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2010 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

November 29-December 3, 2010 | Boston
Meeting Chairs
: Ana Claudia Arias, Robert F. Cook, Clemens Heske, Shu Yang

Symposium TT : In Situ X-Ray Synchrotron Radiation Spectroscopies in Energy-Related Materials Science and Heterogeneous Catalysis

2010-11-30   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Jinghua Guo Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Hendrik Bluhm Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Michael Haevecker Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society
Shu Yamaguchi University of Tokyo
TT1: Nanoparticles and Catalysts
Session Chairs
Lionel Vayssieres
Tuesday AM, November 30, 2010
Hampton (Sheraton)

9:30 AM - **TT1.1
In-situ Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy of Catalytic Solids and Nanomaterials.

Frank de Groot 1 , Emiel de Smit 1 , Matti van Schooneveld 1 , Luis Aramburo 1 , Bert Weckhuysen 1
1 Chemistry, Utrecht University, Utrecht Netherlands

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10:00 AM - TT1.2
The Study of d-band Structure of the Gold Nano-clusters Supported on Amorphous Carbon.

Anton Visikovskiy 1 , Hisashi Matsumoto 1 , Kei Mitsuhara 1 , Tomoki Akita 2 , Yoshiaki Kido 1
1 Department of Physics, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan, 2 , National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ikeda, Osaka, Japan

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10:15 AM - TT1.3
Electronic Structure and Optical Activity of Original Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized By Laser Pyrolysis.

Nathalie Herlin Boime 1 , Pardis Simon 1 , Bruno Pignon 1 , Baoji Miao 1 , Anne Marie Flank 3 , Sylvie Marguet 1 , Servane Coste Leconte 2 , Yann Leconte 1 , Cecile Reynaud 1
1 Service des Photons, Atomes et Molécules, Laboratoire Francis Perrin , CEA, Gif/Yvette cedex France, 3 LUCIA Beam line, Synchrotron Soleil, BP48, 91192 Gif/Yvette cedex France, 2 INSTN-UESMS, CEA, Gif/Yvette cedex France

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10:30 AM - TT1.4
In situ Real-time X-ray Diffraction Study of Metallic Nanocatalyst Growth and Phase Transformations.

Oana Malis 1 , D. Mott 2 , B. Wanjala 2 , J. Luo 2 , C. Zhong 2
1 Physics Dept., Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 2 Chemistry Dept., Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York, United States

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10:45 AM - TT1.5
Environment Controlled De-wetting Kinetics of Rh-Pd Bilayer/Alloy Thin Films on Silica: A Physical Approach to Synthesize Core-shell Nanoparticles.

Gintautas Abrasonis 1 , Sebastian Wintz 1 , Maciej Liedke 1 , Funda Aksoy 2 , Zhi Liu 2 , Karsten Kuepper 3 , Matthias Krause 1
1 Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden Germany, 2 Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 3 Institut für Festkörperphysik, Universität Ulm, Ulm Germany

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11:00 AM -
BREAK

TT2: Fuel Cell
Session Chairs
Sergei Butorin
Tuesday AM, November 30, 2010
Hampton (Sheraton)

11:30 AM - **TT2.1
In-situ Soft X-ray Characterization of Electrochemical Interfacial Processes in Energy Storage/Conversion Devices.

Farid El Gabaly 1
1 , Sandia National Labs, Berkeley, California, United States

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12:00 PM - **TT2.2
Rate Determining Step of SOFC Cathode Reaction Studied by in situ Electrochemical X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy.

Yoshiharu Uchimoto 1 , Koji Amezawa 2 , Yuki Orikasa 1 , Tatsuya Kawada 2
1 Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan, 2 Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

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12:30 PM - TT2.3
Synchrotron X-ray Study of Strontium-doped Lanthanum Manganite (LSM) Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode under Operating Temperature and Pressure.

Jacob Davis 1 , Lincoln Miara 1 , Soumendra Basu 1 , Srikanth Gopalan 1 , Uday Pal 1 , Karl Ludwig 1 , Laxmikant Saraf 2 , Tiffany Kaspar 2
1 Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 2 Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States

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TT3: Water Splitting
Session Chairs
Shu Yamaguchi
Tuesday PM, November 30, 2010
Hampton (Sheraton)

2:30 PM - **TT3.1
In-situ Soft X-ray Spectroscopy of Materials for Electrochemical Water Splitting.

