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2006 MRS Spring Meeting Logo2006 MRS Spring Meeting & Exhibit



April 17-21, 2006
| San Francisco
Meeting Chairs: J. Charles Barbour, Paul S. Drzaic, Gregg S. Higashi, Viola Vogel

Symposium Z : Mechanics of Nanoscale Materials and Devices

2006-04-18   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Amit Misra Los Alamos National Laboratory
John P. Sullivan Sandia National Laboratories
Hanchen Huang Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Ke Lu Chinese Academy of Sciences
Syed Asif Hysitron, Inc.
Z1: Nanoscale Films
Session Chairs
Robert Cammarata
Amit Misra
Tuesday PM, April 18, 2006
Room 2003 (Moscone West)

9:00 AM - **Z1.1
Hierarchical Modeling of Grain Boundary Diffusion and Dislocation Mechanisms in Thin Films and Nanocrystalline Materials.

Huajian Gao 1 , Markus Buehler 2 , Alexander Hartmaier 1 , Shuyu Wei 3 1 , Ji Chen 3 1 , Ke Lu 3
1 -, Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart Germany, 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 3 Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Research, Shenyang, -, China

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9:30 AM - Z1.2
Linking the Mechanical Behavior and Deformation Microstructure of Nanoporous Gold Thin Films

Ye Sun 1 , T. John Balk 1
1 Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States

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9:45 AM - Z1.3
Mechanical Properties and Failure Mechanisms of Free-Standing Nanoporous Gold

Dongyun Lee 1 , Jeffrey Kysar 1 , Xi Chen 2
1 Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States, 2 Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States

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10:00 AM - **Z1.4
The Mechanisms of Small-scale Plasticity as Revealed by in-situ Nanoindentation.

Andrew Minor 1 , Zhiwei Shan 1 , Eric Stach 2 , Miao Jin 3 , J.W. Morris, Jr. 3 , Syed Asif 4 , Oden Warren 4
1 NCEM, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 2 School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States, 4 , Hysitron, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

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10:30 AM - Z1.5
Thermodynamics and Mechanics of Solid Surfaces Applied to Modeling of Nanoscale Materials and Devices

Robert Cammarata 1 2
1 Materials Science and Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 2 Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

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10:45 AM - *
Break

11:15 AM - Z1.6
Understanding the Mechanical Properties of Nanoporous Au

Juergen Biener 1 , Luis Zepeda-Ruiz 1 , Andrea Hodge 1 , Joel Hayes 1 , Peter Bythrow 1 , Yinmin Wang 1 , Farid Abraham 1 , Alex Hamza 1
1 Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States

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11:30 AM - **Z1.7
Mechanisms of Slip Transmission in Nanolayered fcc/bcc Composites.

Richard Hoagland 1 , Srinivasan Srivilliputhur 1 , Amit Misra 1 , Michael Demkowicz 1
1 MST-08, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States

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12:00 PM - **Z1.8
Fatigue of Thin Metal Films at the Submicron and Nano Scale.

Dong Wang 1 , Cynthia Volkert 1 , Sophie Eve 1 , Norbert Huber 1 , Guangping Zhang 2 , Oliver Kraft 1 3
1 Institut fuer Materialforschung II, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Germany, 2 Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang China, 3 IZBS, Universitaet Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Germany

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12:30 PM - Z1.9
Ab initio Study of Surface Stresses of Charged Au films.

Yoshitaka Umeno 1 2 , Joerg Weissmueller 3 4 , Ferdinand Evers 3 , Martina Nothacker 3 , Christian Elsaesser 5 , Bernd Meyer 6 , Peter Gumbsch 2 5
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto Japan, 2 Institut fuer Zuverlaessigkeit von Bauteilen und Systemen, Universitaet Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Germany, 3 Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Karlsruhe Germany, 4 Technische Physik, Universitaet des Saarlandes, Saarbruecken Germany, 5 Physikalische Werkstoffmodellierung, Fraunhofer Institut fuer Werkstoffmechanik IWM, Freiburg Germany, 6 Lehrstuhl fuer Theoretische Chemie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Bochum Germany

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12:45 PM - Z1.10
Atomic-Scale Analysis Of Sress-Induced Nanocrystalline Domain Formation In Ultra-Thin Metallic Films And Characterization Of The Resulting Structure And Properties.

