Ancient Egyptian Pigments: Mysteries and Materials.
The Ancient Egyptians mastered the art and the science of the preparation of synthetic blue and green pigments as well as making a number of advances in the utilization of naturally occurring mineral pigments. The combination of these approaches to colour resulted in the ancient Egyptians having the most diverse pigment palette of any ancient civilization. In this talk, Dr. Scott will concentrate on the examination of some examples, drawn from recent work carried out in collaboration with the Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Petrie Museum, University College London, and the Museum of Man in San Diego. Not only are there problems in determining what the original pigments used actually were, but the thousands of years which separate us in time has resulted in different forms of degradation affecting these materials which complicates their identification.BIOGRAPHY: David Scott gained a B.Sc. degree in Chemistry from the University of Reading, UK, followed by a BA degree in Archaeological Conservation from the Institute of Archaeology, London, followed by a PhD in ancient metallurgy from University College, London in 1982. In 1981 he began teaching conservation at the Institute of Archaeology, London until 1987 when he was hired by the Getty Conservation Institute as Head of the Museum Research Laboratory, based at the Getty Villa Museum in Malibu. In 2003 he joined the faculty of UCLA to start up the new Masters Degree in Conservation, a joint venture with the Getty Trust. The program began to accept its first students in 2005, marking the beginning of the first graduate conservation training program for archaeological and ethnographic materials on the West Coast of North America.Dr. Scott has published over 90 papers and three books, the latest of which "Iron and Steel in Art: Corrosion, Colorants, Conservation" will be published in 2009 by Archetype Press, London. His book on "Copper and Bronze in Art: Corrosion, Colorants, Conservation" published in 2002, won the first prize from the American Association of Publishers as the best Scholarly/Art book published in 2002. The book won a number of other awards and was included in a book tour across many US University Campuses in 2003. Dr. Scott works primarily on the examination of metallic artefacts, their conservation, corrosion and authenticity, and on ancient pigments. His interest in ancient Egyptian pigments was spurred by his discovery of the use of copper-proteinate pigments on an ancient Egyptian cartonnage in the collections of the University of Southern California, and his work on Egyptian green pigments continues with a collaboration with the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where a survey of the collection is being undertaken for this purpose. In his spare time, Dr. Scott enjoys chess and woodwork construction.