Lothar Weinhardt 1
1 Experimentelle Physik VII, University of Würzburg, Würzburg Germany

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3:00 PM - TT3.2
In situ Soft X-ray Spectroscopy Investigation of Electrochemical Reaction.

Peng Jiang 1 , Jeng-Lung Chen 1 2 , Ferenc Borondics 1 , Per-Anders Glans 1 , Mark West 1 , Ching-Lin Chang 2 , Miquel Salmeron 1 , Jinghua Guo 1
1 , LBNL, Berkeley, California, United States, 2 Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui Taiwan

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3:15 PM - **TT3.3
Structural and Electronic Characterization of High-performance Hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) for Solar Water Splitting.

Kevin Sivula 1 , Michael Gratzel 1
1 , Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne Switzerland

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3:45 PM - TT3.4
Ultra Small Angle X-ray Scattering Studies to Devise Nanostructuring Strategies for Hydrogen Storage Materials.

Shathabish NaraseGowda 1 , Jan Ilavsky 2 , Tabbetha Dobbins 1
1 Institute for Micromanufacturing, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana, United States, 2 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, Illinois, United States

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4:00 PM -
BREAK

TT4: Heterogeneous Catalysts I
Session Chairs
Frank de Groot
Tuesday PM, November 30, 2010
Hampton (Sheraton)

4:30 PM - **TT4.1
Revealing Dynamical and Chemical Processes in X-ray Absorption Spectra of Molecules and Condensed Phases from First-principles.

David Prendergast 1
1 Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States

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5:00 PM - TT4.2
In-Situ EXAFS and DFT Studies of a Model Heterogeneous Catalyst: WOx/α-Fe2O3.

Martin McBriarty 1 2 , Zhenxing Feng 1 2 , Joseph Libera 3 , Donald Ellis 2 4 5 , Michael Bedzyk 1 2 3
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States, 2 Institute for Catalysis in Energy Processes, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States, 3 Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 4 Department of Physics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States, 5 Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States

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5:15 PM - **TT4.3
CO Adsorption on PtRu/Ru(0001) Near Surface Alloys Using Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy.

David Starr 1 , Hendrik Bluhm 2
1 Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States, 2 Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States

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5:45 PM - TT4.4
Differences on Stability of Cu-based Industrial Catalysts for the Water-gas shift Reaction Probed by in-situ Time-resolved Synchrotron Techniques.

Daniela Zanchet 1 , Cristiane Rodella 1 , Daniela Oliveira 1 , Marco Logli 2 , Valeria Vicentini 2
1 , LNLS, Campinas Brazil, 2 , OXITENO Ind. e Com. S/A – GEDEC , Mauá Brazil

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TT5: Poster Session
Session Chairs
Hendrik Bluhm
Jinghua Guo
Tuesday PM, November 30, 2010
Exhibition Hall D (Hynes)

9:00 PM - TT5.10
Probing Structure and Diffusion in Semiconducting Polymer Blends with Synchrotron Radiation.

Paul Dastoor 1
1 Centre for Organic Electronics, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia

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9:00 PM - TT5.11
Microstructural Analysis of Hydrogen Absorption in 2NaH+MgB2 System.

Christopher Nwakwuo 1 , Claudio Pistidda 2 , Martin Dornheim 2 , John Hutchison 1 , John Sykes 1
1 Materials, Oxford University, Oxford United Kingdom, 2 Materials Technology, GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht Germany

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9:00 PM - TT5.2
Noble Metal Nanoparticle-loaded Mesoporous Metal Oxide Microspheres for Catalytic Applications.

Zhao Jin 1 , Jianfang Wang 1
1 , The Chinese Universtiy of Hong Kong, Hong Kong China

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9:00 PM - TT5.3
A Reaction Path for CO Oxidation on TiO2(110) and Au/TiO2(110).

Kei Mitsuhara 1 , Hideki Okumura 1 , Anton Visikovskiy 1 , Yoshiaki Kido 1
1 Physics, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu Japan

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9:00 PM - TT5.4
Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Nb-doped TiO2 Layers for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells with Improved Performance.

