Meetings & Events

spring 1996 logo

1996 MRS Spring Meeting & Exhibit

April 8-12, 1996 | San Francisco
Meeting Chairs
: Thomas F. Kuech, Clifford L. Renschler, Chuang Chuang Tsai



Symposium V: Better Ceramics Through Chemistry VII Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials

Chairs

Garth L. Wilkes, Virginia Tech
Dale W. Schaefer, U.S. Department of Energy
Clement Sanchez, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie
Bradley Coltrain, Eastman Kodak Company

Symposium Support

Dow Corning Corporation
Midland Michigan

TUTORIAL
STV: SYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURE OF
HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC MATERIALS
Instructors: Clément Sanchez, Université Pierre et Marie Curie
Dale W. Schaefer, Sandia National Laboratories
Sunday, April 7, 7:30 - 11:00 P.M.
Marina E/F

*Rudiments of sol-gel chemistry
*Inorganic oxo-polymers generated into organic polymers
*Simultaneous formation of two interpenetrating networks
*Inorganically functionalized performed organic polymers
*Organically functionalized inorganic building blocks
*Design of hybrids made from heterofunctionnal precursors
*Introduction to structural analysis of complex materials
*Application of small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering to hybrids
*Structure property relationships
*Phase separation in dense hybrids
*Porosity in aerogels formed from hybrids

The control of the properties of materials through manipulation of chemical structure is the supreme accomplishment of polymer chemistry. Hybrid materials, consisting of two dissimilar phases, augment this strategy by adding tailored physical structure (phase separation, networking etc.) to the repertoire of tools available to the synthetic chemist. A new class of materials has emerged in which it is possible to optimize more than one material property. This Symposium Tutorial will present an introduction to the synthetic strategies used to generate hybrids and the methodologies used to elucidate their complex structure. The course will demonstrate how the interplay of chemical and physical processes can lead to a variety of microstructures that can be adjusted to generate desired properties.

*Invited Paper

SESSION VI: ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS BY
CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OR INTERCALATION
Chairs: Kenneth E. Gonsalves and C. Sanchez
Monday Morning, April 8
Marina E/F

8:30 A.M. *V1.1
HYRID SOLS AS INTERMEDIATES TO INORGANIC-ORGANIC NANOCOMPOSITES, Helmut Schmidt, Institut für Neue Mat., Saarbrücken, Germany.

9:00 A.M. *V1.2
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BRIDGED POLYSILSESQUIOXANE-POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANE NANOCOMPOSITES, Tamara A. Ulibarri, Douglas A. Loy, Susan Bates, Eric P. Black, Gregory M. Jamison, Sharon Myers, Roger A. Assink, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; and Kenneth J. Shea, University of California, Department of Chemistry, Irvine, CA.

9:30 A.M. *V1.3
SMALL MOLECULE ELIMINATION AS A STRATEGY TO PREPARE METAL OXIDE MATERIALS, Mark J. Hampden-Smith, University of New Mexico, Department of Chemistry and Center for Micro-Engineered Ceramics, Albuquerque, NM.

10:00 A.M. *V1.4
THERMOPLASTIC HYBRID MATERIALS: POLYHEDRAL OLIGOMERIC SILSESQUIOXANE (POSS) REAGENTS, LINEAR POLYMERS ALLOYS AND BLENDS, Joseph D. Lichtenhan, Phillips Laboratory, Propulsion Directorate, Edwards AFB, CA; Alan G. Bolf, Hughes STX, Phillips Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA; Kevin S. Scholsky, Winona State University, Department of Chemistry, Winona, MN; and Charles J. Noel, Ohio State University, Department of Consumer and Textile Sciences, Columbus, OH.

10:30 A.M. BREAK

11:00 A.M. *V1.5
A SYNTHETIC ANALOGUE OF THE BIOMINERALIZATION PROCESS, Patricia A. Bianconi, Elizabeth Cates and Jun Lin, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Chemistry, University Park, PA.

11:30 A.M. *V1.6
HYBRID STYRYL-BASED POLYHEDRAL OLIGOMERIC SILSESQUIOXANE (POSS) POLYMERS, Timothy S. Haddad, Eugene Choe and Joseph D. Lichtenhan, Phillips Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA.

SESSION V1: ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS
BY CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OR INTERCALATION (continued)
Chairs: E.P. Giannelis and Roger Assink
Monday Afternoon, April 8
Marina E/F

1:30 P.M. *V1.7
COMPETITION BETWEEN INTER-AND INTRAMOLECULAR CONDENSATION REACTION OF w-Bis(TRIETHOXYSILYL) ALKANES, Douglas A. Loy, Joseph Carpenter, Sharon A. Myers, Roger A. Assink, Properties of Organic Materials Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; James H. Small, John Greaves and Kenneth J. Shea, University of California, Department of Chemistry, Irvine, CA.

2:00 P.M. *V1.8
HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC SYSTEMS DERIVED FROM OXO ORGANOTIN NANOBUILDING BLOCKS, François O. Ribot, Frédéric Banse, Clément Sanchz, CNRS, Chimie de la Matiére Condensée, Paris, France.

2:30 P.M. *V1.9
STUDIES ON THE STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF CERAMIC/POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES, Kenneth E. Gonsalves, Xiaohe Chen, Sukun Zhang and Zhengchi Hou, University of Connecticut, Polymer Science Program at Institute of Materials Science and Department of Chemistry, Storrs, CT.

3:00 P.M. V1.10
NOVEL CARBOXY FUNCTIONALIZED SOL-GEL PRECURSOR, Herbert Wolter, Werner Storch and Carsten Gellermann, Frauhofer-Insdtitut für Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany.

3:15 P.M. BREAK

3:45 P.M. *V1.11
THERMODYNAMICS, KINETICS AND RHEOLOGY OF POLYMER NANCOMPOSITES, E.P. Giannelis, Cornell University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ithaca, NY.

