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2007 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

November 26 - 30, 2007  | Boston
Meeting Chairs:
 Duane Dimos, Mary Galvin, David Mooney, Konrad Samwer

Symposium R : Life Cycle Analysis for New Energy Conversion and Storage Systems

2007-11-26   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Vasilis M. Fthenakis Columbia University and Brookhaven National Laboratory
Anne C. Dillon National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Nora Savage U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
R1: PV Energy Conversion
Session Chairs
Vasilis Fthenakis
Nora Savage
Monday PM, November 26, 2007
Room 301 (Hynes)

10:00 AM - **R1.1
Reduction of Environmental Impacts in Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Technology – An Analysis of Driving Forces and Opportunities.

Erik Alsema 1 , Mariska De Wild-Scholten 2
1 Copernicus Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht Netherlands, 2 Unit Solar Energy, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, Petten Netherlands

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10:30 AM - **R1.2
Key Projections on Future PV Performance, Market Penetration and Costs, with Special Reference to CdTe and Other Thin Film Technologies.

Marco Raugei 1 , Paolo Frankl 2
1 , Ambiente Italia Research Institute, Rome Italy, 2 , International Energy Agency, Paris France

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11:00 AM - R1:Photovoltaics
BREAK

11:30 AM - R1.3
Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaics – Update of the Ecoinvent Database.

Niels Jungbluth 1 , Roberto Dones 2
1 , ESU-services Ltd., Uster Switzerland, 2 , Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI Switzerland

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11:45 AM - R1.4
Comparative Life-cycle Analysis of Photovoltaics Based on Nano-materials: A Proposed Framework.

Sandra Gualtero 1 , Rob van der Meulen 1 , Hyung Chul Kim 2 , Vasilis Fthenakis 1 2
1 Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States, 2 PV EH&S Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States

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12:00 PM - **R1.5
Photovoltaic Panels Performance Assessment.

Antonia Moropoulou 1 , John Palyvos 1 , Maria Karoglou 1 , Panagopoulos Vasilis 1
1 School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens Greece

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R2: Nanomaterials and Hydrogen Storage
Session Chairs
Anne Dillon
Nora Savage
Monday PM, November 26, 2007
Room 301 (Hynes)

2:30 PM - **R2.1
Nano-Structured Materials to Address Challenges of the Hydrogen Initiative.

Mildred Dresselhaus 1 2
1 EECS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 2 Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

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3:00 PM - **R2.2
Low-Pressure, High-Capacity Storage of Alternative Fuels in Nanoporous Biocarbon: Natural Gas and Hydrogen.

Peter Pfeifer 1 , Jacob Burress 1 , Mikael Wood 1 , Sarah Barker 1 , John Flavin 1 , Cintia Lapilli 1 , Galen Suppes 2 , Parag Shah 2 , Phil Buckley 3 , Darren Radke 3 , Mike Benham 4
1 Department of Physics, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States, 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States, 3 , Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 4 , Hiden Isochema Ltd., Warrington United Kingdom

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3:30 PM - **R2.3
Impact of Coordinatively Unsaturated Metal Sites of MOFs on H2 Affinity and Surface Packing Density.

Yun Liu 1 2 , Houria Kabbour 3 , Craig Brown 1 4 , Dan Neumann 1 , Channing Ahn 3
1 NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States, 2 Department of Materials and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States, 3 Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States, 4 Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States

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4:00 PM - R2:Nano-H2
BREAK

4:30 PM - **R2.4
Energy and Environmental Issues Associated with Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage.

Jason Graetz 1 , James Wegrzyn 1 , James Reilly 1
1 Energy Sciences and Technology, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States

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5:00 PM - **R2.5
Science and Prospects of Using Nanoporous Materials for Energy Absorption.

Xi Chen 1 , Yu Qiao 2
1 Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States, 2 Structural Engineering, University of California, San Diego, California, United States

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5:30 PM - **R2.6
Novel Organometallic Fullerene Complexes for Vehicular Hydrogen Storage.