M. Rauf Gungor 1 , Dimitrios Maroudas 1
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States

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Z2: Nanoscale Materials
Session Chairs
Richard Hoagland
Scott Mao
Tuesday PM, April 18, 2006
Room 2003 (Moscone West)

2:30 PM - **Z2.1
Deformation Mechanism in Nanocrystalline fcc metals: Experiments and Simulations.

Helena Van Swygenhoven 1 , Stefan Brandstetter 1 , Zeljka Budrovic 1 , Steven Van Petegem 1 , Peter Derlet 1
1 , Paul Scherrer Institution, Villigen PSI Switzerland

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3:00 PM - **Z2.2
Multiscale Approaches On Modeling Grain-Boundaries In Nanocrystalline Metals.

Vesselin Yamakov 1
1 , National Institute of Aerospace, Hampton, Virginia, United States

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3:30 PM - Z2.3
Structure and Mechanical Properties of Kurdjumov-Sachs Interfaces with Low Shear Resistance.

Michael Demkowicz 1 , Richard Hoagland 1 , Srinivasan Srivilliputhur 1 , Amit Misra 1
1 Michael Demkowicz, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

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3:45 PM - Z2.4
Atomistic Analysis of Small-Scale Crystal Plasticity.

R. McEntire 1 2 , Yu-Lin Shen 1
1 Mechanical Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 2 , Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States

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4:00 PM - *
Break

4:30 PM - **Z2.5
Dislocation Activities and Partial Dislocation Mediated Processes in Nanocrystalline Grains.

Evan Ma 1
1 Materials Sci & Eng, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

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5:00 PM - Z2.6
In situ, Quantitative TEM Nanoindentation Tests of Materials.

Zhiwei Shan 1 , Andrew Minor 1 , Syed Asif 2 , Oden Warren 2
1 National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States, 2 , Hysitron Incorporated, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

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5:15 PM - Z2.7
High-strength Sputter-deposited Cu Films with Nanoscale Growth Twins.

Xinghang Zhang 1 , Amit Misra 2 , H. Wang 3 , X. Chen 4 , L. Lu 4 , K. Lu 4 , R. Hoagland 2
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States, 2 Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, 3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States, 4 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metals Research, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science (SYNL), Shenyang China

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5:30 PM - Z2.8
Fatigue-Induced Dynamic Coarsening in Nanocrystalline Electrodeposited Ni-Mn MEMS Structures

Brad Boyce 1 , Joseph Michael 1 , Thomas Buchheit 1 , Steven Goods 2
1 , Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 2 , Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California, United States

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5:45 PM - Z2.9
Analysis of Strengthening Mechanisms in a Severely-Plastically-Deformed Al-Mg-Si Alloy with Submicron Grain Size.

David Morris 1 , Ivan Gutierrez-Urrutia 1 , Maria Munoz-Morris 1
1 Physical Metallurgy, CENIM,CSIC, Madrid Spain

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Z3: Poster Session: Nano-materials and Composites
Session Chairs
Wednesday AM, April 19, 2006
Salons 8-15 (Marriott)

9:00 PM - Z3.1
Sample Size Effect on Nanoindentation Mechanical Property Measurements.

Zhi-Hui Xu 1 , Xiaodong Li 1
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.10
Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of the Mechanical Behavior of Nanoscale Materials.

Julia Deneen 1 , William Mook 1 , Andrew Minor 2 , William Gerberich 1 , C. Barry Carter 1
1 Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 2 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, National Center For Electron Microscopy, Berkeley, California, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.11
In-situ Photoemission Electron Microscopy Study of Thermally-induced Martensitic Transformation in CuZnAl Shape Memory Alloy.

Gang Xiong 1 , M Cai 2 , A Joly 1 , Wayne Hess 1 , Kenneth Beck 1 , J Dickinson 2
1 , Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, United States, 2 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.12
In-situ Study on Effects of Annealing Temperature and Mo Interlayer on Stress Relaxation Behaviors of Pure Al Films on Glass Substrates.

Young-Bae Park 1 , Soo-Jung Hwang 2 , Yong-Duk Lee 1 , Ja-Young Jung 1 , Young-Chang Joo 2
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Andong National University, Andong Korea (the Republic of), 2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - Z3.13
Investigation of the Influence of Grain Size, Texture and Orientation of Freestanding Polycrystalline Gold Films

Liwei Wang 1 , Bart Prorok 1
1 Materials Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.16
Effect of Microstructures and Textures on Mechanical Properties in Electrodeposited Ni foils

Yong Bum Park 1 , Nak Hyeon Lim 1
1 Materials Sicence and Metallurgical Engineering, Nanomaterials Research Center, Sunchon National University, Sunchon Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - Z3.17
Cracking and Adhesion at Small Scales: Atomistic and Continuum Studies of Flaw Tolerant Nanostructures.

