This talk will present the next generation manufacturing of materials, going beyond the prediction of what to make and actually addressing how we can make them.
Advances in using computer vision and deep learning to automatically characterize materials is highlighted in this presentation. It will describe removing the need for tedious human evaluation of massive amounts of raw data to characterize materials
The talk will describe the use of machine learning in conjunction with modeling at multiple scales for the design of better batteries.
Hideo Hosono, Tokyo Institute of Technology, has for decades been at the forefront of semiconductor and superconductor materials discovery. Hear the exciting results of his newest efforts on wide-band gap semiconductors for display, lighting
and solar energy conversion technologies.
Much of the exciting research at the MRS Spring Meeting in the area of electronic materials is founded on the assumption that new semiconductors are needed for better function and expanded applications. We will explore this assumption
in a panel discussion titled "Why new semiconductors?" The panel will include world-leading experts in semiconductor materials discovery and design.
Carbon dioxide reduction is critical to counter the climate crisis. This presentation will provide perspectives and state-of-the-art results on the development of photocatalysts for CO2 reduction.
State-of-the-art results on an in-situ study and development of a CO2 catalyst with high selectivity will be described.
State-of-the-art results on solar water splitting devices will be discussed, especially those based on metal oxides.
This talk will describe the combination of photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic systems for the production of chemical fuels.
Four distinguished panelists will share their vision with the audience on the topic of beyond Li-ion batteries through short presentations that are followed by a panel discussion. Next generation Li, Na, K and Zn ion
batteries will be discussed in this two-hour panel session with a particular focus on advanced cathode, anode and electrolyte concepts and designs. The audience will have the opportunity to directly interact with
- M. Stanley Whittingham: Li Batteries for Energy Storage to Green the Environment—Is there another battery alternative?
- Shinichi Kimoba: Sodium and Potassium Chemistry for Batteries
- Christopher Johnson: Calendar Life of Si anodes in LIBs: Time is Ticking
- Debra Rolison: The Case for Zinc.
Redox-active metal oxides find use as materials for both thermochemical energy storage for Concentrated Solar Power and water/carbon dioxide splitting to renewably produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide, the building
blocks of hydrocarbon fuels. The chemistries are of increasing interest due to their potential for high efficiency utilization of the sun, economic competitiveness for clean energy, and most recently as a role
in achieving negative emissions and closing the carbon cycle. This presentation will discuss thermodynamic requirements and opportunities presented by redox-active metal oxide thermochemistry and recent progress
towards developing the materials and cycles for thermochemical energy storage and CO2/H2O splitting.
Momentum is increasing globally to curtail fossil fuel use in order to mitigate climate change. “Green” hydrogen is emerging as an energy carrier and long term energy storage medium. This talk will
discuss activities within the US Department of Energy’s HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium (h2awsm.org) to discover oxides capable of splitting the water molecule under the extreme
conditions encountered in a concentrated solar powered process.
Recent reports on superconductivity in unstable hydrogen rich molecular compounds with a transition temperature Tc approaching room temperature represent the most exciting advancement in and possibly a dawn
of a new era in room temperature superconductivity (RTS) science and technology. However, a careful examination of these reports reveals the existence of a formidable hurdle to the full realization of
the dream of RT superconductors, namely the pressures needed. The ultrahigh pressures required to achieve the superconducting state and the ultrahigh pressure generators, such as the diamond anvil cells,
are a serious obstacle for RTS science and the practical deployment of RTS devices. This work will provide a path to stabilize at ambient temperature, the high pressure-induced high Tc phase in hydrides
by adapting the pressure-quench (PQ) technique recently developed by Chu et al. This was successfully demonstrated for HTS FeSe by capturing, at ambient temperature, the 39 K superconducting phase generated
under high pressure.
Anti-viral materials can help us win the fight against the current COVID-19 pandemic and similar future pandemics. This talk describes a new strategy for achieving this using designer DNA nanostructures
(DDNs) that can act as templates to display multiple binding motifs with precise spatial pattern-recognition properties. This approach was shown to confer exceptional potent viral inhibitory capabilities
against dengue virus (DENV) and SARS-CoV-2.
This talk will describe the development of a synthetic biology and materials-engineering based platform called Facile Accelerated Specific Therapeutic (FAST) for developing accelerated therapeutics
in less than a week. Such rational design and synthesis of therapeutics can accelerate development of effective therapies against multidrug-resistant (MDR) superbugs.
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) caused by superbugs poses a major threat to global public health. The researchers in this presentation have developed a one-step curable, covalent
antimicrobial coating, which can be applied to various surfaces such as cotton, plastic, polyurethane, surgical mask, apron, gloves. The coating displays excellent activity against drug resistant
bacteria, pathogenic fungi. Remarkably, this coating shows complete killing of human influenza viruses and is also being investigated for ability to inactivate SARS-CoV-2.
Polyurethanes are used in a wide range of applications. Developing new chemistries that allow producing these materials in a green way and with the required properties allowing for a diversity
of applications from adhesives to foams is critical. In this work, carbon dioxide is used as a resource to prepare such materials, as will be described.
Making renewable vinylic polymers is a principal challenge. This talk describes an approach to developing precision polymerization of plant-derived monomers in order to achieve specific