Yamagami 4 , Yoshiya Homma 2 , Yoshinobu Shiokawa 2 1 , Kunihisa Nakajima 3 , Yasuo Arai 3 , Yoshichika Onuki 5 1
1 Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan, 2 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki, Japan, 4 Department of Physics, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan, 3 Nuclear Energy Department, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan, 5 Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

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11:00 AM -
BREAK

OO4: Actinide Materials II
Session Chairs
J.G. Tobin
Tuesday AM, November 28, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

11:30 AM - **OO4.1
Using Correlations to Understand Changes in Actinide Bonding.

Richard Haire 1
1 , ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States

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12:00 PM - OO4.2
Specific Heat in the Pu-Am system.

Ladislav Havela 1 , Pavel Javorsky 1 , Alexander Shick 2 , Franck Wastin 3 , Eric Colineau 3
1 Department of Electronic Structures, Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Prague 2 Czech Republic, 2 , Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 8 Czech Republic, 3 , European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe Germany

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12:15 PM - OO4.3
Atomistic Simulations of Ga Atom Ordering in Pu 5%at Ga Alloys.

Michael Baskes 1 , Shenyang Hu 1 , GuoFeng Wang 2 , Andrew Lawson 1 , Sven Rudin 1
1 MST, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 2 Department of chemical Engineering,, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States

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12:30 PM - OO4.4
Predicting the Mechanism of Instability in δ-Pu.

Babak Sadigh 1 , Jess Sturgeon 1
1 Chemistry and Materials Science, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States

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OO5: Metallurgy
Session Chairs
Adam Schwartz
Tuesday PM, November 28, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

2:30 PM - OO5.1
Changes in Delta-Plutonium Due to Aging as Observed by Continuous in-situ X-ray Scattering.

Cheng Saw 1 , Brandon Chung 1 , Mark Wall 1
1 MSTD-CMS, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States

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2:45 PM - OO5.2
Physical Property Changes in Plutonium Observed from Accelerated Aging using Pu-238 Enrichment.

Brandon Chung 1 , Cheng Saw 1 , Stephen Thompson 1 , Conrad Woods 1 , Bartley Ebbinghaus 1
1 , Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States

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3:00 PM - OO5.3
Kinetics of the Isothermal Martensitic Phase Transformation in Plutonium Gallium Alloys.

Benoit Oudot 1 , Kerri J.M. Blobaum 1 , Mark A. Wall 1 , Adam J. Schwartz 2
1 CMS, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 2 PAT, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States

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3:15 PM - OO5.4
Pressure-Induced Electronic Phase Transitions in Rare-Earth Metals.

Choong-Shik Yoo 1 , Brian Maddox 1 , Valentin Iota 1 , Jae-hyun Klepeis 1 , William Evans 1 , Hyunchae Cynn 1
1 , LLNL, Livermore, California, United States

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3:30 PM - OO5.5
Processing and Stress Analysis of Thick Uranium Films.

Andrea Hodge 3 1 , Ron Foreman 2 , Gilbert Gallegos 2
3 Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Lab, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 1 Chemistry and Materials Science, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States, 2 Manufacturing and Materials Engineering Division, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States

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3:45 PM - OO5.6
Uranium Hydride Formation Study as Observed by Scanning Surface Potential Imaging.

Marilyn Hawley 1 , M. Hill 1 , R. Schulze 1
1 Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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4:00 PM -
BREAK

OO6: Materials for Actinide Detection
Session Chairs
E.D. Bourret
Tuesday PM, November 28, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

4:30 PM - **OO6.1
Materials for Actinide Detection: An Overview of Research Needs and Challenges.

Anthony Peurrung 1 , Gordon Graff 1 , Brian Milbrath 1
1 , Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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5:00 PM - **OO6.2
High Energy Resolution Scintillator Detectors for Radioisotope Identification.

Nerine Cherepy 1
1 Chemistry and Materials Science, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Livermore , California, United States

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OO7: Poster Session
Session Chairs
B.W. Chung
Tuesday PM, November 28, 2006
Exhibition Hall D (Hynes)

9:00 PM - OO7.1
Long-Term Phase and Mechanical Instability of Water-Quenched U-6Nb.

Jikou Zhou 1 , Luke Hsiung 1
1 Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States

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9:00 PM - OO7.2
Optical Properties of Plutonium Surface Oxide by Ellipsometry Between .5 and 5.5 eV Photon Energy.

Wigbeert Siekhaus 1 , Bhaskar Mookerji 1
1 Chemistry & Mat. Sciences, LLNL, Livermore, California, United States

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9:00 PM - OO7.3
Cryogenic Nuclear Reactor Fuel and Blankets for Energy Harvesting.

Liviu Popa-Simil 1
1 , LAVM Inc., Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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2006-11-29   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Kerri Blobaum Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Elaine Chandler Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ladislav Havela Charles University
M. Brian Maple University of California-San Diego
Mary Neu Los Alamos National Laboratory
OO8: Actinides and the Environment
Session Chairs
D. k. Shuh
Wednesday AM, November 29, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

9:00 AM - **OO8.1
Structural Characterization of an Plutonium Sequestering Agent Complex by Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction.

Anne Gorden 1 3 , David Shuh 1 , Geza Szigethy 2 , Bryan Tiedemann 2 , Jide Xu 2 , Kenneth Raymond 1 2
1 Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 3 Chemistry and Biochemistry, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, United States, 2 Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States

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9:30 AM - **OO8.2
Thermodynamic and Structural Characterization of Pu(IV) Coordination by Natural Siderophores Desferrioxamine B and Pyoverdin.

