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News & Publications

Study Identifies an Optimum Molecular Composition for Concrete

Materials Research SocietyGreener concrete 220

A new study published in Nature Communications uses database modeling and a combinatorial approach to isolate the perfect molecular make-up of concrete, pointing toward a greener, stronger concrete.

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A Battery Charged by the Sun

Materials Research SocietyFig 3 tiff 220

A device that combines a rechargeable battery with a photoelectrode could help bring down the cost of residential solar-power systems by as much as 25 percent. Researchers at Ohio State University call this device, the first of its kind known, a solar battery.

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Rodney S. Ruoff Awarded 2014 David Turnbull Lectureship

Materials Research SocietyRuoff 220

The Materials Research Society’s David Turnbull Lectureship Award recognizes the career of a scientist who has made outstanding contributions to understanding materials phenomena and properties through research, writing, and lecturing, as exemplified by the late David Turnbull of Harvard University. This year's award will honor Rodney S. Ruoff, Director of the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM) at the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) and Distinguished Professor at the Ulsan National Institute of Science & Technology (UNIST) for "pioneering discoveries related to carbon materials and their innovative preparation, characterization, and mechanics." The award will be presented at the 2014 MRS Fall Meeting Awards Ceremony in Boston on Wednesday, December 3, and Ruoff will deliver the David Turnbull Lecture on December 4.

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Abstract Submission for the 2015 MRS Spring Meeting Ends October 23

Materials Research Society

The abstract submission period for the 2015 MRS Spring Meeting will remain open through October 23.

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US DoD Competition to Launch New Manufacturing Institute

US Department of DefenseManufacturing photonics 220

President Barack Obama has announced an upcoming competition, sponsored by the US Department of Defense (DoD), that will provide an award of up to $110 million in federal funds to launch an Institute for Manufacturing Innovation, or IMI, whose work involves photonics—the science and engineering applications of light.

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Rodney S. Ruoff Awarded the 2014 David Turnbull Lectureship

Materials Research SocietyRuoff 220

The Materials Research Society’s David Turnbull Lectureship Award recognizes the career of a scientist who has made outstanding contributions to understanding materials phenomena and properties through research, writing, and lecturing, as exemplified by the late David Turnbull of Harvard University. This year's award will honor Rodney S. Ruoff, Director of the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM) at the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) and Distinguished Professor at the Ulsan National Institute of Science & Technology (UNIST) for "pioneering discoveries related to carbon materials and their innovative preparation, characterization, and mechanics." The award will be presented at the 2014 MRS Fall Meeting Awards Ceremony in Boston on Wednesday, December 3, and Ruoff will deliver the David Turnbull Lecture on December 4.

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2014 MRS Fall Meeting Registration Open

Materials Research Society

Registration for the 2014 MRS Fall Meeting is now open! Register online, or download the preregistration form and register via fax, phone or mail. Preregistration deadline is 5 p.m. (ET), November 14, 2014.

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Crumpled Graphene Paper Could Power Future Stretchable Electronic Devices

Materials Research Societycrumpled paper 220

A research team led by engineer Xuanhe Zhao of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has now created stretchable, high-performance supercapacitor electrodes out of crumpled graphene paper.

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Hydrogel Taps the Sun to Produce Hydrogen

Materials Research Societyhydrogel 220

Researchers have made a hydrogel that can harvest sunlight and produce hydrogen. The gel contains all the components necessary for the process: materials that absorb light, transport charge, and a catalyst that can use this charge to make hydrogen from water.

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Materials Research Society Announces Vice President and New Board Members for 2015

Materials Research SocietyAnseth kristi 220

MRS is proud to announce Kristi Anseth, University of Colorado, as the 2015 MRS Vice President/President Elect. In addition, five new members have been elected to the MRS Board of Directors—Charles T. Black, Karen L. Kavanagh, Christine Ortiz, Sabrina Sartori, and Anke Weidenkaff. All will begin their terms January 1, 2015.

