Meetings & Events

fall 1996 logo1996 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

December 2 - 6, 1996 | Boston
Meeting Chairs:
 Werner Lutze, Karen Maex, Karl Sieradzki




Symposium W—Interfacial Engineering for Optimized Properties

Chairs

Clyde Briant -- Brown Univ
C. Barry Carter -- Univ of Minnesota
Ernest Hall -- GE Corp

Symposium Support

  • General Electric Company, Corporate Research & Development
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Univ of Minnesota, Center for Interfacing Engineering

* Invited paper

SESSION W1: INTRODUCTORY CONCEPTS AND MODELING
Chairs: Clyde L. Briant C. Barry Carter and Ernest L. Hall
Monday Morning, December 2, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
8:30 AM *W1.1
INTERFACIAL ENGINEERING: AN OVERVIEW, D. Fennell Evans, Univ of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

9:00 AM *W1.2
DEFECT ENGINEERING AT CERAMIC INTERFACES, Yet-Ming Chiang, MIT, Dept of MS&E, Cambridge, MA; Douglas A. Blom, MIT, MS&E, Cambridge, MA; Erin B. Lavik, Haifeng Wang, MIT, Dept of MS&E, Cambridge, MA.

9:30 AM *W1.3
ENGINEERING INTERFACES IN CERAMICS AND COMPOSITES, C. Barry Carter, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of CE&MS, Minneapolis, MN.

10:00 AM BREAK

10:30 AM *W1.4
TOWARDS STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONSHIP FOR ELECTROCERAMIC INTERFACES, Vinayak P. Dravid, Northwestern Univ, Dept of MS&E, Evanston, IL.

11:00 AM W1.5
MORPHOLOGICAL DESIGN OF INTERFACES, Jian-Ku Shang, Zhehua Zhang, James Ryan, Univ of Illinois-Urbana, Dept of MS&E, Urbana, IL.

11:15 AM W1.6
A COMPUTER MODELLING STUDY OF THE VARIATION OF STACKING FAULT ENERGY WITH COMPOSITION IN TiC, Robert M. Harris, Paul D. Bristowe, Cambridge Univ, Dept of Matls Science & Metallurgy, Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM.

11:30 AM W1.7
THE ADHESION NATURE OF Ag/MgO INTERFACE: HARTREE-FOCK STUDY, Eugene Heifets, Univ of Latvia, Inst of Chemical Physics, Riga, LATVIA; Eugene Kotomin, Inst of Solid State Physics, Riga, LATVIA.

11:45 AM W1.8
ATOMISTIC SIMULATION OF GRAIN BOUNDARY STRUCTURE AND DIFFUSION IN B2 NiAl, Yuri Mishin, Diana Farkas, Virginia Tech, Dept of MS&E, Blacksburg, VA.

SESSION W2: CHARACTERIZATION: ORIENTATION AND INTERFACIAL FILMS
Chairs: J. Bentley and Vinayak P. Dravid
Monday Afternoon, December 2, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
1:30 PM *W2.1
LINKS BETWEEN THE INTERFACE-PLANE SCHEME AND GRAIN BOUNDARY PROPERTIES, Valerie Randle, Dept of Materials Engr, Swansea, UNITED KINGDOM.

2:00 PM *W2.2
THE IMAGING AND ANALYSIS OF ORIENTATION-BASED MICROSTRUCTURAL FEATURES IN TI ALLOYS AND THEIR ROLE IN INTERPRETING MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR, John A Sutliff, GE R&D Center, Niskayuna , NY; Andy P Woodfield, GE Aircraft Engines, EMTL, Cincinnati, OH.

2:30 PM W2.3
EVOLUTION OF THE GRAIN BOUNDARY CHARACTER DISTRIBUTION IN COPPER SHAPED-CHARGE LINERS, Wayne E King, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chem & Matls Sci Directorate, Livermore, CA; David H. Lassila, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Defense & Nuclear Technologies Directorate, Livermore, CA; Adam J. Schwartz, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chemistry & Matls Science Directorate, Livermore, CA.

2:45 PM W2.4
THE GRAIN BOUNDARY DIFFUSION KINETIC IN NANOCRYSTALLINE ZIRCONIA, Alexandre P. Jiliaev, Valery Yu Gertsman, Jerzy A. Szpunar, McGill Univ, Dept of Metallurgical Engr, Montreal, CANADA.

3:00 PM BREAK

3:30 PM *W2.5
TOWARDS THE ATOMIC LEVEL ENGINEERING OF GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN CERAMIC SUPERCONDUCTORS, S. J. Pennycook, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Solid State Div, Oak Ridge, TN; N. D. Browning, Univ of Illinois-Chicago, Dept of Physics, Chicago, IL; Peter D. Nellist, Matthew F. Chisholm, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Solid State Div, Oak Ridge , TN; David P. Norton, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

4:00 PM W2.6
TAILORING THE INTEGRANULAR PHASES IN SILICON NITRIDE FOR IMPROVED TOUGHNESS, Ellen Y. Sun, Paul F. Becher, Chun-Hway Hsueh, Kevin P. Plucknett, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge, Tn.

4:15 PM W2.7
GRAIN GROWTH AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN CUBIC YTTRIA STABILIZED ZIRCONIA CERAMICS, Martha Lynn Mecartney, Univ of California-Irvine, Dept of Chemistry & Biochem Engr, Irvine, CA.

4:30 PM W2.8
THERMODYNAMIC LIMITATIONS OF THE CRYSTALLIZATION OF INTERGRANULAR AMORPHOUS PHASES IN CERAMICS, Harold D. Ackler, Yet-Ming Chiang, MIT, Dept of MS&E, Cambridge, MA.