Tsvetkov Nikolay 1 , Liudmila Larina 1 2 , Oleg Shevaleevskiy 3 , Byung Tae Ahn 1
1 National Research Center for Photovoltaic Materials, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejon Korea (the Republic of), 2 Center for NanoInterface Technology, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejon Korea (the Republic of), 3 Solar Energy Conversion Laboratory, Institute of Biochemical Physics RAS, Moscow Russian Federation

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9:00 PM - TT5.5
Milli Fluidic Reactor Systems for Gold Nano Cluster Synthesis– Bridge Between Bulk and Micro Fluidic Systems.

Vanga Reddy 1 , Dawit Yemani 1 , Jost Goettert 1 , Yuehao Li 2 , Nanda Kumar Krishnaswamy 2 , Ashwin Sanampudi 1 2 , Challa Kumar 1
1 Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 2 Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States

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9:00 PM - TT5.9
Electronic Properties at C60/Copper Phthalocyanine/MoO3 Interfaces.

Sang Wan Cho 1 , L. Piper 1 , A. DeMasi 1 , A. Preston 1 , K. Smith 1 , K. Chauhan 2 , R. Hatton 2 , T. Jones 2
1 Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 2 Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry United Kingdom

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2010-12-01   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Jinghua Guo Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Hendrik Bluhm Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Michael Haevecker Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society
Shu Yamaguchi University of Tokyo
TT6: Electrochemistry
Session Chairs
Wednesday AM, December 01, 2010
Fairfax B (Sheraton)

9:30 AM - **TT6.1
Electronic Structures of non-Pt Carbon Alloy Catalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Revealed by Synchrotron Radiation Analysis.

Masaharu Oshima 1
1 Applied Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo Japan

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10:00 AM - TT6.2
Soft X-ray Spectroscopic Study of Strontium-doped Lanthanum Manganite (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3) Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications

Louis Piper 1 , Andrew Preston 1 , Sang-Wan Cho 1 , Bo Chen 1 , Jude Laverock 1 , Kevin Smith 1 , Lincoln Miara 2 , Jacob Davis 2 , Soumendra Basu 2 , Uday Pal 2 , Srikanth Gopalan 2 , Laxmikant Saraf 3 , Tiffany Kasper 3 , Per-Anders Glans 4 , Jinghua Guo 4
1 Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston , Massachusetts, United States, 2 Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Boston , Massachusetts, United States, 3 Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States, 4 Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States

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10:15 AM - **TT6.3
Lithium Ion Batteries – a Challenge For in situ Characterisation.

Torbjorn Gustafsson 1 , Kristina Edstrom 1
1 Materials Chemistry, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden

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10:45 AM - TT6.4
In situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy of the Oxygen K edge in a Lithiated Transition Metal Oxide Battery.

Cole Petersburg 1 , Robert Daniel 1 , Faisal Alamgir 1 , Cherno Jaye 2 3 , Daniel Fischer 2 3
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 2 Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States, 3 National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States

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11:00 AM -
BREAK

TT7: Nanomaterials
Session Chairs
Jinghua Guo
Wednesday AM, December 01, 2010
Fairfax B (Sheraton)

11:30 AM - **TT7.1
Quantum Rods and Dots-based Structures and Devices: Low Cost Aqueous Synthesis and Bandgap Engineering for Solar Hydrogen and Solar Cells Applications.

Lionel Vayssieres 1
1 MANA, NIMS, Tsukuba Japan

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12:00 PM - TT7.2
Generation of Pd Model Catalyst Nanoparticles by Spark Discharge.

Maria Messing 1 , Rasmus Westerstrom 2 , Bengt Meuller 1 , Sara Blomberg 2 , Johan Gustafson 2 , Jesper Andersen 2 , Edvin Lundgren 2 , Richard van Rijn 3 4 , Olivier Balmes 3 , Hendrik Bluhm 5 , Knut Deppert 1
1 Solid State Physics, Lund University, Lund Sweden, 2 Synchrotron Radiation Research, Lund University, Lund Sweden, 3 , ESRF, Grenoble France, 4 Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Leiden University, Leiden Netherlands, 5 Chemical Sciences, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States

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12:15 PM - **TT7.3
Optical Property of Semiconductor Nanowires Studied by Synchrotron Induced X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence.