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Surface Defects in Graphene-based Supercapacitors to Blame for Power Inconsistencies

Materials Research SocietySupercap 220

Graphene supercapacitors hold considerable promise for applications such as energy boosters in electric cars. While a battery offers a continuous flow of energy, supercapacitors can send out a burst of energy when rapid acceleration is needed. However, graphene supercapacitors have shown power inconsistencies in laboratory studies, which make it difficult to fully predict how efficient a given supercapacitor might be. To uncover the source of the inconsistencies, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) carried out molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, which revealed that defects on the surface of the capacitors may carry the most blame.

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Microfluidics Assembled in a Snap

Materials Research SocietyJenna microfluidic 220

When electricity was discovered, scientists recognized a similarity between fluid in a pipe and electrons in a wire. Wire showed resistance to flow just as pipes do. Voltage in an electrical system was analogous to pressure in a fluidic system. Current was analogous to flow rate. Now, researchers at the University of Southern California, led by engineering professor Noah Malmstadt, are reversing the metaphor to standardize microfluidic design.

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Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner Receive 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesNobel 220

Eric Betzig of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stefan W. Hell of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, and German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, and William E. Moerner of Stanford University have been named by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to receive the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy.”

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New Zealand–Korea Strategic Research Partnership Fund Issue Call for Proposals

Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand

A call for proposals for the New Zealand – Republic of Korea (Korea) Strategic Research Partnership Fund opened on October 8, 2014 in the following areas: Advanced Technologies, Environment/Antarctica and Health. New Zealand’s Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) are jointly responsible for the funding decisions.

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Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura Receive 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

The Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesNobel 220

Isamu Akasaki of Meijo University, Hiroshi Amano of Nagoya University, and Shuji Nakamura of the University of California, Santa Barbara have been named by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to receive the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.”

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Mussels Inspire New Strong Underwater Adhesives

Materials Research SocietyBennington 220

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have designed a waterproof glue that utilizes sticky proteins from mussels and bacterial proteins found in biofilms (slimy films of bacteria that adhere to surfaces). The new material’s adhesive energies are 1.5 times greater than the strongest bio-inspired, protein-based underwater adhesives reported in the literature to date, the researchers say.

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NASA Stardust Collector reveals mineral and structure make-up of particles

US Naval Research LaboratoryNASA 220

US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) research physicist Rhonda Stroud and materials engineer Nabil Bassim are part of an international preliminary examination team, led by Andrew Westphal at the University of California at Berkeley, that has spent the last six years analyzing samples from the NASA Stardust Interstellar Dust Collector in order to identify captured interstellar particles.

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Challenges remain to accessing US federal helium reserves

Materials Research Society/MRS Bulletin Feature Helium 220

An international helium shortage was narrowly avoided last fall with the passage of the Helium Stewardship Act (HSA) of 2013 (reported in the December 2013 issue of the MRS Bulletin). Helium is an important non-renewable resource that is used in a variety of industries, and is especially important to materials researchers because of its use in cryogenic and other scientific applications. The community of scientific and industrial helium users supported the passage of the bill in the hopes that it would minimize price fluctuations and shortages to effectively stabilize the helium market. While there is no question that the HSA averted a helium crisis, nearly a year after its passage it is clear that some hurdles still need to be overcome.

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Nano Focus: Electrostatic control achieved in block copolymers through morphology

Materials Research Society/MRS BulletinNjoroge 220

Researchers Charles E. Sing, Jos W. Zwanikken, and Monica Olivera de la Cruz from Northwestern University have used a theoretical model to demonstrate that the distribution of charge on the blocks comprising block copolymer systems can be used to manipulate the copolymer through inducement of an array of nanostructures.

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Minister Pandor to start Sasol Solar Challenge

Sasol

Naledi Pandor, Minister of Science and Technology, will start the Sasol Solar Challenge race in Pretoria on Saturday, September 27, 2014. The Sasol Solar Challenge is an eight-day race for solar-powered cars, which are built by participating teams (who must also design their own engineering systems) and driven on various types of roads throughout South Africa.

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