4:15 P.M. V1.12
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDE INTERCALATES - COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENT AND COMPUTER SIMULATIONS, I.S. Bell, F. Kooli, University of Cambridge, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom; P.V. Coveney, Schlumberger Cambridge Research, High Cross, Cambridge, United Kingdom; and W. Jones, University of Cambridge, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

4:30 P.M. V1.13
NANOLAYER ORDERING IN EPOXY-EXFOLIATED CLAY HYBRID COMPOSITES, Tie Lan and Thomas J. Pinnavaia, Michigan State University, Center for Fundamental Materials Research, East Lansing, MI.

4:45 P.M. V1.14
SILICATE CLAY PLATELET DISPERSION IN A POLYMER MATRIX, C.D. Muzny, University of Colorado, Department of Physic, Boulder, CO; B.D. Butler, H.J.M. Hanley, NIST, Thermophysics Division, Boulder, CO; F. Tsvetkov, Solar Dynamics, Ashdod, Israel and D.G. Peiffer, Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, NJ.

SESSION V2: SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND
PROCESSING OF ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS
Chairs: Tamara A. Ulibarri and Bradley Coltrain
Tuesday Morning, April 9
Marina E/F

8:30 A.M. *V2.1
POLYMER-SILICA HYBRID MATERIALS PREPARED FROM SOME FUNCTIONALIZED POLYBENZOXAZOLES AND POLYBENZOBISTHIAZOLES, J. Premachandra, C. Kumudinie, W. Zhao, J.E. Mark, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; T.D. Dang, J.P. Chen and F.E. Arnold, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH.

9:00 A.M. *V2.2
STAR GELS, NEW HYBRID NETWORK MATERIALS FROM POLYFUNCTIONAL SINGLE COMPONENT PRECURSORS, Kenneth G. Sharp and Michael Michalczyk, E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., Central Research, Wilmington, DE.

9:30 A.M. V2.3
SOL-GEL KINETICS FOR THE PREPARATION OF INORGANIC/ORGANIC SILOXANE COPOLYMERS, Stephen Edward Rankin, Alon V. McCormick, Christopher W. Macosko, University of Minnesota, Chemical Engineering and Materials Department, Minneapolis, MN.

9:45 A.M. *V2.4
NMR CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CHEMICAL HOMOGENEITY IN SILOXANE-OXIDE MATERIALS, Florence Babonneau, Université Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Chimie de la Matière Condensée, Paris, France.

10:15 A.M. BREAK

10:45 A.M. V2.5
A COMPARISON OF THE PROCESSING CHARACTERISTICS OF TITANIA THIN FILMS PREPARED FROM ACETYLACETONE AND AMINE MODIFIED PRECURSORS, Robert W. Schwartz, R.S. DaSalla and T.A. Christenson, Sandia National Laboratories, Properties of Organic Materials Department, Albuquerque, NM.

11:00 A.M. V2.6
SYNTHESIS OF MESOPOROUS ZIRCONIA, J. Liu, A.Y. Kim and P.J. Bruinsma, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.

11:15 A.M. V2.7
MOLECULES WITH POLYMERISABLE LIGANDS AS PRECURSORS TO POROUS DOPED ORGANIC MATERIALS, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, N. Pajot, R. Papiernik, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France; and S. Parraud, CEA Centre d'Etudes de Limeil Valenton, Villeneuve Saint Georges, France.

11:30 A.M. *V2.8
ORGANIC-RICH HYBRID O/I SYSTEMS BASED ON ISOCYANATE CHEMISTRY, Jean-Pierre Pascault, INSA-CNRS, Villeurbanne, France; Sandrine Cuney, BSN, Givors, France; Jean-François Gerard and Gérard Vigier, INSA-CNRS, Villeurbanne, France.

SESSION V2: SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND
PROCESSING OF ORGANIC/INORGANIC
HYBRID MATERIALS (continued)
Chairs: Anthony Brennan and Jeffrey I. Zink
Tuesday Afternoon, April 9
Marina E/F

1:30 P.M. *V2.9
STRUCTURE/PROPERTY BEHAVIOR OF ORGANIC-INORGANIC SEMI-IPNS, Anthony Brennan and Thomas Miller, University of Florida, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Gainesville, FL.

2:00 P.M. *V2.10
METAL OXIDE/AMIDE POLYMER HYBRIDS, Takeo Saegusa, Kansai Research Institute, Kyoto, Japan.

2:30 P.M. BREAK

3:00 P.M. *V2.11
PREPARATION OF POLYIMIDE-SILICA HYBRID MATERIALS BY HIGH PRESSURE- SYNTHESIS, Masa-aki Kakimot, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Department of Organic and Polymeric Materials, Tokyo Japan.

3:30 P.M. V2.12
POLY(METHYL METHACRYLATE)-TITANIA HYBRID MATERIALS BY SOL-GEL PROCESSING, Jun Zhang, Shengcheng Luo and Linlin Gui, Peking University, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Beijing, China.

3:45 P.M. V2.13
A STUDY OF THE MOBILITY OF POLYMETHYLMETH-ACRYLATE-SILICON OXIDE IPNS WITH 2H NMR, Clare Grey, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Chemistry Department, Stony Brook, NY; and Kenneth Sharp, E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., Central Research Department, Wilmington, DE.

4:00 P.M. *V2.14
OPTICAL PROBES OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOL-GEL FILMS AND MONOLITHS, Jeffrey I. Zink, Bruce Dunn, B. Dave and F. Akbarian, University of California, Department of Chemistry and Department of Materials Science, Los Angeles, CA.

4:30 P.M. V2.15
TAILORING THE MICROSTRUCTURE OF POLYMIDE-SILICA MATERIALS USING THE SOL-GEL PROCESS, Monique Smaihi, Jean-Christophe Schrotter and Christian Guizard, LMPM UMR 9987 CNRS UM II, ENSCM, Montpellier, France.