4:45 PM W2.9
LOCAL CHEMISTRY AND FORCE BALANCE IN SYSTEMATICALLY Ca-DOPED tex2html_wrap_inline462 CERAMICS, Hui Gu, ERATO JST, Dept of Ceramics Superplasticity, Nagoya, JAPAN; Xiaoqing Pan, Max-Planck-Inst, Inst Werkstoffwissenschaft, Stuttgart, GERMANY; Manfred Ruhle, Max-Planck-Inst, Inst Werkstoffwinssenshaft, Stuttgart, GERMANY; Rowland M. Cannon, Univ of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, CA; Isao Tanaka, Kyoto University, Dept of Materials Science, Kyoto, JAPAN.

SESSION W3: CHARACTERIZATION: INTERFACE CHEMISTRY
Chairs: John Bruley and John A Sutliff
Tuesday Morning, December 3, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
9:00 AM *W3.1
INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION WITH SPECTRUM-LINES AND MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, Ian M. Anderson, J. Bentley, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge , TN.

9:30 AM W3.2
INTERFACE CHARACTERIZATION BY ENERGY-FILTERED TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY, J. Bentley, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge, TN.

9:45 AM W3.3
THE ROLE OF Cu IN ELECTROMIGRATION IN POLYCRYSTALLINE Al USING SPATIALLY RESOLVED EELS, John Bruley, S. Splinter, Lehigh Univ, Dept of MS&E, Bethlehem, PA; P. E. Batson, Robert Rosenberg, IBM T.J. Watson Research Ctr, Yorktown Heights, NY; David A. Smith, Lehigh Univ, Dept of MS&E, Bethleham, PA.

10:00 AM W3.4
INFLUENCE OF LOCAL CHEMISTRY AND BONDING ON THE PROPERTIES OF GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS, David A. Muller, John Silcox, Cornell Univ, Dept of Applied & Engr Physics, Ithaca, NY; Stephen L. Sass, Cornell Univ, Dept of MS&E, Ithaca, NY; Shanthi Subramanian, Cornell Univ, Dept of MS&E, Ithaca, NY.

10:15 AM BREAK

10:45 AM *W3.5
INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH GRAIN BOUNDARY EMBRITTLEMENT, Vicki J. Keast, David B. Williams, John Bruley, Lehigh Univ, Dept of MS&E, Bethlehem, PA.

11:15 AM W3.6
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SEGREGATION TO GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN STEELS, Anthony J. Garratt-Reed, Univ of Liverpool, Dept of Matls Science, Cambridge, MA; Graham Cliff, Gordon W. Lorimer, Richard Pilkington, UMIST, Materials Science Center, Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM.

11:30 AM W3.7
SEGREGATION AND SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS AT GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN STRONTIUM TITANATE, Z. Mao, R. E. Dunin-Borkowski, K. M. Knowles, Cambridge Univ, Dept of Matls Science & Metallurgy, Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM.

11:45 AM W3.8
TENDENCY AND SCALE OF CHEMISTRY AND BONDING AT tex2html_wrap_inline464 GRAIN BOUNDARIES WITH Fe SEGREGATION, Hui Gu, ERATO JST, Dept of Ceramics Superplasticity, Nagoya, JAPAN; Susanne Stemmer, Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept of MTM, Leuven, BELGIUM; Xiaoqing Pan, Max-Planck-Inst, Inst Werkstoffwissenschaft, Stuttgart, GERMANY; Ingrid Denk, Max-Planck fur Metallforschung, Stuttgart, GERMANY; Manfred Ruhle, Max-Planck-Inst, Inst Werkstoffwinssenshaft, Stuttgart, GERMANY.

SESSION W4: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES: COMPOSITES
Chair: David R. Clarke
Tuesday Afternoon, December 3, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
1:30 PM *W4.1
FIBER-MATRIX INTERFACES IN CERAMIC COMPOSITES, Theodore M. Besmann, David P. Stinton, Elizabeth R. Kupp, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge, TN; Subramamiam Shanmugham, Peter K. Liaw, Univ of Tennessee, Dept of MS&E, Knoxville, TN.

2:00 PM *W4.2
TOUGHENING OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES THROUGH CONTROL OF INTERFACE TOUGHNESS BETWEEN FIBERS AND MATRIX, Ali S. Argon, MIT, Dept of Mechanical Engr, Cambridge, MA; M. Seleznev, MIT, Cambridge, MA; C. F. Shih, Brown Univ, Providence, RI.

2:30 PM W4.3
MICROSTRUCTURAL EFFECTS ON CRACK DEFLECTION AND FRACTURE RESISTANCE OF A WEAKLY BONDED INTERFACE FOR ALUMINA COMPOSITES, Michael J. O'Brien, Brown Univ, Dept of Engr, Providence, RI; Brian J. Dracup, Brown Univ, Providence, RI; Brian W. Sheldon, Brown Univ, Dept of Engineering, Providence, RI.

2:45 PM W4.4
THE INFLUENCE OF FIBER/MATRIX INTERFACE ON THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF NICALON tex2html_wrap_inline466 SiC FIBER REINFORCED GLASS-CERAMIC COMPOSITES, Yong-Mei Liu, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Ctr for Mats Sci, Los Alamos, NM; Terence E. Mitchell, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Center for Materials Science, Los Alamos, NM; H.N.G. Wadley, Univ of Virginia, Dept of MS&E, Charlottesville, VA.

3:00 PM BREAK

3:30 PM *W4.5
MICROSTRUCTURE AND MICROCHEMISTRY OF INTERFACES IN STRUCTURAL CERAMIC COMPOSITES, Kathleen B. Alexander, Paul F. Becher, Ellen Y Sun, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge, TN.

