Symposium SM02—Progress in Open-Space Microfluidics—From Nanoscience, Manufacturing to Biomedicine
Microfluidics is the engineering discipline that deals with devices and phenomena related to minute amounts of fluids. Beyond traditional sealed microchannels, the open-space microfluidic devices combining with scanning probes enable localization of mass transfer/chemical processes on or near surfaces, providing new opportunities for handling, analyzing, and interacting with nanomaterials and living samples with a lot of freedom to end-users for new class of experiments. Examples include scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), fluidic force microscopy (FluidFM), capillary-based artificial nanopore, and various types of microfluidic probes (MFPs). In addition, the localized, continuous material supply on the surface through the open (i.e. pipette-accessible) fluidic apparatus has recently been utilized to develop high resolution (from micro to nano) additive manufacturing, e.g. 3D printing, for diverse functional materials (e.g. polymers, metals, ceramics, 2D materials) with programmed shapes and chemical compositions. The microfluidic-based 3D printing techniques has the potential to fabricate new concept 3D devices in electronics, photonics, and biomedicine. Therefore, the open-space microfluidics can give a broad impact on diverse fields such as materials science, chemistry, biophysics, energy science, and biomedicine. In this symposium, the latest developments on open-space microfluidic techniques and their practical applications to nanoscience and biomedicine will be discussed. The meeting will cover a broad range of analysis and fabrication methods.