4:45 P.M. V2.16
CERAMIC OXIDE FIBERS FROM SOL-GEL PRECURSORS, W. Glaubitt, A. Thierauf, F. Essl and D. Sporn, Fraunhofer-Institut Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany.

SESSION V3: ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID COATINGS
Chair: Garth L. Wilkes
Wednesday Morning, April 10
Marina E/F

8:30 A.M. *V3.1
POLYHEDRAL SILSESQUIOXANES AS SYNTHETIC PLATFORMS FOR HYBRID MATERIALS, Richard M. Laine, Alan Sellinger, Chunxin Zhang, University of Michigan, Departments of Materials Science and Engineering, Chemistry and the Macromolecular Science and Engineering Center, Ann Arbor, MI.

9:00 A.M. V3.2
HIGHLY FILLED ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRIDS FOR SCRATCH-RESISTANT COATINGS, H. Krug, E. Arpac, R.-R. Rietz, C. Paulus and H. Schmidt, Institut für Neue Materialien gem, Saarbrücken, Germany.

9:15 A.M. V3.3
HYBRID ORGANIC/INORGANIC COATINGS FOR ABRASION RESISTANCE ON PLASTIC AND METALLIC SUBSTRATES, Jianye Wen, Kurt Jordens and Garth L. Wilkes, Virginia Tech, Department of Chemical Engineering and Polymer Materials and Interfaces Laboratory, Blacksburg, VA.

9:30 A.M. BREAK

10:00 A.M. V3.4
USE OF ORGANOSILANE COUPLING AGENTS IN COLLOIDAL SILICA COATINGS, M.W. Daniels, L. Chu and L.F. Francis, University of Minnesota, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Minneapolis, MN.

10:15 A.M. V3.5
ORGANIC MODIFIED COLLOIDAL SILICA COATINGS, L. Chu, M.W. Daniels and L.F. Francis, University of Minnesota, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Minneapolis, MN.

SESSION V4: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SELECTED
ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS
Chair: J. Mark

10:30 A.M. *V4.1
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON PROPERTIES OF ORMOSILS, J.D. Mackenzie, Q. Huang, F. Rubio-Alonso, S.J. Kramer, University of California, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA.

11:00 A.M. V4.2
TAILORING OF THERMOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THERMOPLASTIC NANOCOMPOSITES BY SURFACE MODIFICATION OF NONOSCALE SILICA PARTICLES, C. Becker, H. Krug and H. Schmidt, Institut für Neue Materialien gem, Saarbrücken, Germany.

11:15 A.M. V4.3
IMPROVEMENT OF CRYOGENIC FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF EPOXY BY HYBRIDIZATION, Shigehiro Nishijima, Manwar Hussain, Atsushi Nakahira, Toichi Okada and Koichi Niihara, Osaka University, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka, Japan.

11:30 A.M. V4.4
EFFECT OF POLYMER ADMIXTURES TO CEMENT ON THE MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES, Xuli Fu and D.D.L. Chung, State University of New York at Buffalo, Composite Materials Research Laboratory, Buffalo, NY.

11:45 A.M. V4.5
ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID DENTAL RESTORATIVE, Partha P. Paul and Walter J. Machowski, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX.

SESSION V5: ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS - A ROUTE TO
CONTROLLED POROSITY MATERIALS
Chairs: Kenneth J. Shea and Dale W. Schaefer
Wednesday Afternoon, April 10
Marina E/F

1:30 P.M. *V5.1
SYNTHESIS OF ORDERED SILICATES BY THE USE OF ORGANIC STRUCTURE-DIRECTING AGENTS, Yoshihiro Kubota and Mark E. Davis, California Institute of Technology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Pasadena, CA.

2:00 P.M. V5.2
CONTROLLING THE POROSITY OF MICROPOPOUS SILICA BY SOL-GEL, PROCESSING USING AN ORGANIC TEMPLATE APPROACH, Y.F. Lu, G.Z. Cao, L. Delattre, University of New Mexico, UNM/NSF Center for Micro-Engineering Ceramics, Albuquerque, NM; C.J. Brinker, Sandia National Laboratories, Ceramic Synthesis and Inorganic Chemistry, and UNM/NSF Center for Micro-Engineering Ceramics, Albuquerque, NM; and G.P. Lopez, University of New Mexico, UNM/NSF Center for Micro-Engineering Ceramics, Albuquerque, NM.

2:15 P.M. V5.3
CONTROLLING POROSITY IN BRIDGED POLYSILSESQUIOXANES THROUGH ELIMINATION REACTIONS, Mark D. McClain, Douglas A. Loy, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; and S. Prabakar, University of New Mexico, Department of Microengineered Ceramics, Albuquerque, NM.

2:30 P.M. BREAK

3:00 P.M. V5.4
ENGINEERING POROSITY IN CERAMICS, LeRoy Whinnery, Danielle Coutts and Bill Even, Sandia National Laboratories, Materials Synthesis Department, Livermore, CA; James Beach and Doug Loy, Sandia National Laboratories, Properties of Organic Materials Department, Albuquerque, NM.

3:15 P.M. V5.5
HYBRID ROUTES TO CONTROLLED POROSITY SILICAS: FROM AEROGELS TO MOLECULAR SIEVES, C.J. Brinker, S.S. Prakash, N.K. Raman, J. Samuel and R.A. Cairncross, The University of new mexico Advanced Materials Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

3:30 P.M. *V5.6
DESIGNED HYBRID MATERIALS, A MOLECULAR APPROACH, Kenneth J. Shea, University of California, Department of Chemistry, Irvine, CA.