Markus Buehler 1 , Haimin Yao 2 , Huajian Gao 2
1 Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 2 , Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart Germany

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9:00 PM - Z3.19
Atomistic Modeling of Deformation Twinning in Nanocrystalline Cobalt.

Guangping Zheng 1
1 Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Hong Kong

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9:00 PM - Z3.2
Size Related Plasticity Effects in AFM Silicon Cantilever Tips.

Malgorzata Kopycinska-Mueller 1 , Roy Geiss 1 , Donna Hurley 1
1 Materials Reliability Division, NIST, Boulder, Colorado, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.21
Modelling of the Glass Transition of Oertho-terphenyl in Bulk and Thin Films.

Jayeeta Ghosh 1 , Roland Faller 1
1 Chem Eng & Mat Sci, UC Davis, Davis, California, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.22
Size-Dependent Elastic Moduli of Nanofilms

Shih-Hsiang Chang 1 , I-Ling Chang 2
1 Mechanical Engineering, Far East College, Tainan Taiwan, 2 Mechanical Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Chia-Yi Taiwan

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9:00 PM - Z3.23
Shear-rate and Temperature Dependent Strength of SWNT Bundles: Creep of the Cross-links.

Boris Yakobson 1 , Yu Lin 1
1 MEMS, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.24
Thermo Mechanics of Pre-stressed Polydimethylsiloxane Carbon Nanotube Composite.

Suresh Valiyaveettil 1 2 3 , Jinu Paul 1 , Sindhu Swaminathan 3 , Nurmawati Bte Muhammad Hanafiah 1 , Ajikumar Parayil Kumaran 2
1 Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore Singapore, 2 Singapore - MIT Alliance, National University of Singapore, Singapore Singapore, 3 NUSNNI, National University of Singapore, Singapore Singapore

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9:00 PM - Z3.25
Raman Spectroscopy Investigation of Carbon Nanowalls.

Zhenhua Ni 1 , Haiming Fan 1 , Yuanping Feng 1 , Zexiang Shen 2 , Haoming Wang 3 , Yihong Wu 3
1 physics, National University of Singapore, singpoare Singapore, 2 Physics and applied Physics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore, 3 Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singpore, Singapore Singapore

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9:00 PM - Z3.26
Controlled Growth of Separated and Aligned Carbon Nano Tubes using Hydrogen Plasma and Nickel Film Interaction.

Santanu Patra 1 , Mohan Rao 1
1 Department of Instrumentation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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9:00 PM - Z3.27
Carbon Nanotube Oscillator Operation by Encapsulated Gas Expansion.

Jeong Won Kang 1 , Ki Oh Song 1 , Jun Ha Lee 2 , Hoong Joo Lee 2 , Oh Keun Kwon 3 , Young-Jin Song 4 , Ho Jung Hwang 1
1 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul Korea (the Republic of), 2 , Sangmyung University, Chonan Korea (the Republic of), 3 , Semyung University, Jecheon Korea (the Republic of), 4 Electronic Information Engineering, Konyang University, Nonsan Korea (the Republic of)

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9:00 PM - Z3.29
Forming of Ceramic Nanocomposites using Spark Plasma Sintering Technology

Dustin Hulbert 1 , Dong Tao Jiang 1 , Amiya Mukherjee 1
1 Chemical Engineering & Materials Science, University of California, Davis, California, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.3
Depth-Dependent Nanomechanical Response of Soft Biomaterials.

Cheng Li 2 , Lisa Pruitt 1
2 Bioengineering, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States, 1 Mechanical Engineering, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.30
Carbon Nanotube Based “Nose” For Detecting Of Aliphitic Hydrocarbons.

Sudhaprasanna Padigi 1 , Shalini Prasad 1
1 Electrical and Computer Engineering, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.31
Surface Morphology of GaInP Grown on GaAs Vicinal Substrates with Ga Content Increasing.