4:00 PM W4.6
MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SILICATE GLASS/SAPPHIRE INTERFACES, Andrey Zagrebelny, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chemical Engr & Materials Science, Minneapolis, MN; Erica T. Lilleodden, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of CE&MS, Minneapolis, MN; Sundar Ramamurthy, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chemical Engr & Matls Science, Minneapolis, MN; C. Barry Carter, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of CE&MS, Minneapolis, MN.

4:15 PM W4.7
FIBER-MATRIX INTERACTIONS IN CONTINUOUS FIBER-REINFORCED Al tex2html_wrap_inline468 -Al COMPOSITES USING PIEZOSPECTROSCOPIC MEASUREMENTS, Jun He, David R. Clarke, Univ of California-S Barbara, Dept of Materials, Santa Barbara, CA.

4:30 PM W4.8
TAILORED GRAPHITE/EPOXY LAMINATES WITH OPTIMIZED STRENGTH AND TOUGHNESS UNDER INPLANE BIAXIAL COMPRESSION LOADING, Vijay Gupta, Tian Mao, Univ of California-Los Angeles, Dept of Mech & Aerospace Engr, Los Angeles, CA.

4:45 PM W4.9
MODIFICATION OF INTERFACIAL TOUGHNESS IN THE NIOBIUM - ALUMINUM OXIDE SYSTEM BY ION ASSISTED DEPOSITION, Hong Ji, Univ of Michigan, Dept of Physics, Ann Arbor, MI; Gary S. Was, Univ of Michigan, Dept of Nuclear Engr, Ann Arbor, MI; J. Wayne Jones, Univ of Michigan, Dept of MS&E, Ann Arbor, MI; N. R. Moody, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.

SESSION W5: POSTER SESSION: CHARACTERIZATION
Chair: Clyde L. Briant
Tuesday Evening, December 3, 1996
8:00 P.M.
America Ballroom (W)
W5.1
ANNEALING TEXTURE EVOLUTION DURING GRAIN COARSENING IN HAFNIUM, Rong Bai, Clyde L. Briant, David C. Paine, Rod Beresford, Brown Univ, Engineering Div, Providence, RI.

W5.2
INTERFACIAL COMPOSITION MEASUREMENTS IN COMPLEX Ni-BASE SUPERALLOYS, Ernest L. Hall, GE Corp, Corporate R&D, Schenectady, NY; J. Bentley, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Metals & Ceramics Div, Oak Ridge, TN.

W5.3
INTERFACIAL SEGREGATION IN IONIC CONDUCTORS: CERIA, Douglas A. Blom, MIT, MS&E, Cambridge, MA; Yet-Ming Chiang, MIT, Dept of MS&E, Cambridge, MA.

W5.4
THE INVESTIGATION ON GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN tex2html_wrap_inline470 -Ti BY MEANS OF MOLECULAR STATICS AND HRTEM, Heng Qiang Ye, Inst of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang , CHINA; Y. C. Wang, Inst of Metal Research, Atomic Imaging of Solids Lab, Shenyang, CHINA.

W5.5
SEGREGATION IN YAG SINGLE CRYSTALS, Kelly R. Brown, Dawn A. Bonnell, Univ of Pennsylvania, Dept of Matls Science, Philadelphia, PA.

W5.6
TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY (TEM) STUDIES OF INTERFACES IN tex2html_wrap_inline472 COMPOSITES, Susanne Stemmer, Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept of MTM, Leuven, BELGIUM; Jozef Vleugels, Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept of MM&E, Leuven, BELGIUM; Omer Van Der Biest, Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept of MT&M, Leuven, BELGIUM.

W5.7
THERMOCHEMISTRY AND ELECTRICAL CONTACT BEHAVIOR OF ELECTRODE-THERMISTOR INTERFACES, David P. Cann, Pennsylvania State Univ, Dept of Materials, University Park, PA; Clive A. Randall, Pennsylvania State Univ, University Park, PA.

SESSION W6: POSTER SESSION: GENERAL INTERFACES
Chair: Ernest L. Hall
Tuesday Evening, December 3, 1996
8:00 P.M.
America Ballroom (W)
W6.1
INTERFACIAL SEGREGATION IN BICRYSTALS: A DATABASE FOR GRAIN BOUNDARY DESIGN OF POLYCRYSTALS, Pavel Lejcek, Inst of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 8, CZECH REPUBLIC.

W6.2
INTERFACE SYNTHESIS BY UHV DEPOSITION/DIFFUSION BONDING, Moon J. Kim, Arizona State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Tempe, AZ; Michael J. Cox, Arizona State Univ, Sci & Engr of Matls & Ctr for Solid State Sci, Tempe, AZ; Jin Xu, Arizona State Univ, Scie & Engr of Matls & Ctr for Solid State Sci, Tempe, AZ.

W6.3
THEORETICAL CALCULATIONS OF ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF METALLIC SUPERLATTICES, Akira Yamaguchi, Hideo Nakajima, Iwate Univ, Dept of Matls Science & Technology, Morioka, JAPAN.

W6.4
RELIABILITY OF INTERCONNECTIONS IN PRINTED CIRCUITS, Octavian Iordache, Serge St. Martin, Circo Craft Inc, Pointe Claire, CANADA.

W6.5
AB INITIO CALCULATIONS FOR GRAIN BOUNDARIES IN COVALENT CERAMICS, Masanori Kohyama, Osaka National Research Inst, Dept of Materials Physics, Osaka, JAPAN.

W6.6
PREDICTION OF THE DEGREE OF MISFIT LOCALISATION IN INTERFACES AND INTERFACES' STRUCTURE, W. Lojkowski, UNIPRESS, High Pressure Research Ctr, Warsaw, POLAND.