4:00 P.M. V5.7
ORGANICALLY MODIFIED SILICATE AEROGELS, "AEROMOSILS," Stephen J. Kramer, University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Materials Science, Los Angeles, CA; Fausto Rubio-Alonso, Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio (CSIC), Metodos Fisico-Quimicos, Madrid, Spain; John D. Mackenzie, University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Materials Science, Los Angeles, CA.

4:15 P.M. V5.8
SYNTHESIS OF NANO-SIZED PARTICLES WITHIN A SILICA GEL MATRIX, Stephen D. Sims, and Stephen Mann, University of Bath, School of Chemistry, Bath, United Kingdom.

4:30 P.M. V5.9
ORMOCERS OF CONTROLLED POROSITY, Azar Nazeri, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.

4:45 P.M. V5.10
HYBRID MOLECULAR COMPOSITES: NOVEL PRECURSORS FOR DEIGNING SUB-NANOMETER POROUS COATINGS, Y. Yan, Y. Hoshino, Z. Duan, S. Ray Chaudhuri and A. Sarkar, YTC America Inc., Camarillo, CA.

SESSION V6: POSTER SESSION
Chair: Douglas A. Loy
Wednesday Evening, April 10
8:00 P.M.
Presidio Ballroom

V6.1 MAGNETO-ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF FERROGELS, M. Zrínyi, L. Barsi, A. Büki and D. Szabó, Technical University of Budapest, Department of Physical Chemistry, Budapest, Hungry.

V6.2 GREEN-BODY STRENGTH AND MACHINING CHARACTERISTICS OF GELCAST MATERIALS, D.L. Barker, M.A. Janney, S.D. Nunn, O.O. Omatete and C.A. Walls, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

V6.3 SYNTHESIS SOL-GEL AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MTiO3, M = Mn, Co, Ni, J. Moreno, G. Tavizón and L. Vicente, Facultad de Química, UNAM, Departamento de Física y Química Teórica, Mexico, Mexico; and T. Viveros, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-iztapalapa, Departamento de Ingenieria Química, Mexico, Mexico.

V6.4 SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC-ORGANIC HYBRIDS FROM METAL ALKOXIDES AND SILANOL-TERMINATED POLYDIMETHYL SILOXANE, Shingo Katayama, Ikuko Yoshinaga and Noriko Yamada, Nippon Steel Corporation, Advanced Technology Research Laboratories, Kawasaki, Japan.

V6.5 MODIFICATION OF METAL ALKOXIDES BY REACTION OF TITANIUM, NIOBIUM AND TANTALUM ALKOXIDES WITH 2-ETHYLHEXANOIC ACID, T.V. Rogova, E.P. Kovsman, Research and Design Institute of Monomers, Tula, Russia; and M.I. Yanovskaya, Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia.

V6.6 THE METHODS OF SYNTHESIS AND THE USE OF INTERCALATION COMPOUNDS OF ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE WITH LITHIUM SALTS, V.P. Isupov, L.E. Chupakhina, K.A. Tarasov, R.P. Mitrofanova, Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

V6.7 ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF MULTIELEMENT CERAMICS, Christine Engel, Christoph Haluschka and Ralf Riedel, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany.
V6.8 A NEW CATEGORY OF MEMBRANES EXPLOITING POTENTIALITY OF ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS, Christian D. Guizard, Nadine Hovnanian, Pascal Heckenbenner, Monique Smaihi and Jean-Cristophe Schrotter, Lab. des Materiaux et Procedes Membranaires, UMR 9987 CNRS - UM II - ENSCM, Montpellier, France.

V6.9 NEW ORGANOFUNCTIONAL PRECURSORS FOR SOL-GEL PROCESSING, Anne Lorenz, Rudolf Rippstein, Ulrich Schubert, Technical University of Vienna, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Wien, Austria.

V6.10 CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF SILICA AEROGELS, Nicola Hüsing, Guido Kickelbick, Ulrich Schubert, Technical University of Vienna, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Vienna, Austria.

V6.11 CROSS-CONDENSATION KINETICS OF ORGANICALLY MODIFIED SILICA SOL-GELS, S. Prabakar, University of New Mexico, Advanced Materials Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM; and R.A. Assink, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

V6.12 PROCESSING METHYL MODIFIED SILICATE MATERIALS FOR OPTICAL APPLICATIONS: A STRUCTURAL STABILITY STUDY, A. Sarkar, Y. Yan and Z. Duan, YTC America Inc., Camarillo, CA.

V6.13 SHRINKAGE AND MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT DURING DRYING OF ORGANICALLY MODIFIED SILICA XEROGELS, N.K. Raman, S. Wallace, University of New Mexico, Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Albuquerque, NM; C.J. Brinker, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

V6.14 POROSITY IN HYBRID MATERIALS, Dale W. Schaefer, Doug Loy, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Greg A. Beaucage, University of Cincinnati, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cincinnati, OH; and Ken J. Shea, University of California, Irvine, CA.

V6.15 PHOTOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANOSILICATE, LAYERS CONTAINING AgCl OR CdSe NANOPARTICLES, Silvia Jarchow and Lubomir Spanhel, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany.

V6.16 MOLECULAR STATE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF EPOXY HYBRID COMPOSITE, Manwar Hussain, Shigehiro Nishijima, Atsushi Nakahira, Toichi Okada, Koichi Niihara, Osaka University, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka, Japan.

V6.17 ON-LINE SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF GROUP IV ALKOXIDES AND THEIR INTERACTIONS WITH ORGANIC ADDITIVES DURING THE SOL-GEL PROCESS, D. Wettling, S. Truchet, J. Guilment, O. Poncelet, Kodak European Research Division, Laboratoire d'Analyses, Chalon/Saone, France.

V6.18 INVESTIGATION OF THE LANTHANIDE-C60 COMPOUNDS: EuxC60 (x=2-6): A.S. Ginwalla, S.M. Kauzlarich, University of California, Department of Chemistry, Davis CA; S.H. Irons, P. Klavins and R.N. Shelton, University of California, Department of Physics, Davis, CA.

