Anisotropic carbon nanomaterials, such as graphite, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and graphene oxides, possess unique physical properties. Over the years there have been significant research and development successes in variety of fields, including photonics, nano-electronics, energy, sensing, biology, and others. Overall, great efforts have been directed to find effective synthesis and novel applications of these earth-abundant and low-cost nanomaterials. This symposium will discuss recent progress and new frontiers in basic and applied research focusing on anisotropic carbon nanomaterials and their composites. Tentative attendees are materials scientists, chemists, toxicologists, engineers, biologists, medical physicians, business professionals, start-up entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, patent experts, incubator managers, and others.