2019 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

Symposium SB01-Multifunctional Materials—From Conceptual Design to Application-Motivated Systems

Multifunctional materials are designed through prudent combinations of different functional capabilities. Each function contributes a distinct physical or chemical process that delivers system-level improvements beyond the status quo. For example, multifunctional materials could enable autonomous structures that can sense, diagnose and respond to external stimuli with minimal external intervention. In this way, adaptive structures could be realized, which reconfigure or readjust their functions in response to changes in their environment. Material systems can be equipped with shapes that adjust on-demand, as well as structural performance. Self-sustaining systems with structurally integrated capabilities for power harvesting, storage, and/or transmission might be achievable.

Novel functions can be created by virtual material design based on multiscale modelling approaches. The principles might be inspired by biology and could beenabled on different length scales. Manufacturing of multifunctional materials requires advanced methods including additive manufacturing or 3D/4D printing. The integration of functions can occur on different hierarchical organization levels ranging from the molecular to nano-, micro-, or even the macro-length scale. The design of mechanical, optical, and acoustic meta-materials illustrates the relevance of geometry in the creation of functions. The development of characterization methods corresponding to the different functions is essential for establishing structure-function relationships as the basis for knowledge-based design of multifunctional materials.

In this symposium all material classes and multimaterial systems with multifunctionality are considered. Special sessions of this symposiums will be devoted to the creation of stimuli-sensitivity and its integration into complex systems. Multifunctional materials are driving development in emerging application fields such as (soft) robotics, health technologies, flexible electronics and energy related technologies.

Joint Sessions are being considered with Symposium SB04—Hydrogel Materials—From Theory to Applications via 3D and 4D Printing.

Topics will include:

  • Programmed materials for multifunctionality, morphing and adaptivity
  • Shape-memory materials, responsive material actuators and smart structures
  • Sensing, self-diagnosis, degradability and self-healing in multifunctional materials
  • Stimuli-responsive hydrogels, (bio)polymers and liquid crystal elastomers that respond to e.g. pH, temperature, (bio)molecules, light, electrical, strain
  • Ferroelectric, magnetostrictive, and magnetoelectric materials
  • Energy harvesting and storage in multifunctional systems
  • Application-driven design of multifunctional materials with capabilities of intelligent systems
  • Characterization methods for functions and structures
  • Virtual material design, computational design, multiscale modelling and simulation
  • Soft robotics and electrically conductive soft or stretchable materials for force sensing, actuating, and electronics.
  • Multiscale advanced manufacturing, especially for hybrid materials, multi-material systems e.g. 3D/4D-Printing, additive manufacturing
  • Bionic principles for multifunctionality, bio-inspired design, and biomorphous materials design e.g. biologically derived adhesives
  • Mechanical, optical and acoustic meta-materials

Invited Speakers:

  • Zhiyuan He (Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)
  • Shin-Hyun Kim (Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea)
  • Guihua Yu (University of Texas at Austin, USA)
  • Philippe Poulin (Bordeaux University, France)
  • Rebecca Kramer-Bottiglio (Yale University, USA)
  • Yanlei Yu (Fudan University, China)
  • Dmitri Talapin (University of Chicago, USA)
  • Barbara Mazzolai (Center for Micro-BioRobotics IIT Pisa, Italy)
  • Zhigang Suo (Harvard University, USA)
  • Thomas Speck (Universität Freiburg, Germany)
  • Liang-Yin Chu (Sichuan University, China)
  • Stephen Craig (Duke University, USA)
  • Zhen Gu (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)
  • Christopher Lynch (University of California, Riverside, USA)
  • Mingming Ma (University of Science and Technology of China, China)
  • Marc Miskin (University of Pennsylvania, USA)
  • Eugene Terentjev (University of Cambridge, United Kingdom)
  • Richard Trask (University of Bristol, United Kingdom)

Symposium Organizers

Andreas Lendlein
University of Potsdam
Institute of Chemistry

Michael Dickey
North Carolina State University
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Ximin He
University of California, Los Angeles

Pablo Valdivia y Alvarado
Singapore University of Technology and Design

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