V6.19 A TG GC MS STUDY OF THE STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION OF AN HYBRID GEL CONTAINING Si-H AND Si-CH3 GROUPS INTO AN OXYCARBIDE GLASS, Gian D. Sorarù, Renzo Campostrini and Gennaro D'Andrea, University of Trento, Mesiano-Trento, Italy.

V6.20 MOLECULES WITH POLYMERISABLE LIGANDS AS PRECURSORS TO POROUS DOPED ORGANIC MATERIALS, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, N. Pajot, R. Papiernik, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice France; and S. Parraud, CEA Centre d'Etudes de Limeil Valenton, Saint Georges, France.

V6.21 HYDROLYSIS-CONDENSATION BEHAVIOUR OF ACETYL-ACETONE MODIFIED Sn(OAm1)4 -Lidia Armelao, François O. Ribot and Clément Sanchez, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratorie de Chimie de la Matiére Condensée, Paris France.

V6.22 LARGE SECOND-ORDER OPTICAL NONLINEARITIES IN AZO DYES GRAFTED HYBRID SOL-GEL COATINGS, B. Lebeau, C. Sanchez, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratorie de Chimie de la Matiére Condensée, Paris France; S. Brasselet, J. Zyss, Centre National d'Optique Théorique et Appliquée, Université de Bagneux, France; G. Froc and M. Dumont, Université de Paris-Sud, Institut d'Optique Théorique et Appliquée, Orsay, France.

V6.23 RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SURFACE STRUCTURE AND SURFACE TENSION OF ORGANIC MODIFIED SILICA FILMS, S. Dirè, C. Della Volpe, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.

V6.24 SYNTHESIS OF BIOACTIVE ORMOSILS BY THE SOL-GEL METHOD, Kanji Tsuru, Akiyoshi Osaka, Chikara Ohtsuki, Okayana University, Bioengineering Science, Okayana, Japan; Takashi Iwamoto and John Mackenzie, University of California, Materials Department;

V6.25 SYNTHESIS OF SILICA-ORGANIC HYBRID FILMS BY LIQUID PHASE DEPOSITION USING SILICON ALKOXIDES, Hiroaki Imai, Junrok Oh, Hiroshi Hirashima, Keio University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Yokohama, Japan; and Koji Tsukuma, Tosoh Corporation, Research Laboratory, Tsukuba, Japan.

V6.26 MULTINUCLEAR 13C, 27Al, 29Si NMR STUDY OF TEOS-BASED HYBRID MATERIALS, Mart Peeters, Philips Research Laboratories, Materials Analysis, Eindhoven, Netherlands; Arno Kentgens, University of Nijmegen, NSR Center for Molecular Structure, Design and Synthesis, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Nijmegen, Netherlands; and Ingrid Snijkers-Hendrickx, Philips Research Laboratories, Inorganic Materials and Processing, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

V6.27 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC MODIFIED SILICA GELS, V.M. Sglavo and S. Dirè, Università di Trento, Trento, Italy.

V6.28 INVESTIGATION OF HYDROLYSIS AND INITIAL CONDENSATION IN ORGANICALLY MODIFIED SOL-GEL SYSTEMS: 29Si NMR and the INEPT SEQUENCE, Todd M. Alam, Roger A. Assink and Doug A. Loy, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

V6.29 SCHIFF BASE MEDIATED SOL-GEL POLYMERIZATION, David Lindquist, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Chemistry Department, Little Rock, AR.

V6.30 PRECERAMIC POLYMER APPLICATIONS - PROCESSING, AND MODIFICATIONS BY CHEMICAL MEANS, H.J. Wu, Y.D. Blum and S.M. Johnson, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.

V6.31 THE SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL INORGANIC-ORGANIC NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS, Nicola T. Whilton and Stephen Mann, University of Bath, School of Chemistry, Bath, United Kingdom.

V6.32 NMR CHARACTERIZATION OF HYBRID SYSTEMS BASED ON FUNCTIONALIZED SILSESQUIOXANES, Florence Babonneau, Christian Bonhomme, Jocelyne Maquet, Université Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Chimie de la Matière Condensée, Paris, France; Chunxin Zhang, Rita Baranwal and Richard M. Laine, University of Michigan, Departments of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI.

V6.33 BIOMIMETIC (70deg.C) DEPOSITION OF TiO2 THIN FILMS, Suresh Baskaran, B.C. Bunker, J. Liu, C. Windisch and G.L. Graff, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA.

V6.34 A STRUCTURE STUDY AND THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF INTERCALATION PHASE IN LEAD IODIDE-AMMONIA SYSTEM, G.I. Gurina, Polytechnic University, Department of Polym Compos Materials, Kharkov, Ukraine; K.V. Savchenko, Institute for Low Temp Physics, Kharkov, Ukraine; and L.K. Verkhovoy, Polytechnic University, Department of Physical Chemistry, Kharkov, Ukraine.

V6.35 EPOXY-ALUMINOSILICATES INTERCALATION COMPLEXES, G.I. Gurina, Polytechnic University, Department of Polymeric Composite Materials, Kharkov, Ukraine.

V6.36 OLIGOSILANE-SILOXANE NANOCOMPOSITES, Gregory M. Jamison, Douglas A. Loy, Kimberly A. Opperman, James V. Beach, Sandia National Laboratories, Properties of Organic Materials Department, Albuquerque, NM; Robert M. Waymouth, Stanford University, Department of Chemistry, Stanford, CA.

V6.37 ORGANICALLY-MODIFIED Eu3+-DOPED SILICA GELS, V.C. Costa, B.T. Stone and K.L. Bray, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, WI.

V6.38 ELECTRONIC EYES BASED ON DYE / SUPERCONDUCTOR ASSEMBLIES, John T. McDevitt, David C. Jurbergs, Steven Savoy, Sara Eames and Jianai Zhao, University of Texas at Austin, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Austin, TX.