Erin Whitney 1 , Anne Dillon 1 , Chaiwat Engtrakul 1 , Calvin Curtis 1 , Kevin O'Neill 1 , Philip Parilla 1 , Lin Simpson 1 , Michael Heben 1 , Yufeng Zhao 1 , Yong-Hyun Kim 1 , Shengbai Zhang 1 , Kim Jones 1
1 , National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, United States

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R3: Poster Session: Life Cycle Analysis of New Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Session Chairs
Anne Dillon
Nora Savage
Tuesday AM, November 27, 2007
Exhibition Hall D (Hynes)

9:00 PM - R3.10
Effect of Water Vapor and SOx in Air on the Cathodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.

Seon Kim 1 , Toshihiro Ohshima 1 , Yusuke Shiratori 1 , Kohei Itoh 1 , Kazunari Sasaki 1 2
1 Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu university, Fukuoka Japan, 2 Hydrogen Technology Research Center, Kyushu University, Fukuoka Japan

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9:00 PM - R3.11
Compaction and Cold Crucible Induction Melting of Fine Poly Silicon Powders for Economical Production of Polycrystalline Silicon Ingot.

Daeseok Kim 1 , Jesik Shin 2 , Byungmoon Moon 2 , Bonghwan Kim 2 , Sangmok Lee 2 , Kiseung Park 2 , Kiyoung Kim 1
1 Material Engineering, KOREA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND EDCATION, Cheon-an Korea (the Republic of), 2 , Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, In-chon Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - R3.12
Enhanced Surface Area of Mutilwalled Carbon Nanotubes by using High Energy Ball Milling Method.

Wen-Feng Lu 1 , Chia-Feng Chang 1 , Yung-Ting Cho 1 , Tsing-Hai Wang 2 , Shi-Ping Teng 2 , Jiann-Ruey Chen 1
1 Dept. Material Science and Engineering, national tsing hua university, Hsinchu Taiwan, 2 Dept. Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu Taiwan

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9:00 PM - R3.2
Mechanical Effect on Oxygen Mobility in Yttria Stabilized Zirconia.

Wakako Araki 1 , Tadaharu Adachi 1
1 Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo Japan

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9:00 PM - R3.3
Efficiency Improvement of Biofuel Cell for High Power Production based on Pt nanostructure Electrodes.

Minhee Yun 1 , Hoil Park 1 , David Sanchez 2
1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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9:00 PM - R3.5
Chemically Deposited Sb2Se3 Anode for Thin Film Lithium Batteries.

Arun Patil 1 , Vaishali Patil 1 , Ji-Won Choi 1 , Seok-Jin Yoon 1
1 Thin Film Materials Research Centre, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - R3.6
Electrochemical and Structural Behavior of LiCoO2 Thin Films Produced with Pulsed Laser Deposition.

Vaishali Patil 1 , Arun Patil 1 , Ji-Won Choi 1 , Yoon Pyo Lee 2 , Seok – Jin Yoon 1
1 Thin Film Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul Korea (the Republic of), 2 Thermal / Flow control Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology , Seoul Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - R3.7
Application of Nanoporous Carbon Materials in Energy Related Applications.

Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan 1 , Henry Foley 1 , Christopher Burket 1 , Anna Merritt 1
1 , The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States

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9:00 PM - R3.8
Improvement of Rate Performance of LiCoO2 via Doping and Coating.

Chang-Sam Kim 1 , Seon Kim 3 , Kyung Han 2
1 Battery Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul Korea (the Republic of), 3 Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu university, Fukuoka Japan, 2 Material Science and Technology Division, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - R3.9
New Processes and Characterization of LiCoO2 Chemistries for Li-Ion Batteries.

Jafar Al-Sharab 1 , Fredric Cosandey 1 , Glenn Amatucci 1 , Boris Yakshansky 1 , Nathalie Pierra 1
1 Materials Science and Engineering, Rutgers University, Highland Park, New Jersey, United States

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9:00 PM - R3:LCA
R3.4 Transferred to R4.6

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2007-11-27   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Vasilis M. Fthenakis Columbia University and Brookhaven National Laboratory
Anne C. Dillon National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Nora Savage U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
R4: Environmentally Friendly Batteries
Session Chairs
Anne Dillon
Vasilis Fthenakis
Tuesday AM, November 27, 2007
Room 301 (Hynes)

10:00 AM - R4.1
A Novel High Capacity, Environmental Benign Energy Storage System: Super-iron Boride Battery.

