Bistability in Electrically Writable Non-Volatile Polymer Memory Devices.

Dec 03, 2008 - 8:00 PM -  G12.9
Exhibition Hall D (Hynes)
Iulia Salaoru 1 , Shashi Paul 1
1 Emerging Technologies Research Centre, De Montfort University, Leicester United Kingdom
In recent years, interest in applications of organic materials in electronic devices (light emitting diodes, field effect transistors, solar cells), has increased rapidly. The advantages of organic materials are ease of processing, lower production costs and structural flexibility allowing achievement of the desired electrical and mechanical characteristics. Very recently, there have been demonstrations of the use of a blend of polymer and metal nano-particles and/or small organic molecules in memory devices [1-4]; such memory devices are called polymer devices (PMDs). These devices show two electrical conductance states (“high” and “low”) when voltage is applied, thus rendering the structures suitable for data retention. These two states can be viewed as the realisation of non-volatile electrical memory. There is always growing need to look for inexpensive, fast, high-density memory devices with longer retention times and PMDs do qualify some of these aforesaid criteria. Albeit, there is a rapid development in this area but the memory mechanism is still unclear. This work attempts to analyse memory effect in PMDs and propose a theory based on experimental data.

The thin films of blends of polymer (polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol and polystyrene) and small organic molecules were deposited by spin coating onto a glass substrate marked with thin metal tracks and a top contact was evaporated onto the blend after drying - this resulted in a metal-organic-metal (MOM) structure. MOM devices with different metal electrodes (a series of metals with different work functions Al, In,Cu,Cr, Ag and Au) were used to understand the exact electrical transport mechanism through the blend and the individual polymers. An in-depth electrical analysis of these MOM devices is carried out using an HP4140B picoammeter (current-voltage) and an LCR HP4192 bridge. The FTIR and UV-VIS spectroscopy were also conducted, in order to understand blend properties and the effect of the same, if any, on the electrical charging mechanism in the PMDs.
[1] S.Paul, A.Kanwal, M.Chhowalla, Nanotechnology, 17, (2006),145-151.
[2] ] C.W.Chu, J.Ouyang, J.H.Tseng, Y.Yang, Adv.Mater., 17, (2005), 1440.
[3] S Paul, IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, 6, (2007), 191-195.
[4] D.Prime and S.Paul, Mater.Res.Soc.Symp.Proc., 0997-I03-01, (2007).