V6.39 UNDERSTANDING COBALT-DIISOCYANIDE MULTI-LAYER THIN FILMS, Michael A. Ansell, Astrid C. Zeppenfeld, Elizabeth C. Cogan and Catherine J. Page, University of Oregon, Department of Chemistry, Eugene, OR.

V6.40 DETECTION OF PATHOGENIC PARASITES BY ANTIBODY-DOPED POROUS GELS, Edward Hong, Eric Pascal Bescher, UCLA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA; Lynne Garcia, UCLA, Department of Microbiology, Los Angeles, CA; and John D. Mackenzie, UCLA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA.

V6.41 PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND APPLICATIONS OF SILICON OXYCARBIDE GLASSES AND GLASS-CERAMICS, John Darab, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA; and Wayde Schmidt, United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT.

V6.42 INORGANIC ORGANIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS AS ABSORBERS FOR ORGANIC SOLVENTS, V. Gerhard, H. Schmidt and U. Dreier, Institut für Neue Materialien gem, Composite Department, Saarbrücken, Germany.

V6.43 INFLUENCE OF METHYLTRIMETHOXYSILANES ON THE FORMATION OF MONOLITHIC TETRAETHYLORTHOSILICATE GELS, N. Suyal, M. Menning and H. Schmidt, Institute for New Materials, Department of Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, Saarbröcken, Germany.

V6.44 CERAMERS: COMPOSITES CONTAINING TITANIA AND SILICA NETWORKS, Santokh S. Badesha, Xerox Corporation, Wilson Center for Research and Technology, Webster, NY.

V6.45 NMR AND IR SPECTROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF THE HYDROLYTIC STABILITY OF ORGANIC LIGANDS IN METAL ALKOXIDE COMPLEXES AND OF OXYGEN BRIDGED HETEROMETAL BONDS, Dagobert Hoebbel, Thomas Reinert and Helmut Schmidt, Institut für Neue Materialien, Saarbrücken, Germany.

V6.46 THE IN-SITU GENERATION OF SILICA REINFORCEMENT IN MODIFIED POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANE ELASTOMERS, S. Prabaker, University of New Mexico, Advanced Materials Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM; S.E. Bates, E.P. Black, T.A. Ulibarri, D.W. Schaefer, G. Beaucage, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; and R.A. Assink, University of New Mexico, Advanced Materials Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

V6.47 ANISOTROPHY IN HYBRID MATERIALS: AN ALTERNATIVE TOOL FOR CHARACTERIZATION, Patrick Judeinstein, CNRS, Laboratoire de Chimie Structur, Orsay, France; Eric Lafontaine, DGA/CREA, Arcueil, France; Virginie Dessolle, Jacques Coutieu and Jean Pierre Bayle, Laboratoire de Chimie Structur, Orsay, France.

V6.48 SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC-ORGANIC HYBRIDS USING METAL ALKOXIDES AND ETHYL CELLULOSE, Ikuko Yoshinaga, Noriko Yamada and Shingo Katayama, Nippon Steel Corporation, Advanced Technology Research Laboratories, Kawasaki, Japan.

V6.49 SUBMICRON SCALE ORDER IN AMORPHOUS SILICA OF DIATOM ERUSTULES APPLIED TO IN VITRO SYNTHESIS OF ORDERED SILICA/ORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS, Charlotte M. Zaremba, Aimee Rose, University of California, Chemistry Department, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA; Sarah L. Keller, Michael Janicke, University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Chemistry and Nuclear Engineering, Santa Barbara, CA; Mark Brzezinski, University of California, Santa Barbara, Biological Sciences, Marine Biotechnology Center, Santa Barbara, CA; Joseph A. Zasadzinski, University of California, Santa Barbara, Chemical and Nuclear Engineering and Materials, Santa Barbara, CA; Bradley F. Chmelka, University of California, Santa Barbara, Departments of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Santa Barbara, CA; and Galen D. Stucky, University of California, Santa Barbara, Departments of Chemistry and Materials, Santa Barbara, CA.

V6.50 SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF METALLIC OXOALKOXIDES BY SOLVATOTHERMAL PROCESS, N. Steunou, Y. Dromzee and C. Sanchez, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratorie de Chimie de la Matiére Condensée, Paris France.

V6.51 BRIDGED BISMIDE POLYSILSESQUIOXANE XEROGELS: NEW HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC MATERIALS, Kenneth Shea and Stephen Hobson, University of California, Irvine, Department of Chemistry, Irvine, CA.

V6.52 DISPLACEMENT OF POLYMERS FROM LAYERED NANOCOMPOSITES VIA ION EXCHANGE, Michael Lerner and Chris Oriakhi, Oregon State University, Department of Chemistry, Corvallis, OR.

V6.53 SPONTANEOUS ADSORPTION OF ALKYL-AMINE MONOLAYERS ON HIGH - Tc CUPRATE STRUCTURES: MOLECULE LEVEL CONTROL OF SUPERCONDUCTOR SURFACES, John T. McDevitt, University of Texas at Austin, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Austin, TX; Rung-Kuang Lo, Jianai Zhao, Northwestern University, Department of Chemistry, Evanston, IL; Chad A. Mirkin, University of Texas at Austin, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Austin, TX; and Kaimen Chen, Northwestern University, Department of Chemistry, Evanston, IL.

V6.54 FUNCTIONAL PHOSPHATE ALKOXYSILANES FOR FACILITATED TRANSPORT MEMBRANE MATERIALS, Nadine Hovnanian, Christian Guizard, Monique Smaihi and Antonio Cardenas, Lab. des Materiaux et Procedes Membranaires, CNRS UM II UMR 9987 ENSCM, Montpellier, France.

