Symposium FF02—2D Nanomaterials-Based Nanofluidics
Two dimensional (2-D) nanomaterials based nanofluidics is the study and application of fluid transport inside few-nanometer sized constrictions (e.g. nanopores, nanochannels and nanotubes) made in atomically smooth 2-D nanomaterials such as graphene, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), etc. This emerging research area displays unique transport phenomena such as ultrahigh liquid flow rates and molecular/ionic selectivity with potential applications in several technological areas including water purification/desalination, biological and chemical separations, energy storage/conversion, oil and natural gas extraction, biosensing and lab-on-a-chip devices. As the size of the nanoscale conduits approaches intermolecular distances, fluid flow is influenced by interfacial water ordering, surface charge and adsorption, as well as steric and hydration effects, which all lead to new and surprising phenomena. Advances in this area require highly interdisciplinary theoretical and experimental efforts involving nanofabrication, materials synthesis, interfacial chemistry, mass and energy transport. This symposium will bring together researchers working on these different experimental and theoretical aspects to promote an exchange of ideas and methods that will lead to a common understanding and further development of 2-D nanomaterials based nanofluidics.