Symposium MT07—Data Science and Automation to Accelerate Materials Development and Discovery
In many areas of materials research, reliable knowledge can only be gained by performing experiments. In these areas, the pace at which knowledge gained is highly dependent upon both the rate at which experiments can be completed and the choice of which experimental conditions to probe. Recently, automation and machine learning have become major players in both of these areas by accelerating the pace of experiments and choosing experiments in a manner that ensures the generation of new knowledge. While these approaches have already provided breakthroughs in fields ranging from nanomaterial growth, electronic property selection, and mechanical structure design, they have also unified a community of researchers through the uncovering of new challenges unique to these novel human-machine partnerships. While this community includes both active learning systems, those in which experiments are chosen and interpreted by machine learning, and autonomous research systems, those in which experiments are also performed without human intervention, all systems have to address challenges regarding structuring the machine learning process, providing prior knowledge, incorporating uncertainty, and fruitfully leveraging the human-machine partnership. The symposium will highlight achievements and challenges from these fields of active and autonomous research ranging from the presentation of new materials discoveries made using such platforms to fundamental innovations in the development of machine-learning guided experiments.