Meetings & Events

1995 MRS Fall Meeting

November 27–December 1, 1995
Boston, Massachusetts
Meeting Chairs: Michael J. Aziz, Berend T. Jonker, Leslie J. Struble

Symposium Y—Long-Term Performance Issues in Polymers - Chemistry and Physics

Chairs

Sindee L. Simon, University of Pittsburgh
Greg B. McKenna, NIST
Harvey E. Bair, AT&T Bell Laboratories

Symposium Support

  • 3M
  • American Chemical Society
  • General Electric
*Invited Paper

SESSION Y1: POLYOLEFIN DEGRADATION:
CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
Chair: Maureen C. Chan
Tuesday Morning, November 28
Berkeley (S)

9:00 A.M. *Y1.1
LONG-TERM THERMAL STABILITY OF POLYOLEFINS, Francois L. Gugumus, Ciba-Geigy AG, Basel, Switzerland.

9:45 A.M. Y1.2
COOPERATIVE INTERACTIONS IN STABILIZER COMBINATIONS IN POLYMER, Jan Pospísil, Stanislav Nespurek, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, Czech; Wolf Habicher and Kerstin Scheim, Technical University, Dresden, Germany.

10:00 A.M. Y1.3
THE INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX STABILIZER SYSTEMS ON THE FAILURE CRITERION AND SERVICE LIFETIME PREDICTIONS UPON THERMAL AGING OF POLOLEFINS, Erich Kamer and Hans Zweifel, Ciba-Geigy Ltd., Additives Division, Basle, Switzerland.

10:15 A.M. BREAK

10:45 A.M. Y1.4
PHOTO- AND THERMO-OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF POLYETHYLENE-POLYPROPYLENE BLENDS: COMPARISON OF OXIDATION PRODUCTS, R.P. Singh and S. Sivaram, National Chemical Laboratory, Division of Polymer Chemistry, Pune, India.

11:00 A.M. Y1.5
THE ROLE OF STERILIZATION AND AGING ENVIRONMENT ON THE STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF UHMWPE, M. Goldman, R. Ranganathan, R. Gronsky and L. Pruitt, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

11:15 A.M. Y1.6
IN VIVO AND IN VITRO OXIDATION OF UHMWPE INDUCED BY -IRRADIATION, Orhun K. Muratoglu, John Elder, William H. Harris and Murali Jasty, Massachusetts General Hospital, Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Boston, MA.

11:30 A.M. Y1.7
OXIDATION IN UHMWPE ARTICULAR IMPLANTS FOLLOWING GAMMA-STERILIZATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR EVALUATING LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE, V. Premnath, E.W. Merrill, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cambridge, MA; M. Jasty and W.H. Harris, Massachusetts General Hospital, Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Boston, MA.

11:45 A.M. Y1.8
POST-IRRADIATION AGING EFFECTS ON ULTRA HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE USED IN ORTHOPEDIC IMPLANTS: A SMALL ANGLE X-RAY SCATTERING STUDY, A. Bellare, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Boston, MA; and R.E. Cohen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cambridge, MA.

SESSION Y2: POLYMER SOLVENT AND SOLUTE DYNAMICS
Chair: Harvey E. Bair
Tuesday Afternoon, November 28
Berkeley (S)

1:30 P.M. *Y2.1
PHYSICAL LOSS OF STABILIZING ADDITIVES FROM POLYMERS, Norman C. Billingham, University of Sussex, School of Chemistry, Brighton, United Kingdom.


2:15 P.M. *Y2.2
CONTINUUM THERMODYNAMICS AND TRANSPORT THEORY FOR SOLVENT DIFFUSION IN POLYMERS, Steve Lustig, E. I. duPont de Nemours & Company, Inc., Central Research, Wilmington, DE.

3:00 P.M. BREAK

3:30 P.M. Y2.3
PLATICIZATION AND EMBRITTLEMENT OF NYLON 6 BY ABSORPTION AND DEHYDRATION OF AQUEOUS CHLORIDE SOLUTIONS, Hong Li and J.A. Donovan, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amherst, MA.

3:45 P.M. Y2.4
INTERFACE EFFECTS ON MOISTURE ABSORPTION IN THIN POLYIMIDE FILMS ON A SILICON SUBSTRATE, N.C. Beck Tan, W.E. Wallace, W.-L. Wu and G.T. Davis, National Institutes of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

4:00 P.M. Y2.5
MECHANICS AND TRANSPORT IN PARTICULAR POLYMER-MATRIX COMPOSITES SUBJECT TO WATER DEGRADATION, A. Lekatou, S.E. Faidi, D. Ghidaoui, S.B. Lyon and R. C. Newman, UMIST, Corrosion and Protection Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom.