W6.7
Mo-W INTERDIFFUSION AND THE INFLUENCE ON POTASSIUM BUBBLES IN TUNGSTEN LAMP WIRE, B. P. Bewlay, GE Corp, Research & Development Center, Schenectady, NY; Clyde L. Briant, Brown Univ, Engineering Div, Providence, RI; M. L. Murray, GE Corp, Research & Development Center, Schenectady, NY.

W6.8
NONLINEAR CURRENT-VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF HOMOJUNCTIONS MADE BY ZINC OXIDE SINGLE CRYSTALS, Takeshi Harada, Univ of Tokyo, Applied Chemistry Div, Tokyo, JAPAN; Hiroaki Yanagida, Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Research Div, Nagoya, JAPAN; Naobumi Motohira, Yokohama National Univ, Dept of Energy Engr, Yokohama-shi, JAPAN; Akira Kishimoto, Univ of Tokyo, School of Engr, Tokyo, JAPAN; Yoshinobu Nakamura, Univ of Tokyo, Applied Chemistry Div, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W6.9
FORMATION PROCESS OF tex2html_wrap_inline474 IN tex2html_wrap_inline476 SYSTEM, Miho Maruyama, Toshiba Corp, Matls & Devices Res Lab, Kanagawa, JAPAN; Masako Nakahashi, Toshiba Corp, Heavy Apparatus Engr Lab, Kanagawa, JAPAN; Seiichi Suenaga, Toshiba Corp, Matls & Devices Research Lab, Kanagawa, JAPAN; Shinichi Nakamura, Toshiba Corp, Research & Development Center, Kanagawa, JAPAN.

SESSION W7: POSTER SESSION: COMPOSITES, LAMINATES, COATINGS
Chair: C. Barry Carter
Tuesday Evening, December 3, 1996
8:00 P.M.
America Ballroom (W)
W7.2
DIFFUSION BARRIER EFFECT OF CARBIDE LAYER ON BONDING CHARACTERISTICS OF Ti/STEEL CLAD, Yasuhiro Morizono, Kumamoto Univ, Dept of Materials Science & Engr, Kumamoto, JAPAN; Minoru Nishida, Akira Chiba, Kumamoto Univ, Dept of MS&E, Kumamoto , JAPAN.

W7.3
THE APPLICATION OF QUANTUM-CHEMICAL MODIFICATION ALUMINUM CAPACITOR FOIL SURFACE IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE ELECTRO-CAPACITY AND CREATE THE ANTICORROSION COATING OF TECHNICAL STEEL, G. A. Khachikian, R. T. Malkhassian, E. V. Agababian, N. A. Arakelian, Scientific Production Enterprise, ATOM, Yerevan, ARMENIA.

W7.4
EFFECT OF RANDOMIZATION ON ANODIC POLARIZATION CURVE OF Fe-Cr-Si-B AMORPHOUS STAINLESS STEEL, Ayumu Yazawa, Youji Hiraiwa, Chiho Seshimo, Makoto Miura, Kazuya Oguri, Yoshitake Nishi, Tokai Univ, Dept of Materials Science, Kanagawa, JAPAN.

W7.5
PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY AND MAGNETO-OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF SPUTTERED RE-TM(CoGd)/Pd MULTILAYERED FILMS, Tao Yang, We-Hyo Soe, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN; Bai-xin Liu, Tsinghua Univ, Dept of MS&E, Beijing, CHINA; Ryoichi Yamamoto, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W7.6
REACTIVE-SPUTTER DEPOSITION OF TiN/ZrN AND TiN/CrN MULTILAYERS: STRUCTURAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, We-Hyo Soe, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN; Takashi Kitagaki, Shibaura Inst of Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN; Hiroshi Ueda, Nobuhiko Shima, Hitachi Tool Engineering Ltd, Development Section, Chiba, JAPAN; Masahisa Otsuka, Shibaura Inst of Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN; Ryoichi Yamamoto, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W7.7
STRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TITANIUM NITRIDE, ZIRCONIUM NITRIDE, AND CHROMIUM NITRIDE FILMS BY REACTIVE MAGNETRON-SPUTTER DEPOSITION, Takashi Kitagaki, Shibaura Inst of Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN; We-Hyo Soe, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN; Hiroshi Ueda, Nobuhiko Shima, Hitachi Tool Engineering Ltd, Development Section, Chiba, JAPAN; Masahisa Otsuka, Shibaura Inst of Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN; Ryoichi Yamamoto, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W7.8
INTERFACIAL CRACKING PHENOMENA AND MICROMECHANICAL MODELLING IN CERAMIC/METAL LAYERED MATERIALS, Scott X. Mao, Univ of Calgary, Dept of Mech Engr, Calgary, CANADA; A. G. Evans, Harvard Univ, Applied Science Div, Cambridge, MA.

W7.9
THE EFFECT OF PROTECTIVE ORGANIC THIN FILM COATINGS ON tex2html_wrap_inline478 POWDERS WITH RESPECT TO AQUEOUS PROCESSINGS, Donghun Lee, Alfred Univ, NY State College of Ceramics, Alfred, NY; Robert A. Condrate, NYS College of Ceramics, Alfred Univ, Alfred, NY; Steve P. Ostrander, Alfred Univ, Dept of Matls Science, Alfred, NY.

SESSION W8: POSTER SESSION: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Chair: Clyde L. Briant
Tuesday Evening, December 3, 1996
8:00 P.M.
America Ballroom (W)
W8.1
GRAIN BOUNDARY ENGINEERING IN ORDERED tex2html_wrap_inline480 Al FOR IMPROVING DUCTILITY, Tarun K. Chaki, SUNY-Buffalo, Dept of Mech Engr, Amherst, NY.