V6.55 POLYSTYRENE-POLY(VINYLPHENOL) COPOLYMERS AS COMPATIBILIZERS FOR ORGANIC-INORGANIC COMPOSITES, C.J.T. Landry, B.K. Coltrain and D.M. Teegarden, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY.

V6.56 COMPOSITE INORGANIC/ORGANIC MATERIALS DERIVED FROM COLLOIDAL ASSEMBLIES, Sandra L. Burkett and Stephen Mann, University of Bath, School of Chemistry, Bath, United Kingdom.

V6.57 SYNTHESIS OF AN INORGANIC/ORGANIC NETWORK POLYMER BY THE HYDROLYSIS/CONDENSATION OF POLY (DIETHOXYSILYLENE-METHYLENE) AND ITS PYROLYTIC CONVERSION TO SILICON OXYCARBIDE, Q. Liu, T. Apple, Z. Zheng and L.V. Interrante, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Chemistry Department, Troy, NY.V6.58 ANALYSIS OF SILICA THIN FILMS DERIVED FROM THE PYROLYSIS OF POLYSILSESQUIOXANES, W.E. Wallace, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; R.J. Composto, G.B. Gonzalez, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Philadelphia, PA; D.H. Berry, L.K. Figge, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Chemistry, Philadelphia, PA; and B. Arkles, Gelest, Inc., Tullytown, PA.

V6.59 SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ORGANICALLY MODIFIED ZIRCONIUM OXIDE THIN FILMS, Jeffrey S. Ledford, Mobil Chemical Company, Films Division - Technical Center, Macedon, NY; and Gregory O. Noonan, Michigan State University, Department of Chemistry, East Lansing, MI.

V6.60 MICRON SCALE PATTERNING OF SOLUTION DERIVED CERAMIC THIN FILMS DIRECTED BY SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS OF OCTADECYLTRICHLOROSILANE, P.G. Clem, N.L. Jeon, R.G. Nuzzo and D.A. Payne, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chemistry, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory and Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Urbana, IL.

V6.61 VANADIUM-OXO BASED HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC COPOLYMERS, A. Campero, A.M. Soto, University Autonoma Metropolitana, Department of Chemistry, Mexico, Mexico; J. Maquet and C. Sanchez, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratorie de Chimie de la Matière Condensée, Paris, France.

SESSION V7: ELECTRICAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF
ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS
Chairs: C.K. Ober and D. Uhlmann
Thursday Morning, April 11
Marina E/F

8:30 A.M. *V7.1
NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS FOR PHOTONICS, P.N. Prasad, G. Ruland, D.N. Kumar, M. Yoshida, M. Lai and J. Bhawalkar, State University of New York, Photonics Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Buffalo, NY.

9:00 A.M. V7.2
PERFLUOROARYL SUBSTITUTED ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS, Michael Popall and Christof Roscher, Fraunhofer-Institut für Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany.

9:15 A.M. *V7.3
ORGANIC DOPED SOL-GEL GLASSES FOR ELECTROOPTICS AND DISPLAY APPLICATIONS, David Levy, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, Madrid, Spain.

9:45 A.M. V7.4
FABRICATION OF GRIN-MATERIALS BY PHOTOPOLYLYMERIZATION OF DIFFUSION CONTROLLED ORGANIC-INORGANIC NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS, P.W. Oliveira, H. Krug and H. Schmidt, INM, Saarlandes, Germany.

10:00 A.M. BREAK

10:30 A.M. V7.5
A NEW APPROACH TO MODIFIED SILICA FOR SPIN-ON-DIELECTRIC FILMS, Donald H. Berry, Lisa K. Figge, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Philadelphia, PA; Russell J. Composto, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Philadelphia, PA; William E. Wallace, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; and Barry Arkles, Gelest, Inc., Tullytown, PA.

10:45 A.M. V7.6
DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRIDS: PDMS-BASED SYSTEMS, G. Teowee, C.D. Baertlein, J.M. Boulton, Donnelly Corporation, Tucson, AZ.

11:00 A.M. *V7.7
TRANSPARENT ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS BY THE SOL-GEL PROCESS, L.C. Klien, C. Beaudry and A. Wojcik, Rutgers University, Ceramics, Department, Piscataway, NJ.

11:30 A.M. *V7.8
PHOTOCHEMICAL STUDIES USING ORGANIC-INORGANIC SOL-GEL MATERIALS, Bruce Dunn, Jeffrey Zink, B.C. Dave, Joan S. Valentine, UCLA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA.

SESSION V7: ELECTRICAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF
ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS (continued)
Chairs: C.K. Ober and D. Uhlmann
Thursday Afternoon, April 11
Marina E/F
1:30 P.M. *V7.9
THE FORMATION OF LASER ACTIVE HYBRIDS FROM SILICATE CERAMICS, L.L. Beecroft, C.K. Ober, Cornell University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ithaca, NY; D.B. Barber and C.R. Pollock, Cornell University, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Ithaca, NY.
2:00 P.M. V7.10
PHOTOREFRACTIVE SOL-GEL MATERIALS, F. Chaput, Groupe de Chimie du Solide, Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière Condensée, Palaiseau, France; D. Riehl, Institute d'Optique Théorique et Appliquée, Orsay, France; J.P. Boilot, T. Gacoin, Groupe de Chimie du Solide, Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière Condensée, Palaiseau, France; M. Canva, Y. Levy and A. Brun, Institut d'Optique Théorique et Appliquée, Orsay, France.

2:15 P.M. V7.11
SILICONE-POLYOXOMETALATE (Si-POM) HYBRID COMPOUNDS, Dimitris E. Katsoulis and John R. Keryk, Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, MI.

2:30 P.M. BREAK

3:00 P.M. V7.12
DIELECTRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMIDE-SILICA HYBRIDS, J.M. Boulton, G. Teowee, C.D. Baertlein, K.C. McCarthy, Donnelly Corporation, Tucson, AZ; and D.R. Ulhmann, University of Arizona, Tucson, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tucson, AZ.