4:15 P.M. Y2.6
TRANSPORT OF AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS THROUGH BLACK LOADED NATURAL RUBBER VULCANIZATES, G. Unnikrishnan and Sabu Thomas, Mahatma Gandhi University, School of Chemical Sciences, Kerala, India.

4:30 P.M. Y2.7
STRESS-CRACKING AND GASES PENETRABILITY OF HOLLOW MICROSPHERES FROM POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE, V.S. Bushuev, V.M. Dorogotovtsev and Yu. A. Merkuliev, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia.

SESSION Y3: VISCOELASTICITY AND
PHYSICAL AGING OF POLYMERS
Chair: Gregory B. McKenna
Wednesday Morning, November 29
Berkeley (S)

8:30 A.M. *Y3.1
PHYSICAL AGING, Ian Hodge,

9:15 A.M. *Y3.2
NONLINEAR VISCOELASTIC RELAXATIONS IN THE GLASS TRANSITION REGION, James M. Caruthers, Purdue University, School of Chemical Engineering, West Lafayette, IN.

10:00 A.M. BREAK

10:30 A.M. Y3.3
PHYSICAL AGING OF POLYETHERIMIDE, S.L. Simon, D.J. Plazek, P.C. Su, E.T. McGregor, University of Pittsburgh, School of Engineering, Pittsburgh, PA; and I. Echeverria, UNED, Department of Fisica Fundamental, Madrid, Spain.

10:45 A.M. Y3.4
EFFECT OF CROSSLINK DENSITY DISTRIBUTION ON THE VISCOELASTIC RESPONSES OF PHYSICALLY AGED EPOXY GLASSES, Yi-Tong Wang and Andre Lee, Michigan State University, Department of Materials Science and Mechanics, East Lansing, MI.

11:00 A.M. Y3.5
OBSERVATION OF AN ISOCHORIC GLASS TRANSITION, Dina M. Colucci, Gregory B. McKenna, National Institutes of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; and Andre Lee, Michigan State University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, East Lansing, MI.

11:15 A.M. Y3.6
TIME-TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT BEHAVIOR OF SUBSTITUTED POLY(PARAPHENYLENES), Derrick Dean, Mark Husband, Materials Directorate of Wright Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; and Mark Trimmer, Maxdem Inc., San Dimas, CA.

11:30 A.M. Y3.7
INFLUENCE OF THE CRYSTALLINITY RATE ON THE KINETICS OF AGING OF SEMICRYSTALLINE POLYMER, J. Grenet, J.M. Saiter and M. Boukined, University of Rouen, LECAP Laboratory, Mont-Saint-Aignan, France.

11:45 A.M. Y3.8
TIME-TEMPERATURE AND TIME-AGING TIME SUPERPOSITION IN POLYMERS AT LARGE DEFORMATIONS BELOW THEIR GLASS TRANSITION TEMPERATURES, Paul C. O'Connell and Gregory B. McKenna, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD. SESSION Y4: MICROSCOPIC BEHAVIOR/
DIMENSIONAL STABILITY OF POLYMERS
Chair: Joy P. Dunkers
Wednesday Afternoon, November 29
Berkeley (S)

1:30 P.M. *Y4.1
RATIONAL PREDICTION OF LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE OF SECOND-ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICAL POLYMERS: CONNECTIONS TO POLYMER RELAXATION BEHAVIOR, John M. Torkelson, Ali Dhinojwala, Jacob C. Hooker and Kenneth E. Hamilton, Northwestern University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Evanston, IL.

2:15 P.M. Y4.2
ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS OF POLYMER THIN FILMS ON METAL SUBSTRATES AS A NANOMETER SCALE PROBE OF WEAR, J.T. Dickinson, K.H. Hipps and S.C. Langford, Washington State University, Department of Physics, Pullman, WA.

2:30 P.M. Y4.3
POSITRON ANNIHILATION AND GAS PERMEATION STUDIES OF POLYMERS: TIME AND PRESSURE EFFECTS, X. Hong, J.-P. Yuan, J. Liu and Y.C. Jean, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Department of Chemistry, Kansas City, MO.

2:45 P.M. Y4.4
BROWNIAN MOTION SIMULATION OF CHAIN PULLOUT, Galen T. Pickett and Anna C. Balazs, University of Pittsburgh, Materials Science and Engineering Department, Pittsburgh, PA.

3:00 P.M. Y4.5
MOLECULAR MODELS OF SLIPPAGE FOR STRAINED MACROMOLECULES IN AN ORIENTED CRYSTALLINE POLYMER, Ulmas Gafurov, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

3:15 P.M. BREAK

3:45 P.M. *Y4.6
RESIDUAL STRESSES AND THE DIMENSIONAL STABILITY OF INJECTION MOLDED THERMOPLASTICS PARTS, Vijay K. Stokes, GE Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY.