W8.2
THE INFLUENCE OF FILM-SUBSTRATE AND INTERNAL INTERFACES ON THE STRENGTH AND DUCTILITY AND ;SPMlt;001;SPMgt; ORIENTED B2 NiAl-BASED ALLOYS, A. Misra, Univ of Michigan, Dept of MS&E, Ann Arbor, MI; J. T. Kim, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, Suwon, SOUTH KOREA; Ronald Gibala, Univ of Michigan, Dept of MS&E, Ann Arbor, MI.

W8.3
ENERGETICS OF IRON GRAIN BOUNDARY RELAXATION DURING IDEAL FRACTURE, Genrich L. Krasko, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Ceramics & Metals Div, Aberdeen Proving Grd, MD.

W8.4
ENHANCEMENT IN TOUGHNESS OF IMPENETRABLE INTERFACES BY TETHERED POLYMER CHAINS, Douglass S. Kalika, Lynn S. Penn, Renhe Lin, Mark Greenfield, Univ of Kentucky, Dept of C&ME, Lexington, KY; Roderic Quirk, J. Kuang, Univ of Akron, Dept of Polymer Science, Akron, OH.

W8.5
IMPROVEMENT OF ABRASIVE WEAR RESISTANCE BY WHISKER REINFORCEMENT IN ALUMINA CERAMICS, Mikio Iwasa, Osaka National Research Inst, Dept of Materials Physics, Osaka, JAPAN.

W8.6
ANALYSIS OF ADHESION AND INTERFACE DEBONDING IN LAMINATED SAFETY GLASS, Yan Sha, Cornell Univ, Dept of T&AM, Ithaca, NY; C. Y. Hui, Cornell Univ, Dept of Theoretical & Applied Mechanics, Ithaca, NY; Edward J. Kramer, Cornell Univ, Dept of MS&E, Ithaca, NY; Paul D. Garrett, J. W. Krapczyk, Monsanto Co, Springfield, MA.

W8.7
EFFECT OF ALKALLINE METAL IMPURITIES ON THE BONDING OF Al ATOMS AT THE GRAIN BOUNDARIES OF ALUMINUM, Akira Ito, Geng Tu, Univ of Tokyo, Division 4, Tokyo, JAPAN; Ryoichi Yamamoto, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W8.8
WORK OF ADHESION DETERMINATION USING THE ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE, William N. Unertl, Daniel D. Woodland, Univ of Maine, Surface Science & Tech Lab, Orono, ME; Yiren Luo, Univ of Maine, Surface Science & Technology Lab, Orono, ME.

W8.9
CALCULATIONS OF SEGREGATION AND FRACTURE IN Al-Mg ALLOYS, Xiang-Yang Liu, James B. Adams, Univ of Illinois-Urbana, Dept of MS&E, Urbana, IL.

W8.10
WHEEL ABRASION EXPERIMENT METALS SELECTION FOR MARS PATHFINDER MISSION, Aloysius F. Hepp, Dale C. Ferguson, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH; Navid S. Fatemi, Richard W. Hoffman, Essential Research, Cleveland, OH; Maria M. Hill, Kent State Univ, School of Technology, Kent, OH; Alain E. Kaloyeros, SUNY-Albany, Dept of Physics, Albany, NY.

W8.11
MICROTENSILE CREEP TESTING OF FREE-STANDING Ag/Cu MULTILAYERED THIN FILMS, Haibo Huang, Harvard Univ, Applied Science Div, Cambridge, MA; Frans Spaepen, Harvard Univ, Div of Engr & Applied Sciences, Cambridge, MA.

W8.12
COMPOSITIONAL EFFECTS ON GRAIN BOUNDARY DISLOCATION STABILITY IN PURE ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS, S. Gary Song, John S. Vetrano, Stephen M. Bruemmer, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.

W8.13
GRAIN BOUNDARY ENGINEERED LEAD ALLOYS, E. M. Lehockey, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Technology, Toronto, CANADA; G. Palumbo, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Research, Toronto, CANADA; A. Brennenstuhl, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Technology, Toronto, CANADA; P. Lin, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Research, Toronto, CANADA.

W8.14
STRUCTURE OF INTERFACES IN MULTILAYERS, A. I. Fedorenko, Polytechnic Univ, Dept of Metal & Semiconductor Physics, Kharkiv, UKRAINE; Yu P. Pershin, Polytechnic Univ, Dept of Metals & Semiconductor Physics, Kharkiv, UKRAINE; O. V. Poltseva, A. G. Ponomarenko, D. L. Voronov, S. A. Yulin, Polytechnic Univ, Dept of Metal & Semiconductor Physics, Kharkiv, UKRAINE.

W8.15
ENGINEERED INTERFACES FOR ADHERENT COATINGS IN THERMAL MISMATCHED SYSTEMS, Rajiv K. Singh, J. Fitz-Gerald, D. G. Lee, Univ of Florida, Dept of MS&E, Gainesville, FL.

W8.16
CHARACTERIZATION OF DIFFUSION BARRIER INTERLAYERS BETWEEN COPPER AND PLASMA SPRAYED BERYLLIUM, Andrew H. Bartlett, Richard G. Castro, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM.