Hao Wang 1
1 , South China Normal University, Guang Zhou China

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9:00 PM - Z3.32
White MicroBeam Analysis of the Near Surface Nanostructure State in Ti After Friction Stir Processing

Rozaliya Barabash 1 , G. Ice 1 , O. Barabash 1 , Z. Feng 1 , S. David 1
1 Metals and Ceramics Div., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, Tennessee, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.33
Biomechanical Characterization of the Murine Fracture Callus

Shikha Gupta 1 , Fernando Carrillo 5 , Ralph Marcucio 4 , Christian Puttlitz 3 , Lisa Pruitt 2 4
1 Applied Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States, 5 Chemical Engineering, Polytechnique University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Terrassa, Spain, 4 Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States, 3 Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States, 2 Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.34
Mechanics of Boron Nitride Nanotubes from Density Functional Theory Calculations

Traian Dumitrica 1 , Paolo Valentini 1 , Boris Yakobson 2
1 Mechanical Engineering, Univ of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 2 Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.4
Wear Resistance Tests on a Grasshopper Mandible – Abrasion of a Biomaterial.

Thomas Schoeberl 1 , Ulrike Wegst 2
1 , Erich Schmid Institute of Materials Science, Leoben Austria, 2 , Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Stuttgart Germany

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9:00 PM - Z3.5
The Deformation Micromechanisms of Nanocrystalline Ge-Si Film During Indentation.

Ziwen Xu 1 , A.H.W. Ngan 1
1 , The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Hong Kong

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9:00 PM - Z3.6
Nanomechanical and Nanotribological Properties of Contact Lenses – Effect of Hydration and Temperature.

Michelle Dickinson 1
1 , Hysitron Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

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9:00 PM - Z3.7
An Investigation of Nanoindentations of Hydrogen Silsesquioxane.

SunZen Chen 1 , Henry Chen 2 , FonShan Huang 3
1 Center for Nano-Science and Technology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu Taiwan, 2 Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chi Nan University, Nantou Taiwan, 3 Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu Taiwan

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9:00 PM - Z3.8
Imaging Mechanical and Chemical Properties on the Nanometer Scale

Ute Schmidt 1 , Matthias Kress 1 , Olaf Hollricher 1 , Klaus Weishaupt 1
1 , WITec GmbH, Ulm Germany

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2006-04-19   Show All Abstracts

Symposium Organizers

Amit Misra Los Alamos National Laboratory
John P. Sullivan Sandia National Laboratories
Hanchen Huang Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Ke Lu Chinese Academy of Sciences
Syed Asif Hysitron, Inc.
Z4: 1-D Nanomaterials
Session Chairs
Syed Asif
W. Nix
Wednesday AM, April 19, 2006
Room 2003 (Moscone West)

9:00 AM - Z4.1
Atomistic Simulation of Inelasticity and Failure in Gold Nanowires.

Jonathan Zimmerman 1 , Harold Park 2
1 Science-Based Materials Modeling Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California, United States, 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States

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9:15 AM - Z4.2
Exploring the Mechanical Properties of Ag Nanowires and Au Thin Films.

David Miller 1 2 , Brad Boyce 2 , Ken Gall 3
1 Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States, 2 Microsystem Materials Group, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 3 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States

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9:30 AM - **Z4.3
Micro-Compression Testing of Metals

Cynthia Volkert 1
1 , Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Germany

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10:00 AM - Z4.4
Deformation Behavior of Nanocrystalline Metals Investigatedby Microcompression Tests.

Ruth Schwaiger 1 , Benedikt Moser 2
1 IMF2, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Germany, 2 , EMPA, Thun Switzerland

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10:15 AM - Z4.5
Plasticity in Aluminum Nanocolumns.

Richard Wagner 1 , Francesca Tavazza 2 , Lyle Levine 2
1 Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States, 2 Metallurgy Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States

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10:30 AM - Z4.6
Dislocation Dynamics in Micro and Nano-scale Cylinders

Christopher Weinberger 1 , Keonwook Kang 1 , Wei Cai 1
1 Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States

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10:45 AM - *
Break

11:15 AM - Z4.7
Mechanical Property Measurements of 1D Nanomaterials Using AFM Three-point Bending Techniques.

Hai Ni 1 , Xiaodong Li 1
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States

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11:30 AM - **Z4.8
Chemomechanics of Amorphous Silica: Lessons from Nanowires

Emilio Silva 1 , Sidney Yip 1 2 , Krystyn Van Vliet 1
1 Materials Science and Engineering, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 2 Nuclear Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

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12:00 PM - Z4.9
Direct Nanomechanical Measure