Wenjun Zhang 1 2 , Xuhui Sun 1 , Xintai Zhou 3 , Richard Rosenberg 4 , Tsun-Kong Sham 5
1 , The City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Hong Kong, 2 Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, Suzhou China, 3 , Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Shanghai China, 4 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 5 Department of Chemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

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12:45 PM - TT7.4
Subnanometer Size-Selected Cobalt and Nickel Cluster Based Nanomaterials for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis.

Stefan Vajda 1 2 , Sungsik Lee 3 , Byeongdu Lee 3 , Soenke Seifert 3 , Jeffrey Elam 4 , Michael Pellin 5 , Randall Winans 3
1 Materials Science Division and Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 3 X-ray Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 4 Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 5 Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States

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TT8: Heterogeneous Catalysts II
Session Chairs
Hendrik Bluhm
Wednesday PM, December 01, 2010
Fairfax B (Sheraton)

2:30 PM - **TT8.1
In-situ Photoelectron Spectroscopy and its Applications in Energy Research.

Zhi Liu 1 , Michael Grass 1
1 Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, California, United States

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3:00 PM - TT8.2
Three-dimensional Atomic Structure of Supported Nanoparticles Determined by Complementary in situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy.

Long Li 1 , Lin-Lin Wang 2 , Zhongfan Zhang 1 , Sergio Sanchez 3 , Joo Kang 3 , Ralph Nuzzo 3 , Qi Wang 4 , Anatoly Frenkel 4 , Duane Johnson 2 , Beatriz Roldan Cuenya 5 , Jason Croy 5 , Simon Mostafa 5 , Farzad Behafarid 5 , Judith Yang 1
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States, 3 Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States, 4 Department of Physics, Yeshiva University, New York, New York, United States, 5 Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States

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3:15 PM - TT8.3
WITHDRAWN 12/27/10 Ni-Substituted Ba-β-Alumina Solid Oxide Catalysts: Structural and Performance Characteristics during CO2-CH4 Reforming.

Todd Gardner 1 , Edwin Kugler 2 , James Spivey 3 , Victor Abdelsayed 1
1 , National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States, 2 , West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States, 3 , Lousiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States

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3:30 PM - TT8.4
A Simple Strategy for Obtaining Au38 Clusters Stabilized by Different Thiols.

Daniel Stellwagen 1 2 , Andrew Weber 1 , Challa Kumar 1
1 Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 2 Chemistry, Utrecht University , Utrecht Netherlands

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3:45 PM - TT8.5
Studies of CO Adsorption on Supported Catalysts by Combination of Quick XAFS/Rapid-Scan DRIFTS.

Qi Wang 1 , Nebojsa Marinkovic 1 , Laura Barrio 2 , Chana Cooper 3 , Anatoly Frenkel 3
1 Synchrotron Catalysis Consortium, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, United States, 2 Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States, 3 Physics Department, Yeshiva University, New York, New York, United States

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4:00 PM -
BREAK

TT9: Charge Transfer
Session Chairs
David Prendergast
Wednesday PM, December 01, 2010
Fairfax B (Sheraton)

4:30 PM - **TT9.1
Visualizing Photoinduced Ligation and Interfacial Charger Transfer Using X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy.

Lin Chen 1 2
1 Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States, 2 Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States

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5:00 PM - TT9.2
Shining the X-rays on the Pt:SnO2 Based Gas Sensors in Operando Conditions.

Michael Huebner 3 , Dorota Koziej 1 2 , Nicolae Barsan 3 , Matthias Bauer 4 , Kristina Kvashnina 5 , Marta Rossel 2 , Udo Weimar 3 , Jan-Dierk Grunwaldt 4
3 Institute of Physical Chemistry, Univeristy of Tuebingen, Tuebingen Germany, 1 , Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 2 Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Zurich Switzerland, 4 Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe Germany, 5 , European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble France

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5:15 PM - **TT9.3
Electronic Structure of Actinide Materials Probed by Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering Spectroscopy.

Sergei Butorin 1
1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden

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5:45 PM - TT9.4
Soft X-ray Synchrotron Radiation Studies of Materials for Nuclear Energy.

David Shuh 1 , Per-Anders Glans 1 , Jinghua Guo 1 , Tolek Tyliszczak 1 , Sergei Butorin 2 , Kristina Kvashnina 2 , Joseph Nordgren 2 , Lars Werme 2 , Tsuyoshi Yaita 3
1 , LBNL, Berkeley, California, United States, 2 , Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden, 3 , JAEA, Hyogo Japan

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