4:30 P.M. Y4.7
THE EFFECT OF VISCOELASTIC AND AGE DEPENDENT BEHAVIOR ON SHAPE CHANGES IN A POLYMERIC PART SUBJECTED TO NON-UNIFORM COOLING, Martin Y.M. Chiang and Gregory B. McKenna, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Polymers Division, Gaithersburg, MD.

4:45 P.M. Y4.8
TEMPERATURE AND TIME DEPENDENT VISCOSITY OF POLYMER ADHESIVES IN MULTILAYER FILM STRUCTURES, Peter Y. Wong, Cynthia G. Madras and Ioannis N. Miaoulis, Tufts University, Thermal Analysis of Materials, Processing Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Medford, MA.

5:00 P.M. Y4.9
A COMBINED VISCOELASTIC-PIEZOELECTRIC CONSTITUTIVE MODEL OF PVDF MATERIALS FOR VIBRATION CONTROL OF MECHANICAL SYSTEMS, A.M. Vinogradov and R.J. Conant, Montana State University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bozeman, MT.

SESSION Y5: CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF POLYMERS
Chair: Hans Zweifel
Thursday Morning, November 30
Berkeley (S)

8:30 A.M. *Y5.1
PROCESSES AFFECTING THE LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE OF POLYMERS, Jan Pospísil, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.

9:15 A.M. Y5.2
THERMAL STABILITY IN POLYOLEFIN BLENDS, C. Thaumaturgo and E.E. C. Monteiro, Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Departamento de Materials, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

9:30 A.M. Y5.3
THERMAL STABILITY OF A POLYCYANURATE THERMOSETTING SYSTEM, R.E. Zacharia and S.L. Simon, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Chemical Engineering, Pittsburgh, PA.

9:45 A.M. Y5.4
DEGRADATION OF ARYL POLYMERS BY NO2, Bollepalli Srinivas, Charles E. Hoyle, University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Polymer Science, Hattiesburg, MS; and Gordon W. Selling, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc., Benger Laboratory, Waynesboro, VA.

10:00 A.M. BREAK

10:30 A.M. Y5.5
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL AGING OF PMR-15 POLYIMIDE RESIN AT 600deg.F, Gary D. Roberts and John E. Kamvouris, NASA Lewis Research Center, Materials Division, Cleveland, OH.

11:45 A.M. Y5.6
MICROCHARACTERIZATION OF THERMAL DEGRADATION MECHANISMS IN POLYMER COMPOSITE SYSTEMS WITH INFRARED SYNCHROTRON RADIATION, R.J. Meilunas and G.L. Carr, Northrop Grumman Corporation, Bethpage, NY.

11:00 A.M. Y5.7
USING CERAMIC AND METALLIC BARRIER COATINGS TO PROTECT POLYMER COMPOSITES AT HIGH TEMPERATURES, D.R. Harding, J.K. Sutter, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH; and R.D. Webb, R.D. Webb Company, Wellesley, MA.

11:15 A.M. Y5.8
INFLUENCE OF UREA DERIVATIVE ADDITIVES ON THE THERMAL DEGRADATION OF POLYVINYLCHLORIDE MATERIALS, B. Saidov, U. Gafurov, L. Kabisova and Z. Fazilova, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

11:30 A.M. Y5.9
THE STRUCTURAL STUDY OF DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS OF COBALT CARBONYL BLOCK-COPOLYMER II-COMPLEXES, V.G. Vlasenko, Ph.M. Ovsjannikov, and A.V. Kozinkin, Institute of Physics, Rostov State University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

SESSION Y6: FRACTURE AND FATIGUE OF POLYMERS
Chair: Lisa Pruitt
Thursday Afternoon, November 30
Berkeley (S)

1:30 P.M. *Y6.1
STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR FATIGUE FAILURE INITIATION IN POLYCARBONATE, Albert F. Yee, Hristo A. Hristov and David W. Gidley, University of Michigan, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ann Harbor, MI.

2:15 P.M. Y6.2
FAILURE ANALYSIS OF CRACKED POLYCARBONATE CONNECTORS, H.E. Bair and A.J. Muller, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ; R.G. Drach, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Omaha, NB; J.J. Blee and E.D. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Norcross, GA.

2:30 P.M. Y6.3
CRAZING IN POLYSTYRENE AND STYRENE-ACRYLONITRILE COPOLYMER: DOES PHYSICAL AGING HAVE AN EFFECT?, Gloria M. Gusler and Gregory B. McKenna, National Institutes of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

2:45 P.M. Y6.4
FATIGUE FAILURE INITIATION IN PC/PS POLYMER BLENDS, Kunitoshi Mimura, Hristo A. Hristov and Albert F. Yee, University of Michigan, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ann Harbor, MI.