Sean Reilly 1 , Hakim Boukhalfa 1
1 Chemistry Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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10:15 AM - OO8.4
Solution State Actinide Speciation in the Solution State as Followed by 13C and 17O NMR.

Bruce McNamara 1 , Herman Cho 1 , Lanee Snow 1 , Judah Friese 1
1 , Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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10:30 AM - **OO8.5
Actinide-Transition Metal Bonding in Gas-Phase Complexes.

John Gibson 1 , Richard Haire 1 , Joaquim Marcalo 2 , Marta Santos 2 , Antonio Pires de Matos 2
1 Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States, 2 Departamento de Química, Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear, Sacavém Portugal

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11:00 AM -
BREAK

OO9: Actinide Chemistry
Session Chairs
Mary Neu
Wednesday AM, November 29, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

11:30 AM - **OO9.1
Actinide Coordination Environments in Solution and in the Solid State.

Lynda Soderholm 1 2 , S. Skanthakumar 1 , Richard Wilson 1 , Peter Burns 2 1
1 Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne , Illinois, United States, 2 Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana, United States

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12:00 PM - OO9.2
The Structures of Polynuclear Th(IV) Hydrolysis Products.

Richard Wilson 1 , S. Skanthakumar 1 , Ginger Sigmon 2 , Yung-Jin Hu 2 , Peter Burns 2 1 , L. Soderholm 1 2
1 Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 2 Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States

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12:15 PM - OO9.3
Actinides Co-conversion by Internal Gelation.

Anne-Charlotte Robisson 1 , Jacques Dauby 1 , Estelle Machon 1 , Corinne Dumont-Schintu 1 , Stéphane Grandjean 1
1 , CEA Valrhô, Bagnols sur cèze France

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12:30 PM - OO9.4
The Nature of PuO2+x: Oxide or Hydroxide Nonstoichiometry?

Mark Levy 1 , Christopher Stanek 2 , Robin Grimes 1
1 Materials, Imperial College London, London United Kingdom, 2 MST-8, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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12:45 PM - OO9.5
Soft X-ray Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy (STXM) Spectromicroscopy of Actinides.

David Shuh 1 , Tolek Tyliszczak 2 , Peter Nico 3
1 Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 2 Advanced Light Source Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 3 Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States

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OO10/MM10: Joint Session: Magnetic Resonance Studies on Actinides
Session Chairs
Julie Herberg
Bruce McNamara
Wednesday PM, November 29, 2006
Liberty (Sheraton)

2:30 PM - **OO10.1/MM10.1
NMR Spectroscopy and the Testing of Ab Initio Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory: Recent Results for Uranyl Salts.

Herman Cho 1 , Wibe de Jong 2 , Chuck Soderquist 3 , Bruce McNamara 3
1 Fundamental Science Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States, 2 Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States, 3 Environmental Technology Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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3:00 PM - **OO10.2/MM10.2
A 23Na and 133Cs MAS NMR Study of the Structural Transformations of Microcrystalline MxWO3+x/2.ZH2O Hexagonal Tungsten Bronze and NaW2O6.2H2O Cubic Tungsten Pyrochlore Systems.

John Hanna 1 , Victor Luca 1 , Christopher Griffith 1 , Kevin Pike 1 , Andrew Howes 2 , Mark Smith 2 , Thibault Charpentier 3
1 Institute of Materials Science & Engineering, ANSTO, Menai, New South Wales, Australia, 2 Dept. of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry , Warwickshire, United Kingdom, 3 Laboratoire de Structure et Dynamique par Résonance Magnétique, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique , Saclay France

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4:00 PM -
BREAK

4:30 PM - **OO10.4/MM10.4
Identifying and Quantifying Actinide Radiation Damage in Ceramics with Radiological Magic-Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Ian Farnan 1 , Herman Cho 2 , William Weber 2
1 Earth Sciences, Cambridge University, Cambridge United Kingdom, 2 EMSL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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5:00 PM - **OO10.5/MM10.5
A Review of the Contributions of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy to Actinide Science.

Lynn Boatner 1
1 MSTD, Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States

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5:30 PM - **OO10.6/MM10.6
Rotating Microdetectors for Nuclear Magnetic Studies of Radioactive Materials.

Dimitris Sakellariou 1
1 DSM/DRECAM/SCM/LSDRM, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette France

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2006-11-30   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Kerri Blobaum Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Elaine Chandler Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ladislav Havela Charles University
M. Brian Maple University of California-San Diego
Mary Neu Los Alamos National Laboratory
OO11: Nuclear Waste and Fuels
Session Chairs
Kerri Blobaum
Thursday AM, November 30, 2006
Hampton (Sheraton)

9:30 AM - **OO11.1
Effects of Alpha Decay in Waste Forms for Immobilization of Actinides.

William Weber 1
1 Fundamental Science Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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10:00 AM - OO11.2
The Impact of Uranium Mineralogy on Np Mobility in a Geological Repository.

Peter Burns 1 2 , Kate Skog 1 , Meghan Crowley 1 , Amanda Klingensmith 1
1 Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States, 2 Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States

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10:30 AM - OO11.4
Nano-structured Fuel for Nuclear Kinematics Based Separation and Isotopic Production.

Liviu Popa-Simil 1
1 , LAVM Inc., Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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