SESSION W9: POSTER SESSION: THIN FILMS
Chair: Ernest L. Hall
Tuesday Evening, December 3, 1996
8:00 P.M.
America Ballroom (W)
W9.1
HYDROGENATION AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF Pd/Co MULTILAYERS, Akira Suzuki, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN; Kentaro Kyuno, Univ of Illinois-Urbana, Materials Design Lab, Urbana, IL; Etsuo Akiba, Nat Inst of Matls & Chem Res, Dept of Inorganic Materials, Ibaraki, JAPAN; Takashi Manago, Hideki Miyajima, Keio Univ, Dept of Physics, Kanagawa, JAPAN; Ryoichi Yamamoto, Univ of Tokyo, Inst of Industrial Science, Tokyo, JAPAN.

W9.2
ACOUSTIC SIGNATURE OF FABRICATION INDUCED DEFECTS IN SiC/ POROUS SiC LAMINATED CERAMICS, Raul Esquivel-Sirvent, Cecilia Noguez, UNAM, Estado Solido, Mexico , MEXICO.

W9.3
MECHANISMS OF OXYGEN AND WATER DIFFUSION THROUGH MULTILAYER INORGANIC/ORGANIC COATINGS, Yelena Tropsha, Noel Harvey, Jane Graper, Becton Dickinson Research Ctr, Research Triangle Pk, NC.

W9.4
ADHERENT DIAMOND COATINGS ON WC-Co CUTTING TOOLS, Hitesh Agrawal, M/S Hallmark Engineers, Bombay, INDIA; Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Indian Inst of Technology, Metallurgical Eng & Matl Sci, Bombay, INDIA; Devi Shankar Misra, Indian Inst of Technology, Dept of Physics, Bombay, INDIA.

W9.5
ANALYSIS OF THE INTERFACE BETWEEN PLASMA-SPRAYED HYDROXYAPATITE COATING AND Ti, Eunsung Park, NYS College of Ceramics, Alfred Univ, Alfred, NY; David T. Hoelzer, NYS College of Ceramics, School of Ceramic Engr & Sciences, Alfred, NY; Robert A. Condrate, NYS College of Ceramics, Alfred Univ, Alfred, NY.

W9.6
EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR THE CORROSION PROTECTION OF A NOVEL CONDUCTIVE POLYMER COATING ON ALUMINUM ALLOYS, Robert James Racicot, Sze C. Yang, Univ of Rhode Island, Dept of Chemistry, Kingston, RI; Richard Brown, Univ of Rhode Island, Dept of Chemical Engr, Kingston, RI.

W9.7
ALUMINUM NITRIDE AND BORON NITRIDE COATINGS ON SILICON CARBIDE WHISKERS, Steven Brown, Richard E. Partch, Clarkson Univ, Dept of Chemistry, Potsdam, NY.

W9.8
STABILIZATION OF SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS ON NATIVE OXIDES OF METALS, Yael G. Aronoff, Steven L. Bernasek, Bo Chen, Jeffrey Schwartz, Carwai Seto, Princeton Univ, Dept of Chemistry, Princeton, NJ.

W9.9
AEM CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGHLY ORIENTED DIAMOND FILMS ON (100) SILICON SYNTHESIZED BY BIASED-ENHANCED NUCLEATION(BEN) TECHNIQUE, Seung-Joon Jeon, Univ of Massachusetts, Ctr for Advanced Materials, Lowell, MA; Arun Kumar Chawla, Univ of Massachusetts, Dept of Chem & Nuc Engr, Lowell, MA; Changmo Sung, Univ of Massachusetts, Center for Advanced Materials, Lowell, MA; Young-Joon Baik, KIST, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA.

W9.10
METAL OXIDE AND METAL CARBIDE THIN FILMS ON LARGE SPHERICAL PARTICLES, Richard C. Stephenson, Clarkson Univ, Ctr for Adv Materials Processing, Potsdam, NY; Richard E. Partch, Clarkson Univ, Dept of Chemistry, Potsdam, NY.

W9.12
INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF c-BN THIN FILMS ON BOTH Si AND WC SUBSTRATE BY TEM, Ig-Hyeon Kim, Univ of Massachusetts, Ctr for Advanced Materials, Lowell, MA; Changmo Sung, Univ of Massachusetts, Center for Advanced Materials, Lowell, MA; Samg-Ro Lee, Korea Inst of Machinery & Metals, Kyyungnam, SOUTH KOREA; Young-Woon Seo, V & P International Inc.

W9.13
MICROMECHANICAL MODELLING AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDUAL STRESS CONCENTRATIONS IN FUNCTIONALLY GRADED THIN FILMS STRUCTURES, Ming Dao, Pei Gu, Univ of California-San Diego, Dept of AMES, La Jolla, CA; Robert J. Asaro, Univ of California-San Diego, Dept of Applied Mech & Engr Science, La Jolla, CA.

W9.14
PREPARATION OF THE PHOTO-ELECTRODE TiO tex2html_wrap_inline484 THICK FILMS BY THE PLASMA-SPRAY COATING, Nobuhiko Kubota, I-H Heavy Industries Co Ltd, Environ Dev, Koto-ku Tokyo, JAPAN; M. Ayabe, T. Fukuda, M. Akashi, I-H Heavy Industries Co Ltd, Dept of Environmental Development, Koto-ku Tokyo, JAPAN.

W9.15
ENERGY OF TILT BOUNDARIES IN FCC METALS USING THE MODIFIED EMBEDDED ATOM METHOD, Olof Hellman, Akira Seki, Shun-ichiro Tanaka, ERATO JST, Tanaka Solid Junction Project, Yokohama, JAPAN.

SESSION W10: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES: METALS AND MMCs
Chairs: Ronald Gibala and Tadao Watanabe
Wednesday Morning, December 4, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
8:30 AM *W10.1
GRAIN BOUNDARY SERRATIONS IN NICKEL-BASE SUPERALLOYS: MECHANISM AND IMPACT ON RESISTANCE TO TIME DEPENDENT FATIGUE CRACK PROPAGATION, Michael F. Henry, Rebecca L. Casey, GE Corp, Research & Development Center, Niskayuna, NY.