3:00 P.M. BREAK

3:30 P.M. *Y6.5
FATIGUE BEHAVIOR OF FIBER-REINFORCED NYRON 66, Iko Narisawa, Yamagata University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonezawa, Japan; and Atsushi Kato, Nissan Motor Company Ltd., Yokosuka, Japan.

4:00 P.M. Y6.6
A FRACTURE CRITERION TO PREDICT CREEP RUPTURE, J. Raghavan, University of Delaware, Center for Composite Materials, Newark, DE.

4:15 P.M. Y6.7
CRYSTALLIZATION BEHAVIOR AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF A NYLON -6, -6/6 AND -12 TER-POLYAMIDE, Charles R. Davis, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown, NY.

4:30 P.M. Y6.8
THE LIFETIME OF THE ANTIPLASTICIZED POLYMER SYSTEMS, Anna I. Suvorova and Svetlana A. Kamenskaja, Ural State University, Chemical Department, Ekaterinburg, Russia.

4:45 P.M. Y6.9
STRENGTH AND STRESS RELAXATION AS ANALYTICALLY DESCRIBED FOR ORIENTED POLYMER FIBERS IN WIDE RANGES OF TIME AND TEMPERATURE, Sergei V. Bronnikov, Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.

SESSION Y7: WEATHERABILITY AND
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Chair: Andre Lee
Friday Morning, December 1
Berkeley (S)



8:30 A.M. *Y7.1
PREDICTING IN-SERVICE WEATHERABILITY PERFORMANCE OF PLASTICS AND COATINGS, David R. Bauer, Ford Motor Company, Research Laboratory, Dearborn, MI.

9:15 A.M. Y7.2
DISCOLORATION FACTORS OF EVA ENCAPSULANTS AND STABILIZING EFFECTS OF UV-FILTERING GLASS AND GAS-PERMEABLE POLYMER SUPERSTRATES FOR PV MODULES, F.J. Pern, National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Golden, CO.

9:30 A.M. Y7.3
THE EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL, A.H. Wagner,

9:45 A.M. Y7.4
EFFECT OF ACCELERATED ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS ON DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF UV CURED EPOXY RESIN FILMS, Jan Obrzut and John Lauffer, IBM Corporation, Endicott, NY.

10:00 A.M. BREAK

10:30 A.M. Y7.5
NEAR INFRARED MICROSCOPY AND THE SINGLE FIBER FRAGMENTATION TEST AS COMPLEMENTARY TECHNIQUES FOR THE STUDY OF POLYMER COMPOSITE DURABILITY, Joy P. Dunkers and Kenneth S. Macturk, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

10:45 A.M. Y7.6
DURABILITY ISSUES IN GLASS/POLYISOCYANURATE COMPOSITES WHEN EXPOSED TO AUTOMOTIVE FLUIDS, Walter G. McDonough, Carl R. Schultheisz, Joy P. Dunkers and Gale A. Holmes, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Polymers Division, Gaithersburg, MD.

11:00 A.M. Y7.7
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS CRACK INITIATION IN POLYCARBONATE, J.C. Arnold, University of Swansea, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Swansea, United Kingdom.

11:15 A.M. Y7.8
HDPE BLENDS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS CRACKING RESISTANCE, Charlotte H. Chen-Tsai and John E. Cornetta, Aluminum Company of America, Alcoa Center, PA.

11:30 A.M. Y7.9
THE INFLUENCE OF CROSSLINKING IN THE ESC OF ACRYLIC POLYMERS, J.C. Arnold, D.H. Isaac and J. Li, University of Swansea, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Swansea, United Kingdom.

11:45 A.M. Y7.10
SHORT-TERM TEST TO PREDICT ATMOSPHEAR CORROSION PROTECTIVE PROPERTIES OF ORGANOSILICATE POLYMERIC COATINGS (OSPC), Larisa N. Krasil'nikova and Svetlana V. Tchouppina, Russian Academy of Sciences, Silicate Chemistry Department, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The following exhibitors have identified their products and services as directly related to your research:

Products and Services
A&N Corporation
Cameca Instruments, Inc.
Cornell Theory Center
Digital Instruments
Huntington Mechanical Laboratories
Instruments SA, Inc./Jobin-Yvon-Spex
Kratos Analytical, Inc.
Micro Photonics, Inc.
Park Scientific Instruments
Philips Semiconductors/Materials Analysis Group
Physical Electronics
Schumacher

See page 6 for a list of companies exhibiting books and software and a complete list of exhibitors.