2019 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

Symposium EN03-Green Electrochemical Energy Storage Solutions—Materials, Processes and Devices

The United Nations define a sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. However, the present technologies for electronic and energy storage devices, dominated by inorganic materials, have proven to lack sustainability since they generate colossal amounts of waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and cause rapid depletion of natural elements. In contrast, "green" or “bio-sourced” carbon-based materials and technologies are paramount avenues towards the ambitious target of sustainability in the electronic and energy storage fields. Presently, batteries are one of the main sources of WEEE, therefore new chemistries and technologies covering the entire supply chain for developing environmentally friendly batteries are in high demand. Reuse and recycling are key strategy to achieve a low environmental impact of batteries, and in general electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices. Substituting critical materials (precious and/or heavy metals) and using easy-to-recover chemicals (like ionic liquids), implementing new electrode and membrane production processes (e.g. aqueous processing of composite electrode, additive printing, electrospinning methods) will have an impact on energy storage carbon footprint. Newly designed batteries, that use of carbon-based biosourced redox-active electrode materials, natural binders and aqueous electrolytes, are expected to be biodegradable within dedicated waste management facilities. At the same time, this symposium aims to develop perspectives for future research directions in lithium-ion batteries (e.g., graphite-LiCoO2 system with organic electrolytes) with significantly higher specific energy, enhanced safety and excellent cycle life. Such batteries must be developed so that electric vehicles can become a viable replacement for gasoline and disel powered vehicles.

Topics will include:

  • Green batteries and supercapacitors
  • Organic batteries
  • Green electrolytes
  • Materials from bio-waste
  • Battery life cycle assessment
  • Biodegradable and compostable electrode materials
  • Second life and second use studies
  • Heavy metal-free electrode materials
  • Critical element-free electrode materials and electrolytes
  • Modeling of physicochemical processes in sustainable energy storage devices: electronic and ionic transport
  • Sustainable processes for electrode and membrane production
  • Direct utilization of elemental sulfur in the synthesis of advanced cathodes
  • Synthesis of silicon anodes from earth-abundant resources
  • Renewable biomass-derived materials for energy storage
  • Aqueous batteries

Invited Speakers:

  • Susan Odom (University of Kentucky, USA)
  • Chunmei Ban (Virginia Tech, USA)
  • Yi Cui (Stanford University, USA)
  • Liangbing Hu (University of Maryland, USA)
  • Yan Yao (University of Houston, USA)
  • Linda Nazar (University of Waterloo, Canada)
  • Fikile Brushett (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
  • David Mitlin (Clarkson University, USA)
  • Philippe Poizot (IMN, University of Nantes, France)
  • Yury Gogotsi (Drexel University, USA)
  • Daniel Guay (Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Canada)
  • Seung Woo Lee (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA)
  • Guosheng Li (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA)
  • Soojin Park (Pohang University of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea)
  • Stefano Passerini (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany)
  • Denis Rho (Canadian National Research Council, Canada)
  • Magda Titirici (Queen Mary, United Kingdom)
  • Jay Whitacre (Carnegie Mellon University, USA)

Symposium Organizers

Hongli Zhu
Northeastern University

Min-Kyu Song
Washington State University

Francesca Soavi
Università di Bologna

Clara Santato
Polytechnique Montreal

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