Xingwen Yu 1 , Stuart Licht 2
1 Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 2 Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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10:15 AM - **R4.2
Metal Oxide Nanoparticles for Improved Lithium Ion Batteries.

Se-Hee Lee 1 , Rohit Deshpande 1 , Philip Parilla 1 , Erin Whitney 1 , Kim Jones 1 , A. Mahan 1 , Anne Dillon 1
1 , National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, United States

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10:45 AM - R4.3
Lithium Intercalation Capacity Of Mesoporous Titania Nanotube Arrays With Nitrogen Annealing Treatment.

Dawei Liu 1 , Peng Xiao 2 , Guozhong Cao 1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States, 2 Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing, Chongqing, China

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11:00 AM - R4: Batteries
BREAK

11:30 AM - R4.4
An Evolutionary Overview of the Vehicle Recycling Partnership's Research Addressing End of Life Vehicle Recycling Challenges.

Nakia Simon 1 2 , Candace Wheeler 3 2 , Claudia Duranceau 4 2
1 , DaimlerChrysler, Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States, 2 , Vehicle Recycling Partnership, Southfield, Michigan, United States, 3 , General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan, United States, 4 , Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan, United States

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11:45 AM - **R4.5
A Life Cycle Assessment of Converting Shredder Residue into Oil.

Candace Wheeler 1 2 , Nakia Simon 4 2 , Claudia Duranceau 3 2
1 , General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan, United States, 2 , Vehicle Recycling Partnership, Southfield, Michigan, United States, 4 , DaimlerChrysler, Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States, 3 , Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan, United States

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12:15 PM - R4.6
Effects of Processing Conditions and Sn Substitution in LiMn2O4 Thin Film Cathodes Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition.

Dong Wook Shin 1 2 , Ji-Won Choi 1 , Yong Soo Cho 2 , Seok-Jin Yoon 1
1 , Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul Korea (the Republic of), 2 , Yonsei University, Seoul Korea (the Republic of)

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R5: Energy LCA Methodology
Session Chairs
Vasilis Fthenakis
Nora Savage
Tuesday PM, November 27, 2007
Room 301 (Hynes)

2:30 PM - **R5.1
Life Cycle Assessment and External Costs of Future Fossil Technologies with and without Carbon Capture and Storage.

Roberto Dones 1 , Christian Bauer 1 , Thomas Heck 1 , Oliver Mayer-Spohn 2 , Markus Blesl 2
1 Laboratory of Energy Systems Analysis, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen PSI Switzerland, 2 IER, Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart Germany

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3:00 PM - R5.2
Integration of Land Use Aspects into Life Cycle Assessment at the Example of Biofuels.

Michael Held 1 , Ulrike Bos 1 , Michael Faltenbacher 2 , Sabine Deimling 2
1 Life cycle Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Echterdingen Germany, 2 , PE-International, Leinfelden Echterdingen Germany

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3:15 PM - R5.3
The Fuel Cycles of Electricity Generation: A Comparison of Land and Water Usage.

Hyung Chul Kim 1 , Vasilis Fthenakis 1
1 PV EH&S Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United States

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3:30 PM - R5:LCA
BREAK

4:00 PM - R5.4
Multi-criteria Decision Analysis and LCA: Applications under High Uncertainty.

Kristin Rogers 1 , Thomas Seager 2 , Igor Linkov 3
1 USDA Ecological Science and Engineering Research Fellow , Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 2 , Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York, United States, 3 , Intertox Inc., Brookline, Massachusetts, United States

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4:15 PM - **R5.5
Wise Energy Decisions--beyond LCA.

Lise Laurin 1
1 , EarthShift, Eliot, Maine, United States

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4:45 PM - **R5.6
Standing the Test of Time: Signals and Noise From Environmental Assessments of Energy Technologies.

Bjorn Sanden 1
1 Department of Energy & Enviroment, Chalmers Univ of Technology, Goteborg Sweden

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