3:15 P.M. *V7.13
PHOTOREFRACTIVITY IN SOL-GEL PROCESSED MATERIALS, Ryszard Burzynski, Saswati Ghosal and Martin Casstevens, Laser Photonics Technology, Inc., Amherst, NY.

3:45 P.M. V7.14
NEW HYBRIDS BASED ON THE COMBINATION OF AN INORGANIC FERROELECTRIC AND AN ORGANIC POLAR MOLECULE, Eric Pascal Bescher, Edward Hong, Yuhuan Xu and John D. Mackenzie, University of California, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA.

4:00 P.M. V7.15
VANADIUM OXIDE/POLYMER AEROGEL NANOCOMPOSITES, L.E. Nazar, University of Waterloo, Department of Chemistry, Waterloo Canada; H.P. Wong, B.C. Dave, B. Dunn, UCLA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA; and F. Leroux, University of Waterloo, Department of Chemistry, Waterloo, Canada.

4:15 P.M. V7.16
AN ALKOXY-ACETATE PRECURSOR SOLUTION FOR PRODUCTION OF SrBi2Ta2O9 POWDERS AND THIN FILMS, Timothy J. Boyle, Catherine D. Buchheit, Mark A. Rodriguez and Husam N. Al-Shareef, Sandia National Laboratories, Advanced Materials Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM.

4:30 P.M. V7.17
ER3+-DOPED SILICA AND HYBRID ORGANIC/INORGANIC SILICA GELS, B.T. Stone and K.L. Bray, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Department of Chemical Engineering, Madison, WI.

4:45 P.M. V7.18
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYANILINE FILMS LOADED WITH PbS QUANTUM DOTS, N.P. Gaponik and D.V. Sviridov, Belarusian State University, Institute of Physico-Chemical Problems, Minsk, Russia.

SESSION V8: PARTICULATES AND LAYERED FILMS
Chairs: C. Page and Ulrich Schubert
Friday Morning, April 12
Marina E/F

8:30 A.M. *V8.1
METAL/CERAMIC NANOCOMPOSITES BY SOL-GEL PROCESSING OF TETHERED METAL IONS, Ulrich Schubert, Claus Görsmann, Stefan Tewinkel, Technical University Vienna, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Wien, Austria.

9:00 A.M. V8.2
METAL COLLOIDS IN ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS, M. Menning and H. Schmidt, Institute for New Materials, Department of Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, Saarbrücken, Germany.

9:15 A.M. V8.3
PROCESSING OF BARIUM TITANATE/POLYMER HYBRID FROM METAL-ORGANICS, T. Yogo, T. Yamamoto, W. Sakamoto, K. Kikuta and S. Hirano, Nagoya University, Department of Applied Chemicals, Nagoya, Japan.

9:30 A.M. V8.4
HREM-CHARACTERIZATION OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLES EMBEDDED IN SOL-GEL PRODUCED GLASS-LIKE LAYERS, Ulf Werner, Mike Schmitt and Helmut Schmidt, Institut für Neue Materialien gem, Saarbrücken, Germany.

9:45 A.M. V8.5
HYBRID POLYMERIC COMPLEXES: AN ALTERNATIVE TO SOL-GEL CHEMISTRY, Josik Portier, CNRS, ICMCB, Pessac, France; Hassan Dweik, Al-Quds University, Chemistry Department, Jerusalem, Israel; Nadine Treuil, Guy Campet, CNRS, ICMCB, Pessac, France; and Mas Subramanian, E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., Central Research and Development, Wilmington, DE.

10:00 A.M. BREAK

10:30 A.M. V8.6
QUANTUM SEMICONDUCTORS IN HYBRID GELS, Thierry Gacoin, Laurent Malier and Jean-Pierre Bollot, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France.

10:45 A.M. V8.7
SOL-GEL PROCESS OF FLUORIDE AND FLUOROBROMIDE MATERIALS, Oliver Poncelet, Gustavo Paz-Pujalt, Jean Guilment, Kodak-Pathé, European Research Laboratory, Chalon sur Saône, France.

11:00 A.M. V8.8
INVESTIGATION OF SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION IN GLUTAMIC ACID-METAL COMPLEXES, Thomas Cooper, Steven M. Cline, David Tomlin, Timothy Bunning, Joe Williams, David Zelmon, Uma Ramabadran, Walter W. Adams, Wright Laboratory, Materials Directorate, Wright-Paterson Air Force Base, OH.

11:15 A.M. V8.9
SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION FROM MULTI-LAYERS OF ORIENTED METAL BISPHOSPHONATES, Grace Ann Neff, Tim Mahon and Catherine J. Page, University of Oregon, Department of Chemistry, Eugene, OR.

11:30 A.M. V8.10
FIBER OPTIC SENSING OF CYANDIES IN SOLUTIONS, Sung-Soon Park, John D. Mackenzie, University of California, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Los Angeles, CA; Chia Yen Li, Paulo Guerreiro and Nasser Peyghambarian, University of Arizona, Optical Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ.

11:45 A.M. V8.11
STRUCTURE AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF THIN ORMOSILS FILMS, Konstantin A. Vorotilov, Vladimir I. Petrovsky, Alexander S. Sigov, Michael V. Sobolevsky, Moscow Institute of Radioengineering, Electronics and Automation, Moscow, Russia.

The following exhibitors have identified their products and services as directly related to your research:

Academic Press
American Institute of Physics
Chemat Technology, Inc.
Continental Electronics Corp.
Elsevier Science, Inc.
Hi-Tech Ceramics
IOP Publishing, Inc.
Isoflux, Inc.
Kluwer Academic Publishers
MDC Vacuum Products Corp.
Philips Semiconductors/Materials Analysis Group
Rigaku/USA, Inc.

See page 6 for a complete list of exhibitors.