9:00 AM W10.2
INTERFACES AND FATIGUE DAMAGE IN A Ti-15-3/SCS-6 [0/90] tex2html_wrap_inline486 COMPOSITE , Winston O. Soboyejo, Ohio State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Columbus, OH; B. M. Rabeeh, Ohio State Univ, Dept of Industrial Welding & Systems Engr, Columbus, OH; G-Y. Lu, R. Gonzalez, A.B. O. Soboyejo, Ohio State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Columbus, OH; S. Rokhlin, Ohio State Univ, Dept of Industrial, Welding & Systems Engr, Columbus, OH.

9:15 AM W10.3
EFFECT OF tex2html_wrap_inline488 INTERFACES ON CREEP BEHAVIOR OF SINGLE COLONY TITANIUM ALLOYS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, Duen-Huei Hou, Satyarth Suri, Neeraj Thirumalai, Ohio State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Columbus, OH; Michail Scott, Air Force Wright Laboratory, MLLM Materials Directorate, Wright Patterson AFB, OH; Michael J. Mills, Ohio State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Columbus, OH.

9:30 AM BREAK

10:00 AM *W10.4
A GRAIN BOUNDARY ENGINEERING APPROACH TO MATERIALS RELIABILITY, G. Palumbo, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Research, Toronto, CANADA; E. M. Lehockey, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Technology, Toronto, CANADA; P. Lin, Ontario Hydro Technologies, Dept of Materials Research, Toronto, CANADA.

10:30 AM *W10.5
X-RAY TOMOGRAPHIC MICROSCOPY INVESTIGATION OF THE DUCTILE RUPTURE OF A METAL/CERAMIC INTERFACE* , Wayne E. King, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Dept of Chem & Matl Science, Livermore, CA; Geoffrey H. Campbell, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chem & Matls Sci Directorate, Livermore, CA; David L. Haupt, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Dept of Mech Engr, Livermore, CA; John E. Kinney, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chem & Matls Sci Directorate, Livermore, CA; Robert A. Riddle, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Dept of Mech Engr, Livermore, CA; Walter L. Wien, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chemistry & Matls Sci Directorate, Livermore, CA.

11:00 AM W10.6
INTERGRANULAR FRACTURE IN NEUTRON IRRADIATED VANADIUM-20 WT. tex2html_wrap_inline490 TITANIUM ALLOYS WITH LOW AND HIGH PURITY, Jun Kameda, Tamara E. Bloomer, Iowa State Univ, Ames Lab, Ames, IA; D. Y. Lyu, Chonju Technical College, Dept Die & Mold Design, Chonju, SOUTH KOREA.

11:15 AM W10.7
STUDY OF DYNAMIC EMBRITTLEMENT IN ALLOY BICRYSTALS, Ranjani C. Muthiah, Charles J. McMahon, Univ of Pennsylvania, Dept of MS&E, Philadelphia, PA; Pavel Lejcek, Inst of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 8, CZECH REPUBLIC; Vaclav Paidar, Inst of Physics, Acedemy of Sciences Czech Republic, Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC; Jeffrey A. Pfaendtner, Univ of Pennsylvania, Dept of MS&E, Philadelphia, PA; Vaclav Paidar, Inst of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 8, CZECH REPUBLIC.

11:30 AM W10.8
BOUNDARY LAYER IN A BICRYSTAL WITH STRAIN GRADIENT EFFECTS, John Yanjiang Shu, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Dept of Chem & Matls Science, Livermore, CA; Norman A. Fleck, Cambridge Univ, Dept of Engr, Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM; Wayne E. King, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Dept of Chem & Matl Science, Livermore, CA.

SESSION W11: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES: THIN FILMS AND NOVEL TEST METHODS
Chairs: Vijay Gupta and N. R. Moody
Monday Afternoon, December 4, 9600
Salon H/I (M)
1:30 PM *W11.1
DESIGN OF INTERFACES FOR ENHANCED PLASTICITY, Ronald Gibala, Univ of Michigan, Dept of MS&E, Ann Arbor, MI.

2:00 PM W11.2
INFLUENCE OF THE CONSTITUTIVE INTERFACIAL EQUATIONS ON THE FRACTURE OF THIN FILMS, Elliott S. Alber, M. I. Baskes, N. R. Moody, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.

2:15 PM W11.3
GRAIN ROTATION AND GRAIN BOUNDARY SELECTION IN THIN FILMS, Varun Singh, Alexander H. King, SUNY-Stony Brook, Dept of MS&E, Stony Brook, NY.

2:30 PM W11.4
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IN THE SYSTEM tex2html_wrap_inline492 , Matthew T. Johnson, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chemical Engr & Matls Science, Minneapolis, MN; Angela Strojny, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chem Engr & Matls Science, Minneapolis, MN; William W. Gerberich, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chemical Engr, Minneapolis, MN; C. Barry Carter, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of CE&MS, Minneapolis, MN.

2:45 PM W11.5
USING THE BLISTER TEST TO MEASURE INTERFACIAL FRACTURE TOUGHNESSESS OF INORGANIC FILM/SUBSTRATE SYSTEMS, Robert J. Hohlfelder, William D. Nix, Stanford Univ, Dept of MS&E, Stanford, CA; Anne S. Mack, Intel Corp, Santa Clara, CA.

3:00 PM BREAK

3:30 PM *W11.6
HIGH-TEMPERATURE PUSHOUT TESTING IN SiC-FIBER GLASS-CERAMIC COMPOSITES, Steven Nutt, Univ of Southern California, Dept of Materials Science , Los Angeles, CA; John Brennan, United Technologies Res Ctr, East Hartford, CT; Alan Seid, Touchstone Research Lab, Millennium Centre, Triadelphia, WV.

4:00 PM W11.7
MEASUREMENT OF IN SITU FIBER/MATRIX INTERFACE STRENGTH IN COMPOSITES, Tian Mao, Vijay Gupta, Allen Yu, Univ of California-Los Angeles, Dept of Mech & Aerospace Engr, Los Angeles, CA.

4:15 PM W11.8
INTERFACES STUDIED BY ELECTROMECHANICAL PULL-OUT TESTING, Xuli Fu, SUNY-Buffalo, Composite Materials Research Lab, Buffalo, NY; Xiangcheng Luo, SUNY-Buffalo, Composite Mtls Research, Buffalo, NY; Deborah D.L. Chung, SUNY-Buffalo, Dept of Mech & Aero Engr, Buffalo, NY.

4:30 PM W11.9
CHARACTERIZATION OF INTERPHASE REGIONS USING ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY, M. R. VanLandingham, Univ of Delaware, Newark, DE; S. H. McKnight, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Materials Directorate, Newark, DE; G. R. Palmese, Univ of Delaware, Newark, DE; Travis A. Bogetti, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Materials Directorate, Newark, DE; R. F. Eduljee, J. W. Gillespie, Univ of Delaware, Newark, DE.

SESSION W12: THIN FILMS
Chairs: Waltraud M. Kriven and Valerie Randall
Thursday Morning, December 5, 1996
Salon H/I (M)
8:30 AM *W12.1
RESIDUAL STRESS EFFECTS ON THE FRACTURE OF TANTALUM NITRIDE FILMS, N. R. Moody, Robert Q. Hwang, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; J. E. Angelo, Sandia National Laboratories, MS 9403, Livermore, CA; S. Venkataraman, Univ of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; William W. Gerberich, Univ of Minnesota, Dept of Chemical Engr, Minneapolis, MN.

9:00 AM W12.2
RESIDUAL STRESSES IN SINGLE AND MULTILAYER COMPOSITE DIAMOND COATINGS, W. D. Fan, K. Jagannadham, North Carolina State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Raleigh, NC; T. R. Watkins, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Dept of Metallurgy & Ceramics, Oak Ridge, TN; Jagdish Narayan, North Carolina State Univ, Dept of MS&E, Raleigh, NC.

9:15 AM W12.3
MEASUREMENT OF THE FRACTURE ENERGY OF SiO tex2html_wrap_inline484 /TiN/Al INTERFACES USING THE RESIDUALLY-STRESSED THIN-FILM MICRO-STRIP TEST, Guanghai Xu, D . D. Ragan, David R. Clarke, Ming Y. He, Univ of California-S Barbara, Dept of Materials, Santa Barbara, CA; Qing Ma, H. Fujimoto, Intel Corp, Santa Clara, CA.

9:30 AM W12.4
EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE ORIENTATION AND DEPOSITION MODE ON THE TENSILE STRENGTH AND TOUGHNESS OF Nb/SAPPHIRE INTERFACES, Jianxin Wu, Univ of California-Los Angeles, Dept of M&AE, Los Angeles, CA; Vijay Gupta, Univ of California-Los Angeles, Dept of Mech & Aerospace Engr, Los Angeles, CA.

9:45 AM W12.5
INTERFACE SHEAR STRENGTH AND FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF NiAl/METAL LAMINATES, Matthew R. Fox, Univ of Michigan, Materials Science & Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI; Sion M. Pickard, Amit K. Ghosh, Univ of Michigan, Dept of MS&E, Ann Arbor, MI.

10:00 AM BREAK

10:30 AM *W12.6
OXIDE LAMINATES WITH HIGH STRENGTH AND WORK-OF-FRACTURE, Dong-Hau Kuo, Waltraud M. Kriven, Univ of Illinois-Urbana, Dept of MS&E, Urbana, IL.

11:00 AM W12.7
TAILORED SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYER FILMS FOR CORROSION INHIBITION, Paul E. Laibinis, MIT, Dept of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA; G. Kane Jennings, MIT, Cambridge, MA.

11:15 AM W12.8
INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MoSi tex2html_wrap_inline484 + X SiC COMPOSITE THIN FILMS ON MOLYBDENUM SUBSTRATES, Shrinivas Govindarajan, John J. Moore, Colorado School of Mines, Dept of Metallurgical & Materials Engr, Golden, CO; Tim R. Ohno, Colorado School of Mines, Dept of Physics, Golden, CO; Joachim Disam, Schott Glaswerke, Mainz, GERMANY.

11:30 AM W12.9
MECHANISM OF SPUTTER-INDUCED ORIENTATION CHANGE IN YBCO THIN FILMS ON MgO (001) SUBSTRATES, Yi Huang, Argonne National Laboratory, Materials Science Div, Argonne, IL; Karl I. Merkle, Boris V. Vuchic, Peter M. Baldo, Argonne National Laboratory, Dept of Materials Science, Argonne, IL; D. Bruce Buchholz, Sukesh Mahajan, Jams S. Lei, Paul R. Markworth, Northwestern Univ, Dept of MS&E, Evanston, IL; R. P. H. Chang, Northwestern Univ, Materials Research Ctr, Evanston, IL.

11:45 AM W12.10
EFFECT ON INTERPLANAR DEBONDING ENERGY ON THE PROPERTIES tex2html_wrap_inline498 AND THE H-PHASES, Michel W. Barsoum, Tamer El-Raghy, Drexel Univ, Dept of Materials Engr, Philadelphia, PA.